Oral Delivery of Insulin

Oral Delivery of Insulin

1st Edition - September 15, 2014

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  • Authors: T A Sonia, Chandra P Sharma
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781907568473
  • eBook ISBN: 9781908818683

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Description

Diabetes Mellitus, a syndrome of disordered metabolism, characterised by abnormal elevation in blood glucose level, has become a life-threatening condition for many people. Current means of therapy for Diabetes Mellitus do not mimic the normal physiological pattern of insulin release. Oral delivery is the preferred route of administration due to its non-invasive nature. Oral delivery of insulin presents an overview of Diabetes Mellitus, and discusses the strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulin. This title begins with an introductory chapter on symptoms, complications and therapy for Diabetes Mellitus. Subsequent chapters cover the various routes for administering insulin; the challenges and strategies of oral delivery; experimental techniques in the development of an oral insulin carrier; lipids; inorganic nanoparticles and polymers in oral insulin delivery; and a summary and presentation of future perspectives on oral delivery of insulin.

Key Features

  • Presents an overview of Diabetes Mellitus
  • Includes a discussion of various strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulin
  • Presents an update of research in the field

Readership

Scientists, researchers and students in the field of Medical sciences.

Table of Contents

    • List of figures and tables
      • Figures
      • Tables
    • About the authors
    • 1: Diabetes mellitus – an overview
      • Abstract
      • 1.1 Diabetes mellitus – an introduction
      • 1.2 Glucose homeostasis
      • 1.3 Types of diabetes
      • 1.4 Symptoms of diabetes
      • 1.5 Complications of diabetes
      • 1.6 Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
      • 1.7 Therapy for diabetes
      • 1.8 Non-insulin treatment options of type 1 diabetes
      • 1.9 Treatment options of type 2 diabetes
      • 1.10 Conclusion
    • 2: Routes of administration of insulin
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Current approach for the delivery of insulin
      • 2.2 Routes of administration of insulin
      • 2.3 Conclusion
    • 3: Oral insulin delivery – challenges and strategies
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Oral delivery of insulin
      • 3.2 Barriers to oral delivery of insulin
      • 3.3 Strategies and alternatives to improve oral insulin delivery
      • 3.4 Conclusion
    • 4: Experimental techniques involved in the development of oral insulin carriers
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 Polymeric nanoparticles
      • 4.3 Physicochemical characterization of nanoparticles
      • 4.4 Biological evaluation
      • 4.5 In vitro method for assessing drug permeability
      • 4.6 In vivo study of oral insulin
      • 4.7 Biodistribution studies
      • 4.8 Conclusion
    • 5: Lipids and inorganic nanoparticles in oral insulin delivery
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Lipid-based systems for oral delivery of insulin
      • 5.2 Liposomes
      • 5.3 Solid lipid nanoparticles
      • 5.4 Nanostructured lipid carriers
      • 5.5 Niosomes
      • 5.6 Archaeosomes
      • 5.7 Cubic nanoparticles (cubosomes)
      • 5.8 Aquasomes
      • 5.9 Inorganic nanoparticles as carriers for oral insulin delivery
      • 5.10 Conclusion
    • 6: Polymers in oral insulin delivery
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 Characteristics of an ideal oral insulin carrier
      • 6.3 Polymers in oral insulin delivery
      • 6.4 Natural polymers
      • 6.5 Synthetic polymers
      • 6.6 Conclusion
    • 7: Summary and future perspectives for oral insulin delivery
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Technologies developed for clinical applications of oral insulin delivery
      • 7.3 Conclusions and future perspectives
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 290
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2014
  • Published: September 15, 2014
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781907568473
  • eBook ISBN: 9781908818683

About the Authors

T A Sonia

T. A. Sonia is a doctoral student working in the field of development of polymeric nano/micro particles for oral delivery of insulin under the guidance of Dr Chandra P Sharma at Biosurface Technology Division, Biomedical Technology Wing, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science & Technology, Kerala, India. She completed her graduate studies in Polymer Science from School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science & Technology, Kerala, India.

Chandra P Sharma

Chandra P. Sharma iChandra P. Sharma is Adjunct Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, and Hon. Emeritus Professor, College of Biomedical Engineering & Applied Sciences, Purbanchal University, Nepal. He was formerly Senior Scientist, G and Head, Biomedical Technology Wing, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Trivandrum and has been Head, Biosurface Technology Division, SCTIMST, Trivandrum. He has also been Associate Head, Biomedical Technology Wing, and Associate Dean, SCTIMST Trivandrum. He has been recognized with various awards and honors such as MRSI medal (1994) and MRSI-ICSC Superconductivity & Materials Science Annual Prize Award 2009 - Materials Research Society of India, Distinguished Scientist award - Society for Biomaterials and Artificial Organs, India (SBAOI) and shares Whitaker and National Science Foundation Award - International Society for Artificial Organs (ISAO) USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, and Hon. Emeritus Professor, College of Biomedical Engineering and Applied Sciences, Purbanchal University, Nepal

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