Pay Inequalities in the European Community

Pay Inequalities in the European Community

Butterworths European Studies

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Authors: Christopher Saunders, David Marsden
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192390

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Pay Inequalities in the European Community presents a comparative analysis of the distribution of earnings from employment in six countries of the European Economic Community: Britain, Belgium, France, the federal Republic of Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. The text covers aspects of the inequality of pay among individual workers: inequality between sectors and industries in the economy; between occupations and between men and women; assessment of the relative importance of the elements in inequality; and factors which may underlie differences in the patterns of distribution between countries such as training and promotion systems, trade union bargaining policies and institutions, and income policies. Economists, labor specialists, and researchers will find the book a good source of information.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Preliminaries

    1.1 What the Book is about

    1.2 Basic Concepts and Data Sources

    1.3 Pay and Price Trends in the 1970s

    1.4 Levels of Pay and Labor Costs in Money and Purchasing Power

    2 The Comparative Dispersions of Individual Earnings

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The Distribution of Pay in Industry in 1972

    2.3 Pay Dispersions in Distribution and Finance

    2.4 The Dispersion of Earnings in Agriculture

    2.5 A Wider and Longer-Term View of Pay Dispersions

    2.6 The Incidence of Direct Taxes on Pay Inequalities

    2.7 Summary

    Appendix Effects of the Choice of Pay Period on Dispersions

    3 Differentials between Industries and Sectors

    3.1 Labor Cost and Pay Differentials between Branches of Industry

    3.2 Branch Differentials in Industry and some Factors Underlying Them

    3.3 Pay Dispersions within Industries

    3.4 Pay in Distribution and Finance Compared with Industry

    3.5 Earnings in Agriculture Compared with Industry

    3.6 Trends in Industry Differentials

    3.7 Winning and Losing Branches in the 1970s: Manual Men in Industry

    3.8 Winners and Losers in British Industry: Manual Men

    3.9 Branch Differentials in Britain - Industrial and Non-Industrial Sectors: All Labor Markets

    3.10 France: Relative Pay Trends in some Non-Industrial Sectors 1972-1977

    3.11 West Germany: Relative Pay Trends in some Non-Industrial Sectors

    3.12 Belgium and the Netherlands: Sectoral Differences

    3.13 Summary


    4 Occupational Differentials

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Occupational Differentials in Industry in 1972

    4.3 Occupational Differentials in Distribution and Banking in 1974

    4.4 A Comparison of Pay between Industry, Distribution and Banking

    4.5 A Note on Occupational Pay in Certain Sectors in Italy

    4.6 A Brief Historical Survey of the Evolution of Skill Differentials among Manual Workers

    4.7 The Evolution of Occupational Differentials in Great Britain

    4.8 The Evolution of Occupational Differentials in West Germany

    4.9 The Evolution of Occupational Differentials in France

    4.10 The Evolution of Occupational Differentials in Italy

    4.11 Linkages between Movements in Occupational Pay through Time

    4.12 Summary and Conclusions

    Appendix 4.1 The Occupational Classifications Used by Eurostat

    Appendix 4.2 A Note on the Historical Sources Used for France, Great Britain, Germany and the USA

    5 The Pay Differential for Women

    5.1 The Women's Average Pay Differential

    5.2 The Narrowing of the Women's Pay Differential

    5.3 Differential Working Hours

    5.4 The Effect of Age Distribution on the Women's Differential

    5.5 The Influence of the Industrial Distribution

    5.6 The Influence of Occupational Distribution

    5.7 Part-Time Work and Pay

    5.8 Summary and Conclusions

    6 Interrelationships in the Industrial Pay Structure

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 A Comparison of the Variation of Earnings with Different Factors

    6.3 Differences between the Four Labor Markets

    6.4 Stability Over Time: Comparisons with 1966

    6.5 Comparisons within Selected Industries

    6.6 The Nature of the Interactions

    6.7 The Unexplained Residuals of the Dispersions

    6.8 Fluctuations in Earnings and Their Effect Upon Dispersions

    6.9 Two Aggregate Theories of Fluctuations in Earnings

    6.10 Summary and Conclusions

    Appendix The Components of the Variance Method Used in Chapters 6 and 7

    7 Training, Mobility and the Pay Structure

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 A Broader Statistical Analysis

    7.3 Manual Men

    7.4 Manual Women

    7.5 Non-Manual Men

    7.6 Non-Manual Women

    7.7 Summary and Conclusions

    8 Reflections

    8.1 International Dissimilarities in Patterns of Pay

    8.2 Changes in Pay Structures Over Time

    Appendix Main Statistical Sources

    A.1 European Community Sources

    A.2 The British New Earnings Survey (NES)

    Postscript—June 1981


Product details

  • No. of pages: 384
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192390

About the Authors

Christopher Saunders

David Marsden

About the Editor

François Duchêne

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