# Petroleum Rock Mechanics

## 1st Edition

### Drilling Operations and Well Design

**Authors:**Bernt Aadnoy Reza Looyeh

**Paperback ISBN:**9780123855466

**eBook ISBN:**9780123855473

**Imprint:**Gulf Professional Publishing

**Published Date:**26th May 2011

**Page Count:**376

## Description

Dedication

Preface

Acknowledgements

About the authors

List of symbols

Chapter 1. Stress/Strain Definitions and Components

1.1. General concept

1.2. Definition of stress

1.3. Stress components

1.4. Definition of strain

1.5. Strain components

Chapter 2. Stress and Strain Transformation

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Transformation principles

2.3. Two-dimensional stress transformation

2.4. Stress transformation in space

2.5. Tensor of stress components

2.6. Strain transformation in space

Chapter 3. Principal and Deviatoric Stresses and Strains

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Principal stresses

3.3. Average and deviatoric stresses

3.4. General interpretation of principal stresses

3.5. Two-dimensional stress analysis

3.6. Properties of strain

Chapter 4. Theory of Elasticity

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Materials behavior

4.3. Hooke's law

4.4. Hooke's law in shear

4.5. Analysis of structures

4.6. Theory of inelasticity

4.7. Constitutive relation for rocks

Chapter 5. Failure Criteria

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Failure criteria for rock materials

5.3. The von mises failure criterion

5.4. Mohr-coulomb failure criterion

5.5. The griffith failure criterion

5.6. Hoek-brown failure criterion

5.7. Druker-prager failure criterion

5.8. Mogi-coulomb failure criterion

Chapter 6. Introduction to Petroleum Rock Mechanics

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Definition and classification of rocks

6.3. Petroleum rock mechanics

6.4. Why study stress in rocks?

6.5. Units of measurement

Chapter 7. Porous Rocks and Effective Stresses

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Anisotropy and inhomogeneity

7.3. Anisotropic rocks, transversal isotropy

7.4. Porous rock

7.5. Formation pore pressure

7.6. Effective stress

7.7. Formation porosity and permeability

Chapter 8. In-Situ Stress

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Definitions

8.3. in-situ principal stresses

8.4. Measurement and estimation of in-situ stresses

8.5. Probabilistic analysis of stress data

8.6. Bounds on in-situ stresses

8.7. Stress directions from fracture traces

Chapter 9. Rock Strength and Rock Failure

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Strength of rock material

9.3. Empirical correlations

9.4. Formation fracture gradient

9.5. Laboratory testing of intact rocks

9.6. Rock tensile strength

9.7. Rock shear strength

Chapter 10. Stresses Around a Wellbore

10.1. Introduction

10.2. State of stresses around a wellbore

10.3. Properties of rock formation around a wellbore

10.4. Equations governing stress analysis

10.5. Analysis of stresses around a wellbore

10.6. Isotropic solution

10.7. Anisotropic solution

Chapter 11. Wellbore Instability Analysis

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Analysis procedure

11.3. Wellbore fracturing pressure

11.4. Wellbore collapse pressure

11.5. Instability analysis of multi-lateral boreholes

11.6. Instability analysis of adjacent boreholes

11.7. Instability analysis of underbalanced drilling

11.8. Shallow fracturing

11.9. General fracturing model

11.10. Compaction analysis for high-pressure, high-temperature reservoirs

11.11. Breakthrough of a relief well into a blowing well

11.12. Fracture model for load history and temperature

11.13. Effects of flow induced stresses

11.14. Sand production modeling

Chapter 12. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Inversion Technique

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Definitions

12.3. The inversion technique

12.4. Geological aspects

12.5. Analysis constraints

12.6. Inversion from fracture data and image logs

Chapter 13. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Quantitative Risk Assessment

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Deterministic analysis versus probabilistic assessment

13.3. Why probabilistic assessment?

13.4. Quantitative risk assessment (QRA)

13.5. Quantitative risk assessment of underbalanced drilling

Chapter 14. The Effect of Mud Losses on Wellbore Stability

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Mud losses during drilling

14.3. Interpretation of the leak-off tests

14.4. Future developments for wellbore stability

References

Appendix A. Mechanical Properties of Rocks

Appendix B. The Poisson's Ratio Effect

Appendix C. Model for the Stress Bridge

Appendix D. Glossary Of Terms

Index

## Key Features

- Clearly applies rock mechanics to on and off shore oil and gas drilling
- Step by Step approach to the analyze wellbore instabilities
- Provides worked out examples with solutions to everyday problems

