Oxidative Damage to Plants

Oxidative Damage to Plants

Antioxidant Networks and Signaling

1st Edition - January 29, 2014

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  • Editor: Parvaiz Ahmad
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128004609

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With contributions that review research on this topic throughout the world, Oxidative Damage to Plants covers key areas of discovery, from the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROSs), their mechanisms, quenching of these ROSs through enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, and detailed aspects of such antioxidants as SOD and CAT. Environmental stress is responsible for the generation of oxidative stress, which causes oxidative damage to biomolecules and hence reduces crop yield. To cope up with these problems, scientists have to fully understand the generation of reactive oxygen species, its impact on plants and how plants will be able to withstand these stresses.

Key Features

  • Provides invaluable information about the role of antioxidants in alleviating oxidative stress
  • Examines both the negative effects (senescence, impaired photosynthesis and necrosis) and positive effects (crucial role that superoxide plays against invading microbes) of ROS on plants
  • Features contributors from a variety of regions globally


Researchers, academics and students in plant ecophysiology, plant biochemistry, plant molecular biology, plant pathology, environmental sciences, and agronomy.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication




    List of Contributors

    Chapter 1. Reactive Oxygen Species and Photosynthesis

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Photosynthesis: Light Reactions

    1.3 Photosynthesis: Carbon reactions and Photorespiration

    1.4 Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)

    1.5 Protection of Photosynthetic Plants against Ros

    1.6 Redox and ROS Signaling

    1.7 ROS Metabolism in Photosynthesizing Organisms: From an Evolutionary Point of View

    1.8 Conclusions


    Chapter 2. Reactive Oxygen Species and Plant Hormones

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 ROS in Plant Signaling

    2.3 ROS and Hormone Signaling in Seed Germination

    2.4 ROS, Hormones, and Abiotic Stresses

    2.5 Conclusions



    Chapter 3. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants: An Overview

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Abiotic Stress Factors and Oxidative Stress

    3.3 Antioxidative Responses, Stress Tolerance in Plants

    3.4 SOD and Abiotic Stress Factors

    3.5 Conclusions



    Chapter 4. Catalase: A Versatile Antioxidant in Plants

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Oxidative Stress

    4.3 H2O2 An Effective Ros Produced in Plants: Production and Toxicity

    4.4 Antioxidant System Against H2O2

    4.5 Catalase: A Potent Antioxidant in Plants

    4.6 Conclusions



    Chapter 5. Role of Glutathione in Abiotic Stress Tolerance

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Plants Under Various Abiotic Stresses

    5.3 Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses

    5.4 Glutathione

    5.5 Changes of Glutathione Content in Various Plants Under Abiotic Stress

    5.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 6. Glutathione Metabolism in Plants under Environmental Stress

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Glutathione and Photo-Oxidative Stress

    6.3 Glutathione and Heavy Metals

    6.4 Detoxification of Toxic Substances

    6.5 Glutathione-Mediated Tolerance in Plants

    6.6 Glutathione Biosynthetic Pathway and Its Regulation

    6.7 GSH Homeostasis-Transport

    6.8 Conclusions



    Chapter 7. Nonenzymatic Antioxidants in Plants

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Formation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in Abiotic Stress in Plants

    7.3 Nonenzymatic Antioxidants in Plants

    7.4 Role of Nonenzymatic Antioxidants Under Various Stresses

    7.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 8. Ascorbic Acid: A Potent Defender Against Environmental Stresses

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Chemistry

    8.3 Biosynthesis of Ascorbic Acid

    8.4 Regulatory Mechanism of Synthesis

    8.5 Catabolism of Ascorbic Acid

    8.6 Abiotic Stresses, Oxidative Damage and Antioxidants Including Ascorbic Acid

    8.7 Functions of Ascorbic Acid

    8.8 Role Of AsA in Defending Against the Abiotic Stresses

    8.9 Transgenics for Ascorbate Metabolism Under Abiotic Stress

    8.10 Transgenics for Ascorbic Acid

    8.11 Conclusions


    Chapter 9. Carotenoids Involved in Antioxidant System of Chloroplasts

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Chemical Structure of Carotenoids and their Antioxidant Properties

    9.3 Photoprotective Role of β-Carotene in Photosynthetic Reaction Center

    9.4 Photoprotective Role of Xanthophyll Cycle Pigments

    9.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 10. Lipophilic Molecules as a Part of Antioxidant System in Plants

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 ROS Production Sites in Chloroplasts

    10.3 Effect of Different Abiotic Factors on ROS Production and Oxidative Stress

    10.4 Characterization of Structure, Biosynthesis and Function of Prenyllipids Occurring in Chloroplasts (Tocochromanols, Plastoquinol)

