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Optimization Models for Rail Car Fleet Management - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128151549, 9780128151556

Optimization Models for Rail Car Fleet Management

1st Edition

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Authors: Milos Milenkovic Nebojsa Bojovic
Paperback ISBN: 9780128151549
eBook ISBN: 9780128151556
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 7th September 2019
Page Count: 283
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Description

Optimization Models for Rail Car Fleet Management represents the result of multi-year efforts to provide readers with insights into one of the most important areas of railway transport management. The book covers mathematical procedures for the effective and efficient utilization of railway freight cars, developed models for optimization methods, heterogeneity and partial substitutability of freight cars, research and development in rail freight car fleet management models, and the stochastic and dynamic nature of the supply, demand and traveling time of freight cars, among other topics.

Key Features

  • Summarizes the authors past research efforts in the field of rail freight car fleet management
  • Presents various approaches that include the application of a variety of optimization techniques
  • Contains centralized, decentralized, distributed perspectives considered under the assumption of deterministic, stochastic, fuzzy and fuzzy stochastic parameters

Readership

Transportation Engineers, Traffic Engineers, Traffic System Designers, and Highway Engineers as well as undergraduate and graduate students in these fields

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1 Problem statement
1.2 Main objectives
1.3 Structure of the book

2. Review of the models for rail freight car fleet management
2.1 Operational models
2.1.1 Empty freight car inventory management problems
2.1.2 Empty freight car distribution
2.1.2.1 Deterministic approaches
2.1.2.2 Stochastic approaches
2.1.2.3 Hybrid approaches
2.1.3 Freight car pooling concept
2.1.4 Combined allocation of empty and loaded cars
2.2 Tactical and strategic models for freight car management
2.2.1 Service network design problem
2.2.2 Demand estimation
2.2.2.1 Models for production and attraction
2.2.2.2 Distribution models
2.2.2.3 Models for modal split
2.2.2.4 Assignment models
2.2.3 Rail freight car fleet sizing models

3 Centralized and decentralized Model for empty freight car scheduling
3.1 Characteristics of decentralized managerial-control functions in the process of empty freight car allocation
3.2 Centralized network model
3.3 Solution method of triaxial transportation problem
3.4 Decentralization of the main managerial functions in the empty car allocation process
3.5 Decentralized terminal model of empty freight car allocation
3.6 Validation of proposed model

4. Fuzzy multiobjective rail freight car fleet composition
4.1 The best rail freight car fleet mix problem
4.1.1 Classification of freight cars
4.1.2 Utilization of freight cars according to their characteristics
4.1.3 Proposed problem solution
4.1.3.1 The selection of relevant criteria
4.1.3.2 Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
4.1.3.3 Theoretical basics of AHP
4.1.3.4 Mathematical basics of AHP
4.1.3.5 Fuzzy extension of AHP method
4.1.4 Fuzzy AHP method for the best rail freight car fleet mix problem
4.2 The best rail freight car fleet size problem
4.2.1 Theoretical foundations of the problem solution
4.2.2 Fuzzy multi-objective linear programming
4.2.3 Statement and solution of the problem

5. Fuzzy random model for rail freight car fleet management based on optimal control theory
5.1 Fuzzy preliminaries
5.1.1 Fuzzy sets
5.1.2 Fuzzy numbers
5.1.3 Triangular fuzzy matrices
5.1.4 The main features of triangular fuzzy matrices
5.1.5 Inverse triangular fuzzy matrices
5.1.6 Defuzzification of triangular fuzzy numbers
5.1.7 Fuzzy random variables
5.2 Fuzzy stochastic model for rail freight car fleet sizing and allocation
5.2.1 Model parameters
5.2.2 Objective functional
5.2.3 Problem constraints
5.2.4 Fuzzy state vector estimation
5.2.5 Proposed approach for solving the problem based on the fuzzy linear quadratic Gaussian regulator
5.2.6 The components of weighting matrices A, B and L
5.2.7 Choosing the components of the fuzzy weighting matrix
5.3 Numerical experiments
5.4 Comparative analysis of the results of the fuzzy random and random model

6. Stochastic model for heterogeneous rail freight car fleet management based on the model predictive control
6.1 Discrete time MPC framework for rail freight car fleet sizing and allocation problem
6.2 Design variables
6.3 System performance measure and constraints
6.4 State vector estimation
6.5 Forecasting the state of rail freight cars by Arima-Kalman method
6.5.1 Components of weighted matrices A, B and L
6.5.2 The components of matrix
6.6 MPC controller
6.6.1 Optimization problem
6.6.2 Detailed description of the MPC approach
6.6.3 Numerical experiments

7. Distributed and decentralized approaches for rail freight car management
7.1 Distributed model predictive rail freight car management
7.1.1 Problem description
7.1.2 Cooperative model predictive control for freight car flow planning
7.2 Decentralized model predictive rail freight car management
7.3 Numerical example

8. Conclusions
References

Details

No. of pages:
283
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2020
Published:
7th September 2019
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128151549
eBook ISBN:
9780128151556

About the Authors

Milos Milenkovic

Milos Milenkovic is Assistant Professor at The Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia and Research Fellow at the MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program, Zaragoza, Spain. Dr. Milenkovic has a Ph.D. degree of Technical Sciences in the field of Traffic and Transportation with a focus on rail freight car scheduling and fleet sizing problems, Magisterial degree of Technical Sciences with a focus on train dispatching problems and M.Sc. degree based on railway related intelligent transportation systems from the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia. Dr. Milenkovic´s main research areas are mathematical optimization, model predictive control theory, time series analysis, project management and engineering economy with a special focus on transport related applications. He was engaged as the member of editorial board of a number of scientific conferences and also as a reviewer of a number of prestigious peer-reviewed journals, like ”Transportation Research Part C”, ”Transportation Research Part E”, ”Applied Mathematical Modelling”, “International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems” and others. During his career Dr Milenkovic published more than fifty papers in journals as well as on scientific conferences. Dr. Milenkovic has also been employed for two years in Public Enterprise ”Serbian Railways” as a leading engineer for traffic organization and timetable construction.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, The Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia and Research Fellow, MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program, Zaragoza, Spain

Nebojsa Bojovic

Nebojša Bojović is Full Professor and Dean at the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade. Serbia. His professional expertise, research and teaching interests include Applications of Operations Research, Information Systems and Control Theory in Transportation Systems with particular emphasis on: Rail freight car fleet sizing, Railway vehicle routing and scheduling, Risk management, and Project management. He is author of 4 monographs, 2 chapters in international monographs, over 30 scientific publications bridge appeared in international journals, as well as over 70 papers presented at international and national conferences. His professional engagement include membership in Euro Working Group on Transportation, Euro Working Group on Multicriteria Decision Aiding, Academy of Engineering Sciences of Serbia, Board of Directors of the Serbian Tariffs Association, Yugoslav Society of Operational Research, Yugoslav Association for Project Management. He was a member of the Organizational and Scientific Committees at 5 international scientific conferences. He is also representative of the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering within the international associations European Association for Research in Transportation (hEART) and EUropean Rail Research Network of Excellence (EURNEX). He is a reviewer in number of high-ranked international journals, such as: Transportation Research Part B, Transportation Research Part E, European Journal of Operational Research, Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory and other.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia

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