Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123264404, 9781483273488

Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases

1st Edition

Approaches to Control

Editors: Kerry F. Harris Karl Maramorosch
eBook ISBN: 9781483273488
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1982
Page Count: 322
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Description

Pathogens, Vectors, and Plant Diseases: Approaches to Control is a collection of papers that discusses how vector host interactions, vector ecology, and disease epidemiology can be applied to disease prevention and control. The book deals with innovative strategies pertaining to control of vector-borne viruses and viral infections in plants. One paper discusses nonpesticidal control of vector-borne viruses including soil solarization that uses solar energy for crop protection, and insect sterilization through radiation, chemosterilants or genetic modifications. Another paper discusses chemicals that interfere with nucleic acid and protein synthesis; as these interactions pose no hazards to animal (mammals), the chemicals are suitable for controlling viral diseases. One author examines the use of oil sprays and reflective surfaces as a means of controlling plant viruses transmitted by insects. In the United States, the entry of vector-borne plant pathogens is controlled by plant quarantine. One author lists several ways in effective quarantine procedures, as well as, the safe importation of potential vectors as cultures. This book is suitable for environmentalists, biologists, conservationists, agriculturists, botanists, and researchers in botany and plant genealogy.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1. Nonpesticidal Control of Vector-Borne Diseases

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Evasive Measures

1.3 Repellence by Reflective Surfaces

1.4 Sticky Yellow Traps

1.5 Barriers and Bafflers

1.6 Soil Solarization

1.7 Biological and Integrated Control of Vectors

1.8 Some Concluding Remarks

1.9 Acknowledgments

1.10 References

2. Chemotherapy of Plant Viruses and Virus Diseases

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Earlier Searches for Chemotherapeutants

2.3 Test Methods

2.4 Pyrimidines and Purines

2.5 Antibiotics

2.6 Hormones

2.7 Fungicides

2.8 Herbicides

2.9 Chemotherapy of Animal Viruses

2.10 Discussion

2.11 References

3. Control of Whitefly Vectors of Viruses by Color Mulches

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Effect of Mulches on Whitefly Populations and Virus Spread

3.3 Effect of Mulches on Whitefly Behavior

3.4 Whitefly Vision

3.5 Discussion and Conclusion

3.6 Acknowledgments

3.7 References

4. Chemical Control of Nematode Vectors

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Fumigant Nematicides

4.3 Nonfumigant Nematicides

4.4 References

5. Use of Oil Sprays and Reflective Surfaces for Control of Insect-Transmitted Plant Viruses

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Reflective Surfaces

5.3 Oil Sprays

5.4 Conclusions and Discussion

5.5 References

6. Controlling Seed and Insect-Borne Viruses

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Control of Virus Diseases at the Field Level

6.3 Control of Virus Diseases at the Regional Level

6.4 Control of Virus Diseases at the International Level

6.5 Conclusion

6.6 Acknowledgments

6.7 References

7. The Host as a Vector: Exclusion as a Control

7.1 Introduction

7.2 A Review of Exclusion Methods and Procedures

7.3 Measuring, on a Worldwide Basis, the Use of Exclusion as a Control

7.4 The Biological Basis of Exclusion of Hosts, Pests, and Pathogens

7.5 References

8. Plant Quarantine Problems in Preventing the Entry into the United States of Vector-Borne Plant Pathogens

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Entry of Potential Vectors

8.3 Information Necessary for Quarantine Decisions Concerning Vectors

8.4 Approaches to Prevent the Introduction of Potential Vectors with Imported Cargo

8.5 Approaches for the Safe Importation of Potential Vectors as Cultures

8.6 Current Approach to the Exclusion of Vectors

8.7 Acknowledgments

8.8 References

9. Nature of Inherited Nematode Resistance in Plants

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Some Examples of Inherited Nematode Resistance in Plants

9.3 Attractiveness to Resistant and Susceptible Plants

9.4 Differences in Structural Changes between Resistant and Susceptible Plants

9.5 Some Biochemical Differences between Resistant and Susceptible Plants

9.6 Phenols and Phenolic Compounds in Nematode Resistance

9.7 Growth Hormones in Relation to Resistance

9.8 Phytoalexins and Toxins in Nematode Resistance

9.9 Nature of Nematode Resistance

9.10 Acknowledgments

9.11 References

10. Aphid Probing and Feeding, Electronic Monitoring, and Plant Breeding

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The Host-Parasite Relationship

10.3 Electronic Monitoring Systems

10.4 Interpretation of the Readout

10.5 Mechanisms of Resistance

10.6 Breeding for Plant Resistance to Aphids

10.7 Summary

10.8 Acknowledgments

10.9 References

11. The ESS of an Aphid Pathosystem

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Plant Pathosystems

11.3 The Wild Pathosystem Model

11.4 The Crop Pathosystem

11.5 References

12. Control of Vector-Borne Mycoplasmas

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Breeding for Resistance to Mycoplasmas

12.3 Control of Vector Populations

12.4 Mycoplasma Antibiotics

12.5 Heat Therapy

12.6 Surgery

12.7 Screens

12.8 Mycoplasma Viruses for Mycoplasma Control

12.9 Cross-Protection (Strain Interference)

12.10 Toxin Antimetabolites

12.11 Altering Vector Feeding by Alien Mycoplasmas

12.12 Induced Mycoplasma Mutations for Cross-Protection and Vector Control

12.13 Conclusions

12.14 Acknowledgments

12.15 References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
322
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273488

About the Editor

Kerry F. Harris

Karl Maramorosch

Professor Karl Maramorosch works at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA