Organization and Assembly of Plant and Animal Extracellular Matrix

Organization and Assembly of Plant and Animal Extracellular Matrix

1st Edition - August 28, 1990

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  • Editor: W. Steven Adair
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153225

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Organization and Assembly of Plant and Animal Extracellular Matrix presents a state-of-the-art view of some of the experimental systems in plant and animal matrix biology. It discusses certain principles underlying establishment of complex three-dimensional architecture cross broad evolutionary boundaries. The opening chapter reviews studies on the cellular mechanisms responsible for storage, release, assembly, and function of extracellular matrices during early sea urchin development. The subsequent chapters describe the structure, assembly, disassembly, and molecular biology of the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cell wall. The chapters also summarize the status of work on basement membrane assembly. Important insights into approaches to identify critical molecular domains and the complexity of relating defined molecular associations to establishment of matrix architecture are provided. A family of discovered cell wall genes that encode protein products containing up to 70% glycine is presented in Chapter 4. This is followed by a discussion on the role of alginate self-assembly in cell wall formation in Fucus. The book goes on to address the issue of protein-carbohydrate recognition with a detailed discussion of plant and animal lectins. Chapter 7 tackles a family of genes encoding higher plant hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs) and the relationship between the HRGP genes cloned and their products. The final two chapters are devoted to one of the most important classes of protein modifying enzymes for extracellular matrix formation and function, the prolyl hydroxylases. This book will be of help to workers in plant and animal matrix in understanding information, approaches, and ideas that they may not normally encounter.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    The Ontogenetic Appearance Of Extracellular Matrix During Sea Urchin Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Compartmentalization of Extracellular Matrix in the Oocyte

    III. Movement of Vesicles before and after Fertilization

    IV. Polarization of Cells in ECM Component Release.

    V. Hyaline Layer Requirement for Blastocoel Formation

    VI. Hyaline Layer Support of Morphogenetic Movements at Mesenchyme Blastula and Gastrula Stages

    VII. Basal Lamina as a Substrate for Morphogenesis


    The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Cell Wall: Structure, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Cell Wall

    III. Ultrastructure and Biochemistry of the Inner Cell Wall

    IV. Use of Wall-Degrading Enzymes to Elucidate Cell Wall Architecture

    V. Chlamydomonas Wall-Degrading Enzymes

    VI. Organization and Assembly of the Outer Cell Wall

    VII. Molecular Biology of Chlamydomonas HRGPs

    VIII. Relationship to Higher Plant HRGPs

    IX. Relationship to Animal ECM


    Assembly of Basement Membrane Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Basement Membrane Proteins

    III. Interactions between Basement Membrane Macromolecules

    IV. The Assembly Process


    The Glycine-Rich Cell Wall Proteins of Higher Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Cell Wall Proteins of Higher Plants

    III. Amino Acid Structure of the GRPs

    IV. Transcriptional Expression of GRPs

    V. Gene Products of the fbGRP1.8 and ptGRPl Genes

    VI. Function of the fbGRPl .8 Gene Product

    VII. Evidence for the Presence of Expressed GRPs in Diverse Plant Species

    VIII. Summary


    A Gelling Carbohydrate in Algal Cell Wall Formation

    I. Introduction

    II. Plant and Animal Acidic Polysaccharides in Extracellular Matrix

    III. Cell Wall Formation in the Fucus Zygote

    IV. The Relationship between Alginate Structure and Function

    V. Alginate Synthesis

    VI. Alginate in Rapid Wall Assembly

    VII. Alginase in Germination

    VIII. Developmental Control of Gelation

    IX. Conclusions


    Plant And Animal Lectins

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution

    III. Molecular Properties

    IV. Gene Organization and Expression

    V. Biological Functions

    VI. Conclusions


    Molecular Biology of Plant Cell Wall Hyroxyproline-Rich Glycoproteins Lycoproteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Molecular Biology of the Extensins

    III. Molecular Biology of Other Hydroxyproline-Proline-Rich Proteins

    IV. Conclusions and Speculations

    V. References

    Plant Prolyl Hydroxylase

    I. Introduction

    II. Assaying Prolyl Hydroxylase

    III. Isolating Prolyl Hydroxylase from Plant Sources .

    IV. Properties of Plant Prolyl Hydroxylases

    V. Localization of Prolyl Hydroxylase Activity in Plant Cells


    Hydroxyproline-Containing Proteins and their Hydroxylations by Genetically Distinct Prolyl 4-Hydroxylases

    I. Occurrence of Peptide-Bound Hydroxyproline

    II. Hydroxylation of Prolyl Residues

    III. Prolyl Hydroxylases

    IV. Substrate Specificity for Prolyl Hydroxylases

    V. Purification and Molecular Properties of Prolyl Hydroxylases

    VI. Cloning of Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase

    VII. Physiological Significance of Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase



Product details

  • No. of pages: 380
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1990
  • Published: August 28, 1990
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153225

About the Editor

W. Steven Adair

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