Performance of Bio-based Building Materials

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials

1st Edition - July 7, 2017

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  • Authors: Dennis Jones, Christian Brischke
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081009826
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081009925

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Description

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials provides guidance on the use of bio-based building materials (BBBM) with respect to their performance. The book focuses on BBBM currently present on the European market. The state-of-the-art is presented regarding material properties, recommended uses, performance expectancies, testing methodology, and related standards. Chapters cover both ‘old and traditional’ BBBM since quite a few of them are experiencing a comeback on the market. Promising developments that could become commercial in the near future are presented as well. The book will be a valuable reference resource for those working in the bio-based materials research community, architects and agencies dealing with sustainable construction, and graduate students in civil engineering.

Key Features

  • Takes a unique approach to bio-based materials and presents a broad overview of the topics on relevant areas necessary for application and promotion in construction
  • Contains a general description, notable properties related to performance, and applications
  • Presents standards that are structured according to performance types

Readership

Graduate students in civil engineering, those working in the bio-based materials research community, architects and agencies dealing with sustainable construction

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Introduction

    This book shall provide guidance on the use of bio based building materials (BBBM) with respect to their performance. The book is focusing on BBBM currently present on the European market.

    The state of the art is presented regarding material properties, recommended uses, performance expectancies, testing methodology and related standards. Lacks of information and knowledge will be identified. Future research needs are highlighted. Promising developments that could become commercial in the near future are presented as well.

    This does not exclude the majority of ‘old and traditional’ BBBM since quite some of them are experiencing a comeback or have never disappeared from the market.

    1.1 Bio-based building materials and their role in the modern building sector

    1.2 Traditional use and regional differences

    1.3 Current issues and challenges related to performance of bio-based building materials

    2 Wood-based bio-based building materials

    2.1 Wood based products

    This section to cover hardwood and softwood and regional differences depending on local supply How international supplies have changed market demand and building techniques

    Each sub-chapter should contain:

    General description

    Notable properties (related to performance)

    Applications (historical and –more important- recent examples)

    2.1.1 Solid wood

    2.1.2 Glulam and cross laminated timber

    2.1.3 Panels

    2.1.4 Composites

    2.2 Wood Derivatives

    2.2.1 Bark

    2.2.2 Cork

    2.2.3 Fibers

    2.2.4 Cellulose

    2.2.5 Pulp and paper

    3 Non-wood-based bio-based building materials

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Flax

    3.3 Hemp

    3.4 Straw

    3.5 Bamboo and Rattan

    3.6 Reed

    3.7 Palm

    4 Non-conventional and emerging bio-based building materials

    4.1 Seaweed

    4.2 Wool

    4.3 Peat

    4.4 Grass

    4.5 Other

    To be determined as the review progresses, based on innovative work within the COST Action and surveying international literature

    4.6 Hybrid materials

    Review the development of combination of range of bio-based maeterials as well as bio-based materials in combination with non-biobased construction materials (e.g. hempcrete, composite windows)

    5 Protection of bio-based materials

    The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of methods available to enhance the properties of bio-based materials. This will only provide a general introduction, since there are a wide range of existing texts on these subjects, and readers will be directed towards these.

    5.1 Hazards and potential degrading agents

    5.2 Material protection

    5.2.1 Preservation techniques

    5.2.2 Modification methods

    5.2.3 Encapsulation methods

    5.3 Building design

    5.4 Building maintenance

    6 Performance of the bio-based material

    Clear description of how ‚performance‘ can be defined and understood. This might be done by considering different viewpoints, e.g. of architects, engineers, end users, academics, biologists, market researcher, etc.

    6.1 Function

    6.2 Durability

    6.3 Moisture

    6.4 Aesthetics

    6.5 Energy efficiency

    6.6 Resistance to fire

    Written by an invited guest author from COST FP 1404

    6.7 Environmental

    6.8 Other

    7 Performance requirements as part of the building envelope

    7.1 Building physics

    7.2 Energy efficiency

    7.3 Concept of near zero energy and passive houses

    7.4 Impact of in-use conditions

    How do people living inside and using the building or constructed asset influence its performance? Effect of ventilation habits, cleaning, maintenance, wear, etc.

