Petroleum Rock Mechanics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123855466, 9780123855473

Petroleum Rock Mechanics

1st Edition

Drilling Operations and Well Design

Authors: Bernt Aadnoy Reza Looyeh
eBook ISBN: 9780123855473
Paperback ISBN: 9780123855466
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 26th May 2011
Page Count: 376
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Description

Petroleum Rock Mechanics: Drilling Operations and Well Design covers the fundamentals of solid mechanics and petroleum rock mechanics and their application to oil and gas-related drilling operations and well design. More specifically, it examines the role of formation, strength of rock materials, and wellbore mechanics, along with the impact of in-situ stress changes on wellbore and borehole behavior. Practical examples with solutions and a comprehensive glossary of terminologies are provided. Equations are incorporated into well-known failure criteria to predict stresses and to analyze a range of failure scenarios throughout drilling, well operation, and well completion processes. The book also discusses stress and strain components, principal and deviatoric stresses and strains, materials behavior, the theories of elasticity and inelasticity, probabilistic analysis of stress data, the tensile and shear strength of rocks, wellbore stability, and fracture and collapse behavior for both single and multi-lateral wells. Both inexperienced university students and experienced engineers will find this book extremely useful.

Key Features

  • Clearly applies rock mechanics to on and off shore oil and gas drilling
  • Step by Step approach to the analyze wellbore instabilities
  • Provides worked out examples with solutions to everyday problems

Readership

Reservoir Engineers, Production Engineer, Drilling Engineers, Exploration Geophysicists

Table of Contents

Dedication

Preface

Acknowledgements

About the authors

List of symbols

Chapter 1. Stress/Strain Definitions and Components

1.1. General concept

1.2. Definition of stress

1.3. Stress components

1.4. Definition of strain

1.5. Strain components

Chapter 2. Stress and Strain Transformation

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Transformation principles

2.3. Two-dimensional stress transformation

2.4. Stress transformation in space

2.5. Tensor of stress components

2.6. Strain transformation in space

Chapter 3. Principal and Deviatoric Stresses and Strains

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Principal stresses

3.3. Average and deviatoric stresses

3.4. General interpretation of principal stresses

3.5. Two-dimensional stress analysis

3.6. Properties of strain

Chapter 4. Theory of Elasticity

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Materials behavior

4.3. Hooke's law

4.4. Hooke's law in shear

4.5. Analysis of structures

4.6. Theory of inelasticity

4.7. Constitutive relation for rocks

Chapter 5. Failure Criteria

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Failure criteria for rock materials

5.3. The von mises failure criterion

5.4. Mohr-coulomb failure criterion

5.5. The griffith failure criterion

5.6. Hoek-brown failure criterion

5.7. Druker-prager failure criterion

5.8. Mogi-coulomb failure criterion

Chapter 6. Introduction to Petroleum Rock Mechanics

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Definition and classification of rocks

6.3. Petroleum rock mechanics

6.4. Why study stress in rocks?

6.5. Units of measurement

Chapter 7. Porous Rocks and Effective Stresses

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Anisotropy and inhomogeneity

7.3. Anisotropic rocks, transversal isotropy

7.4. Porous rock

7.5. Formation pore pressure

7.6. Effective stress

7.7. Formation porosity and permeability

Chapter 8. In-Situ Stress

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Definitions

8.3. in-situ principal stresses

8.4. Measurement and estimation of in-situ stresses

8.5. Probabilistic analysis of stress data

8.6. Bounds on in-situ stresses

8.7. Stress directions from fracture traces

Chapter 9. Rock Strength and Rock Failure

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Strength of rock material

9.3. Empirical correlations

9.4. Formation fracture gradient

9.5. Laboratory testing of intact rocks

9.6. Rock tensile strength

9.7. Rock shear strength

Chapter 10. Stresses Around a Wellbore

10.1. Introduction

10.2. State of stresses around a wellbore

10.3. Properties of rock formation around a wellbore

10.4. Equations governing stress analysis

10.5. Analysis of stresses around a wellbore

10.6. Isotropic solution

10.7. Anisotropic solution

Chapter 11. Wellbore Instability Analysis

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Analysis procedure

11.3. Wellbore fracturing pressure

11.4. Wellbore collapse pressure

11.5. Instability analysis of multi-lateral boreholes

11.6. Instability analysis of adjacent boreholes

11.7. Instability analysis of underbalanced drilling

11.8. Shallow fracturing

11.9. General fracturing model

11.10. Compaction analysis for high-pressure, high-temperature reservoirs

11.11. Breakthrough of a relief well into a blowing well

11.12. Fracture model for load history and temperature

11.13. Effects of flow induced stresses

11.14. Sand production modeling

Chapter 12. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Inversion Technique

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Definitions

12.3. The inversion technique

12.4. Geological aspects

12.5. Analysis constraints

12.6. Inversion from fracture data and image logs

Chapter 13. Wellbore Instability Analysis Using Quantitative Risk Assessment

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Deterministic analysis versus probabilistic assessment

13.3. Why probabilistic assessment?

13.4. Quantitative risk assessment (QRA)

13.5. Quantitative risk assessment of underbalanced drilling

Chapter 14. The Effect of Mud Losses on Wellbore Stability

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Mud losses during drilling

14.3. Interpretation of the leak-off tests

14.4. Future developments for wellbore stability

References

Appendix A. Mechanical Properties of Rocks

Appendix B. The Poisson's Ratio Effect

Appendix C. Model for the Stress Bridge

Appendix D. Glossary Of Terms

Index

Details

No. of pages:
376
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Gulf Professional Publishing 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Gulf Professional Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780123855473
Paperback ISBN:
9780123855466

About the Author

Bernt Aadnoy

Bernt Sigve Aadnoy is a Professor of the Petroleum Engineering Department at the University of Stavanger in Norway. His extensive career includes working for Phillips, Rogaland Research Institute, Statoil, and independent consultant work for many oil companies, including being an advisor for the Petroleum Safety Authority since 2003. Professor Aadnoy holds a Mechanical Engineers degree from Stavanger Tech, a BSc in mechanical engineeering from the University of Wyoming, a M.S. degree in control engineering from the University of Texas, and PhD in petroleum rock mechanics from the Norwegian Institute of Technology. He has authored more than 130 publications, mostly within drilling and rock mechanics but also within reservoir engineering and production. He holds 7 patents. Professor Aadnoy is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. he has received numerous awards over the years, including being the 1999 recipient of the SPE International Drilling Engineering Award and an Honorary Membership Award in 2015 for his dedicated service to SPE.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Reza Looyeh

Reza Looyeh is a registered Chartered Engineer, a Fellow member of the Institute of Mechanical Engineeres (IMechE) in the UK, and a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). He holds a BSc in Mechanical Engineering from Tehran University, Iran (1989, Honors Degree), an MSc from Newcastle University, UK, in offshore engineering (1994), and PhD from Durham University, UK, in mechanical engineering (1999). He is presently a lead mechanical engineer at Chebron Pembroke Refinery in the UK, a position he has held since 2006. Dr. Looyeh has over 25 technical publications on a variety of topics and is a member of the Engineering Equipment and Material User's Association (EEMUA), Piping Systems Committee (PSC), and Materails Technology Committee (MTC), as well as an industrial advisor to IMechE for the oil and gas sector.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lead Engineer, Chevron Limited, Pembroke Refinery, UK