Optical System Design

Optical System Design

1st Edition - November 1, 1983

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  • Author: Rudolf Kingslake
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141109

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Optical System Design covers the basic knowledge of optics and the flow of light through an optical system. This book is organized into 16 chapters that deal with various components of an optical system, from light and images to spectroscopic apparatus. The book first discusses the simple components of an optical system, including its light, lens, oblique beams, and photochemical aspects. It then deals with the system’s projection, plane mirrors, prisms, magnifying instruments, and telescope. Other components considered are the surveying instruments, mirror imaging systems, photographic optics, and spectroscopic apparatus. This book is of value to undergraduate students with courses in geometrical optics and system design.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Optical Systems

    I. Design and Production

    II. Optical Materials

    III. Lens Manufacture

    2. Light and Images

    I. The Nature of Light

    II. The Law of Refraction

    III. A Perfect Optical System

    IV. Lens Aberrations

    V. Fiber Optics

    3. Ray-Tracing Procedures

    I. Types of Rays

    II. Graphical Ray Tracing

    III. Meridional Ray Tracing

    IV. Paraxial Rays

    V. Curved Mirrors

    VI. Magnification and the Lagrange Theorem

    VII. The Fresnel Lens

    4. The Gaussian Theory of Lenses

    I. Introduction

    II. The Four Cardinal Points

    III. Conjugate Distance Relationships

    IV. A Single Lens

    V. Longitudinal Magnification

    VI. The Scheimpflug Condition

    VII. Focometry

    VIII. Autofocus Mechanisms

    5. Multilens Systems

    I. Graphical Construction of an Image

    II. Ray Tracing Through a System of Separated Thin Lenses

    III. Two Thin Lenses with a Real Object and Real Image

    IV. The Matrix Approach to Paraxial Rays

    V. Cylindrical Lenses

    6. Oblique Beams

    I. Meridional Rays

    II. The Iris and Pupils of a Lens

    III. Paraxial Tracing of an Oblique Beam

    7. The Photometry of Optical Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Photometric Definitions

    III. Photometric Properties of Plane Surfaces

    IV. Photometric Measuring Instruments

    V. The Flux Emitted by a Plane Source

    VI. Illuminance Due to a Circular Source

    VII. Illumination in an Optical Image

    8. Projection Systems

    I. A Self-Luminous Object

    II. An Illuminated Object

    III. Projection Screens

    IV. Stereoscopic Projection

    V. Contour Projectors

    9. Plane Mirrors and Prisms

    I. Right- and Left-Handed Images

    II. Rotating Mirrors

    III. Multiple Mirror Systems

    IV. Reflecting Prisms

    V. Image Rotators

    VI. Prismatic Image Erectors

    10. The Eye as an Optical Instrument

    I. Dimensions

    II. The Properties of Vision

    III. Spectacle Lenses

    IV. Stereoscopic Vision

    11. Magnifying Instruments

    I. The Simple Magnifier

    II. The Compound Microscope

    III. Abbe Theory of Microscope Vision

    IV. Microscopy of Transparent Objects

    12. The Telescope

    I. Fundamental Properties

    II. Eyepieces

    III. Erecting Telescopes

    IV. Other Types of Telescopes

    V. Astronomical Telescopes

    13. Surveying Instruments

    I. Classes of Surveying Instruments

    II. Rangefinders

    III. An Axicon

    14. Mirror Imaging Systems

    I. Single-Mirror Systems

    II. Two-Mirror Systems

    III. Coma Correction

    IV. Obstruction

    15. Photographic Optics

    I. Perspective Effects in Photography

    II. Focusing on a Near Object

    III. Depth of Focus and Depth of Field

    IV. The Theory of Tilted Planes

    V. Special Purpose Lenses

    VI. Types of Zoom Lenses

    VII. Specifying a Photographic Objective

    VIII. Panoramic or Slit Cameras

    IX. Motion-Picture Systems

    16. Spectroscopic Apparatus

    I. Dispersing Prisms

    II. Diffraction Gratings


Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: November 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141109

About the Author

Rudolf Kingslake

Rudolf Kingslake (1903-2003) was a founding faculty member of the Institute of Optics at The University of Rochester (1929) and remained teaching until 1983. Concurrently, in 1937 he became head of the lens design department at Eastman Kodak until his retirement in 1969. Dr. Kingslake published numerous papers, books, and was awarded many patents. He was a Fellow of SPIE and OSA, and an OSA President (1947-48). He was awarded the Progress Medal from SMPTE (1978), the Frederic Ives Medal (1973), and the Gold Medal of SPIE (1980).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Rochester, NY, USA

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