    7.5 Indoor air quality

    Effects of VOC emissions, indoor and outdoor pollutions

    8 Performance testing

    It is necessary to consider both lab and field tests given the necessity to meet lab testing conditions for traditional standardisation methods used with bio-based materials, and long-term realistic testing according to field trials (which expose materials to real-time hazards, e.g. long term durability studies of CCA treated wood have been running for more than 50 years, so providing wealth of information and helping in comparing/extrapolating lab test results with expected field trials and hence in-use performance)

    8.1 Laboratory testing

    8.1.1 Bacteria, mould and decay fungi

    8.1.2 Insects

    8.1.3 Marine borers

    8.1.4 Weathering and leaching

    8.1.5 Moisture dynamics

    8.1.6 Energy performance

    8.1.7 Building physics (e.g. moisture transport, thermal conductivity

    8.2 Field tests

    8.2.1 Bacteria, mould and decay fungi

    8.2.2 Insects

    8.2.3 Marine borers

    8.2.4 Weathering and leaching

    8.2.5 Moisture dynamics

    8.3 Monitoring of structures and in-service testing

    9 Performance of building envelopes

    9.1 Building physics

    9.2 Energy efficiency

    9.3 Concept of near zero energy and passive houses

    9.4 Impact of in-use conditions

    How do people living inside and using the building or constructed asset influence its performance? Effect of ventilation habits, cleaning, maintenance, wear, etc.

    9.5 Indoor air quality

    Effects of VOC emissions, indoor and outdoor pollutions

    10 Modelling

    10.1 Introduction

    How modelling can be used as a tool to link testing results to expected service performance and overall service life

    10.2 Mould development

    10.3 Hygrothermal models

    10.4 Decay models

    10.5 Thermal and energy efficiency models

    10.6 Mechanical performance models

    10.7 Others

    11 Bio-based building materials meeting current and future requirements

    11.1 Introduction

    Overview of the demands for improved building performance, and how bio-based materials can help meet these demands now and in the forseeable future.

    11.2 Mitigation of climate change and building materials

    11.2.1 Environmental assessment of building materials from processing, use and end of life phase

    11.2.2 Environmental assessment of buildings

    11.2.3 Assessing and managing the risk of climate changes

    11.2.4 Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation measures

    11.3 Innovative building materials for sustainable growth

    11.3.1 Environmental profiles and Eco-labels

    11.3.2 Life cycle costing

    11.3.3 Circular economy, bio-economy, and low-carbon society

    12.4 Future requirements

    12 Evaluation and standardisation

    12.1 Current situation in Europe

    Structured according to ‚performance types as in section 6-5

    12.2 Current situation internationally

    Structured according to ‚performance types as in section 6-5

    12.3 Overview of relevant standards

    Structured according to ‚performance types as in section 6-5

    12.4 Recent developments

    13 Current groups and evaluation committees for bio-based building materials

    14 Glossary of terms

Product details

  • No. of pages: 650
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2017
  • Published: July 7, 2017
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780081009826
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081009925

About the Authors

Dennis Jones

Dennis Jones, the Chair of COST Action FP1303, has more than 20 years’ experience in wood and bio-based material research and technology. Currently working as a consultant, he is affiliated with Luleå University of Technology in Sweden and the University of Primorska in Slovenia, having previously worked in Sweden, the UK, Denmark and The Netherlands.

Affiliations and Expertise

DJ Timber Consultancy Ltd, UK Luleå University of Technology, Skellefteå, Sweden University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia

Christian Brischke

Christian Brischke is the Vice Chair of COST Action FP1303 and is a researcher at University Göttingen in Germany and has a prolific publication list in areas linked to protection and performance of bio-based materials. He is also active within the International Research Group on Wood Protection, where he is currently a committee member for the group “Test Methodology and Assessment” as well as a member of their Communications Committee.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Göttingen, Germany

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