    10.5 Antioxidant Function of Prenyllipids in Chloroplasts

    10.6 Involvement of ROS and Lipophilic Antioxidants in Signaling Network

    10.7 Conclusions


    Chapter 11. Drought Stress Induced Oxidative Damage and Antioxidants in Plants

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 ROS Generation in Cell

    11.3 Nonenzymatic Antioxidants

    11.4 Enzymatic Antioxidants

    11.5 Proteomics Under Drought Stress

    11.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 12. Antioxidant Enzymes: Defense against High Temperature Stress

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Acclimative Response to Heat Stress

    12.3 Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Stress

    12.4 Antioxidant Enzymes: Active Oxygen Species Defense Systems

    12.5 Antioxidant Signaling: Unraveling the Tapestry of Networks

    12.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 13. Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants in Response to Pathogens and Wounding

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Reactive Oxygen Species

    13.3 Antioxidants in Response to Pathogen and Wounding

    13.4 Enzymatic Antioxidants in Plant-Pathogen Interaction

    13.5 Nonenzymatic Antioxidants

    13.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 14. Role of Ascorbate Peroxidase in Postharvest Treatments of Horticultural Crops

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Machinery

    14.3 Characteristics of Ascorbate Peroxidase

    14.4 The Role of Ascorbate Peroxidase

    14.5 Environmental Stress and Postharvest Produce

    14.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 15. Mycorrhizal Association and ROS in Plants

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Ros Observation in Mycorrhizal Associations

    15.3 Mycorrhizas and Ros Burst

    15.4 Mycorrhizas and Antioxidant Enzymes

    15.5 Mycorrhizas and Antioxidants

    15.6 Conclusions



    Chapter 16. Proline Protects Plants Against Abiotic Oxidative Stress: Biochemical and Molecular Mechanisms

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Pathways of Proline Biosynthesis and Degradation

    16.3 Proline Accumulation and Abiotic Stress Tolerance

    16.4 ROS Formation Under Abiotic Stress

    16.5 ROS Scavenging and Detoxification

    16.6 Function of Proline in Stress Resistance

    16.7 Molecular Mechanisms of Quenching ROS by Proline Under Stress

    16.8 Exogenous Proline Enhances Oxidative Stress Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses

    16.9 Higher Endogenous Proline Accumulation and Abiotic Oxidative Stress Tolerance

    16.10 Modulation of ROS and Methylglyoxal Detoxification Systems by Exogenous Proline Induces Oxidative Stress Tolerance

    16.11 Proline-Accumulating Transgenic Plants and Abiotic Oxidative Stress Tolerance

    16.12 Proline-Enhanced Tolerance to Abiotic Oxidative Stress

    16.13 Proline Content as an Indicator for Breeding

    16.14 Conclusions


    Chapter 17. Trace Elements Tolerance Modulated by Antioxidant System in Plants

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Trace Elements and Plants

    17.3 Trace Elements and Seed Germination

    17.4 Trace Elements and Seedling Establishment

    17.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 18. Plant Signaling under Environmental Stress

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Stress and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Signaling

    18.3 Stress and Reactive Oxygen Species and Redox Signaling

    18.4 Stress and Hormonal Signaling

    18.5 Stress and Role of miRNAs and siRNAs

    18.6 Stress and Plant Proteomics

    18.7 Conclusions


    Chapter 19. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) Generation, Scavenging and Signaling in Plants

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 The Generation of H2O2

    19.3 Removal of H2O2

    19.4 H2O2 as a Signaling Molecule

    19.5 Conclusions


    Chapter 20. Role of ROS as Signaling Molecules in Plants

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Ros Generation and Detoxifying in Plant Cells

    20.3 Ros as Signaling Molecules

    20.4 Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: January 29, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128004609

About the Editor

Parvaiz Ahmad

Dr. Parvaiz Ahmad is the Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Botany at Sri Pratap College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He completed his postgraduate education in Botany in 2000 at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. After receiving a Doctorate degree from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, India, he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi, in 2007. His main research area is Stress Physiology and Molecular Biology. He has published more than 35 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and 29 book chapters. He is also an Editor of 12 volumes (1 with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., New Delhi, India, 8 with Springer NY USA and 3 with Elsevier). He is a recipient of the Junior Research Fellowship and Senior Research Fellowship by CSIR, New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz has been awarded the Young Scientist Award under the Fast Track scheme in 2007 by the Department of Science and Technology, of the Government of India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physio-biochemical responses of different agricultural and horticultural plants under environmental stress.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India

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