## Readership

Reservoir Engineers, Production Engineer, Drilling Engineers, Exploration Geophysicists

## Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

Acknowledgements

About the authors

List of symbols

Chapter 1. Stress/Strain Definitions and Components

1.1. General concept

1.2. Definition of stress

1.3. Stress components

1.4. Definition of strain

1.5. Strain components

Chapter 2. Stress and Strain Transformation

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Transformation principles

2.3. Two-dimensional stress transformation

2.4. Stress transformation in space

2.5. Tensor of stress components

2.6. Strain transformation in space

Chapter 3. Principal and Deviatoric Stresses and Strains

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Principal stresses

3.3. Average and deviatoric stresses

3.4. General interpretation of principal stresses

3.5. Two-dimensional stress analysis

3.6. Properties of strain

Chapter 4. Theory of Elasticity

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Materials behavior

4.3. Hooke's law

4.4. Hooke's law in shear

4.5. Analysis of structures

4.6. Theory of inelasticity

4.7. Constitutive relation for rocks

Chapter 5. Failure Criteria

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Failure criteria for rock materials

5.3. The von mises failure criterion

5.4. Mohr-coulomb failure criterion

5.5. The griffith failure criterion

5.6. Hoek-brown failure criterion

5.7. Druker-prager failure criterion

5.8. Mogi-coulomb failure criterion

Chapter 6. Introduction to Petroleum Rock Mechanics

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Definition and classification of rocks

6.3. Petroleum rock mechanics

6.4. Why study stress in rocks?

6.5. Units of measurement

Chapter 7. Porous Rocks and Effective Stresses

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Anisotropy and inhomogeneity

7.3. Anisotropic rocks, transversal isotropy

7.4. Porous rock

7.5. Formation pore pressure

7.6. Effective stress

7.7. Formation porosity and permeability

Chapter 8. In-Situ Stress

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Definitions

8.3. in-situ principal stresses

8.4. Measurement and estimation of in-situ stresses

8.5. Probabilistic analysis of stress data

8.6. Bounds on in-situ stresses

8.7. Stress directions from fracture traces

Chapter 9. Rock Strength and Rock Failure

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Strength of rock material

9.3. Empirical correlations

9.4. Formation fracture gradient

9.5. Laboratory testing of intact rocks

9.6. Rock tensile strength

9.7. Rock shear strength

Chapter 10. Stresses Around a Wellbore

10.1. Introduction

10.2. State of stresses around a wellbore

10.3. Properties of rock formation around a wellbore

10.4. Equations governing stress analysis

10.5. Analysis of stresses around a wellbore

10.6. Isotropic solution

10.7. Anisotropic solution

Chapter 11. Wellbore Instability Analysis

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Analysis procedure

11.3. Wellbore fracturing pressure

11.4. Wellbore collapse pressure

11.5. Instability analysis of multi-lateral boreholes

11.6. Instability analysis of adjacent boreholes

11.7. Instability analysis of underbalanced drilling

11.8. Shallow fracturing

11.9. General fracturing model

11.10. Compaction analysis for high-pressure, high-temperature reservoirs

11.11. Breakthrough of a relief well into a blowing well

11.12. Fracture model for load history and temperature

11.13. Effects of flow induced stresses

11.14. Sand production modeling

Chapter 12. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Inversion Technique

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Definitions

12.3. The inversion technique

12.4. Geological aspects

12.5. Analysis constraints

12.6. Inversion from fracture data and image logs

Chapter 13. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Quantitative Risk Assessment

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Deterministic analysis versus probabilistic assessment

13.3. Why probabilistic assessment?

13.4. Quantitative risk assessment (QRA)

13.5. Quantitative risk assessment of underbalanced drilling

Chapter 14. The Effect of Mud Losses on Wellbore Stability

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Mud losses during drilling

14.3. Interpretation of the leak-off tests

14.4. Future developments for wellbore stability

References

Appendix A. Mechanical Properties of Rocks

Appendix B. The Poisson's Ratio Effect

Appendix C. Model for the Stress Bridge

Appendix D. Glossary Of Terms

Index

## Details

- No. of pages:
- 376

- Language:
- English

- Copyright:
- © Gulf Professional Publishing 2012

- Published:
- 26th May 2011

- Imprint:
- Gulf Professional Publishing

- eBook ISBN:
- 9780123855473

- Paperback ISBN:
- 9780123855466

## About the Author

### Bernt Aadnoy

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

### Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

### Reza Looyeh

### Affiliations and Expertise

Lead Engineer, Chevron Limited, Pembroke Refinery, UK