Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases

Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases

Approaches to Control

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Editors: Kerry F. Harris, Karl Maramorosch
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273488

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Description

Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases: Approaches to Control is a collection of papers that discusses how vector host interactions, vector ecology, and disease epidemiology can be applied to disease prevention and control. The book deals with innovative strategies pertaining to control of vector-borne viruses and viral infections in plants. One paper discusses nonpesticidal control of vector-borne viruses including soil solarization that uses solar energy for crop protection, and insect sterilization through radiation, chemosterilants or genetic modifications. Another paper discusses chemicals that interfere with nucleic acid and protein synthesis; as these interactions pose no hazards to animal (mammals), the chemicals are suitable for controlling viral diseases. One author examines the use of oil sprays and reflective surfaces as a means of controlling plant viruses transmitted by insects. In the United States, the entry of vector-borne plant pathogens is controlled by plant quarantine. One author lists several ways in effective quarantine procedures, as well as, the safe importation of potential vectors as cultures. This book is suitable for environmentalists, biologists, conservationists, agriculturists, botanists, and researchers in botany and plant genealogy.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    1. Nonpesticidal Control of Vector-Borne Diseases

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Evasive Measures

    1.3 Repellence by Reflective Surfaces

    1.4 Sticky Yellow Traps

    1.5 Barriers and Bafflers

    1.6 Soil Solarization

    1.7 Biological and Integrated Control of Vectors

    1.8 Some Concluding Remarks

    1.9 Acknowledgments

    1.10 References

    2. Chemotherapy of Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Earlier Searches for Chemotherapeutants

    2.3 Test Methods

    2.4 Pyrimidines and Purines

    2.5 Antibiotics

    2.6 Hormones

    2.7 Fungicides

    2.8 Herbicides

    2.9 Chemotherapy of Animal Viruses

    2.10 Discussion

    2.11 References

    3. Control of Whitefly Vectors of Viruses by Color Mulches

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Effect of Mulches on Whitefly Populations and Virus Spread

    3.3 Effect of Mulches on Whitefly Behavior

    3.4 Whitefly Vision

    3.5 Discussion and Conclusion

    3.6 Acknowledgments

    3.7 References

    4. Chemical Control of Nematode Vectors

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Fumigant Nematicides

    4.3 Nonfumigant Nematicides

    4.4 References

    5. Use of Oil Sprays and Reflective Surfaces for Control of Insect-Transmitted Plant Viruses

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Reflective Surfaces

    5.3 Oil Sprays

    5.4 Conclusions and Discussion

    5.5 References

    6. Controlling Seed and Insect-Borne Viruses

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Control of Virus Diseases at the Field Level

    6.3 Control of Virus Diseases at the Regional Level

    6.4 Control of Virus Diseases at the International Level

    6.5 Conclusion

    6.6 Acknowledgments

    6.7 References

    7. The Host as a Vector: Exclusion as a Control

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 A Review of Exclusion Methods and Procedures

    7.3 Measuring, on a Worldwide Basis, the Use of Exclusion as a Control

    7.4 The Biological Basis of Exclusion of Hosts, Pests, and Pathogens

    7.5 References

    8. Plant Quarantine Problems in Preventing the Entry into the United States of Vector-Borne Plant Pathogens

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Entry of Potential Vectors

    8.3 Information Necessary for Quarantine Decisions Concerning Vectors

    8.4 Approaches to Prevent the Introduction of Potential Vectors with Imported Cargo

    8.5 Approaches for the Safe Importation of Potential Vectors as Cultures

    8.6 Current Approach to the Exclusion of Vectors

    8.7 Acknowledgments

    8.8 References

    9. Nature of Inherited Nematode Resistance in Plants

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Some Examples of Inherited Nematode Resistance in Plants

    9.3 Attractiveness to Resistant and Susceptible Plants

    9.4 Differences in Structural Changes between Resistant and Susceptible Plants

    9.5 Some Biochemical Differences between Resistant and Susceptible Plants

    9.6 Phenols and Phenolic Compounds in Nematode Resistance

    9.7 Growth Hormones in Relation to Resistance

    9.8 Phytoalexins and Toxins in Nematode Resistance

    9.9 Nature of Nematode Resistance

    9.10 Acknowledgments

    9.11 References

    10. Aphid Probing and Feeding, Electronic Monitoring, and Plant Breeding

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 The Host-Parasite Relationship

    10.3 Electronic Monitoring Systems

    10.4 Interpretation of the Readout

    10.5 Mechanisms of Resistance

    10.6 Breeding for Plant Resistance to Aphids

    10.7 Summary

    10.8 Acknowledgments

    10.9 References

    11. The ESS of an Aphid Pathosystem

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Plant Pathosystems

    11.3 The Wild Pathosystem Model

    11.4 The Crop Pathosystem

    11.5 References

    12. Control of Vector-Borne Mycoplasmas

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Breeding for Resistance to Mycoplasmas

    12.3 Control of Vector Populations

    12.4 Mycoplasma Antibiotics

    12.5 Heat Therapy

    12.6 Surgery

    12.7 Screens

    12.8 Mycoplasma Viruses for Mycoplasma Control

    12.9 Cross-Protection (Strain Interference)

    12.10 Toxin Antimetabolites

    12.11 Altering Vector Feeding by Alien Mycoplasmas

    12.12 Induced Mycoplasma Mutations for Cross-Protection and Vector Control

    12.13 Conclusions

    12.14 Acknowledgments

    12.15 References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 322
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273488

About the Editors

Kerry F. Harris

Karl Maramorosch

Professor Karl Maramorosch works at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA

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