Organic Chemistry Concepts

Organic Chemistry Concepts

An EFL Approach

1st Edition - October 15, 2014

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  • Authors: Gregory Roos, Cathryn Roos
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128018095
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128016992

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Organic Chemistry Concepts: An EFL Approach provides an introductory overview of the subject, to enable the reader to understand many critical, experimental facts. Designed to cover a single-semester course or a needed review on the principles of Organic Chemistry, the book is written and organized for readers whose first language is not English. Approximately 80% of the words used are drawn from the list of the 2,000 most common English words; the remaining 20% includes necessary technical words, common chemistry terms, and well-known academic words (per the Academic Word List). The book has been class-tested internationally as well as with native English speakers, and differs from other introductory textbooks in the subject both in its coverage and organization, with a particular focus on common problem areas.Focused on a limited number of functional classes, Organic Chemistry Concepts: An EFL Approach introduces those organic compounds early in the book. Once readers have a foundation of the concepts and language of organic chemistry, they can build from that knowledge and work with relatively complex molecules, such as some natural product types covered in a later chapter. The book describes basic level reaction mechanisms when instructive, and illustrations throughout to emphasize the 3D nature of organic chemistry. The book includes multiple pedagogical features, such as chapter questions and useful appendices, to support reader comprehension.

Key Features

  • Covers all primary concepts in accessible language and pedagogical features, worked examples, glossary, chapter questions, illustrations, and useful summaries
  • Builds a foundation of key material through a structured framework from which readers can expand their understanding
  • Contains class-tested content written in a straightforward and accessible manner for non-native English speakers


ESL chemists and chemistry students in the US and internationally, chemistry professors

Table of Contents

    • Preface
    • How to Use This Book
    • Self-Learning Programs
    • Chapter 1. Organic Structures
      • 1.1. What Is Organic Chemistry?
      • 1.2. What Makes Carbon Special?
      • 1.3. Molecules, Formulae, and Structures
      • 1.4. Bonds and Shape: The Hybridization Model
      • 1.5. Polar Bonds and Electronegativity
      • 1.6. Forces between Molecules
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 2. Functional Classes I, Structure and Naming
      • 2.1. Drawing and Naming Molecules
      • 2.2. Saturated Hydrocarbons
      • 2.3. Simple Unsaturated Hydrocarbons (Alkenes and Alkynes)
      • 2.4. Complex Unsaturated Systems (Polyenes and Aromatics)
      • 2.5. Alkyl Halides
      • 2.6. Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, and Their Sulfur Equivalents (Thiols and Thioethers)
      • 2.7. Amines
      • 2.8. Compounds with Carbonyl Groups
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 3. Isomers and Stereochemistry
      • 3.1. What Are Isomers?
      • 3.2. Structural Isomers
      • 3.3. Conformational Isomers
      • 3.4. Geometric (Cis-Trans) Isomers
      • 3.5. Configurational Isomers
      • 3.6. Summary of Isomer Relationships
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 4. Resonance and Delocalization
      • 4.1. What Is Resonance?
      • 4.2. Drawing Useful Resonance Structures
      • 4.3. Using Curly Arrows to Count Electrons
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 5. Reactivity: How and Why
      • 5.1. Why Do Reactions Occur?
      • 5.2. Bond Breaking and Making
      • 5.3. Reactive Species
      • 5.4. Reaction Types
      • 5.5. Reaction Mechanism: the Path from Reactant to Product
      • 5.6. Reaction Energy
      • 5.7. Organic Redox Reactions
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 6. Acids and Bases
      • 6.1. Why are Acids and Bases Important?
      • 6.2. General Definitions
      • 6.3. Acidity of Carboxylic Acids
      • 6.4. General Functional Group Acidity
      • 6.5. General Functional Group Basicity
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 7. Functional Classes II, Reactions
      • 7.1. Functional Group Interconversions
      • 7.2. Alkanes
      • 7.3. Alkenes
      • 7.4. Alkynes
      • 7.5. Alkyl Halides
      • 7.6. Alcohols and Ethers
      • 7.7. Aldehydes and Ketones
      • 7.8. Carboxylic Acids and Acyl Derivatives
      • 7.9. Amines
      • 7.10. Aromatic Compounds
      • Questions and Programs
    • Chapter 8. Natural Product Biomolecules
      • 8.1. What Are Biomolecules?
      • 8.2. Carbohydrates
      • 8.3. Lipids
      • 8.4. Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
      • 8.5. Nucleic Acids
      • Questions and Programs
    • Appendices
    • Solutions
    • Glossary of Technical Definitions
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 236
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: October 15, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128018095
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128016992

About the Authors

Gregory Roos

Gregory Roos
Greg Roos’ formal education comprised of a BSc (1971), BSc Honours (1972), and PhD in Organic Synthesis (1976) from the University of Cape Town. A postdoctoral fellowship with Richard Cookson at the University of Southampton was followed by a few years of pharmaceutical industrial experience. His fulltime academic career involved the University of Natal, South Africa (1981-1994), Murdoch University, Australia (1994-1997), and an extended period in the Middle East, including Sultan Qaboos University, Oman (1998-2004) and The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi (2004-2008). He has successfully taught across various cultures and has received awards for his teaching contributions and innovations. Since 2009, as an adjunct Professor at Murdoch University, he shares his time between Australia and Dubai.

His research interests have focused on the development of synthetic methodology, with particular interest in asymmetric processes. This provided numerous publications in the areas of the Baylis-Hillman reaction, imidazolidinone chiral auxiliaries, and dirhodium catalyst development and applications. This period also included a number of productive collaborative visits with Tony McKervey (University College Cork & Queen’s University, Belfast), C. K. Sha (Shin Hua University, Taiwan), Mike Doyle (Trinity University, San Antonio), and Ron Warrener (CQU Rockhampton, Queensland). In 2001 he received the Merck Gold Medal for research from the South African Chemical Institute.

Affiliations and Expertise

Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia

Cathryn Roos

Cathryn Roos
Cathryn Roos holds a Master's degree in Curriculum from the University of Toronto, a Certificate of TESL from Carleton University, and an undergraduate degree in Anthropology at the University of Manitoba. She is currently an English language instructor at Zayed University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Previously, she worked at the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi, Sultan Qaboos University in Oman, and the Toronto Board of Education in Canada. She has also taught in Japan and Nigeria. Throughout her career working with English language learners of various cultures, she has developed language learning materials and curricula tailored for disciplines such as engineering, general science, early childhood education, office skills, and computer applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Zayed University, Dubai, UAE

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