Zuckerman received his Ph.D. in psychology from New York University, Graduate School of Arts and Science in 1954 with a specialization in clinical psychology. After graduation, he worked for three years as a clinical psychologist in state hospitals in Norwich, Connecticut and Indianapolis, Indiana. While in the latter position the Institute for Psychiatric Research was opened in the same medical center where he was working as a clinical psychologist. He obtained a position there with a joint appointment in the department of psychiatry. This was his first interdisciplinary experience with other researchers in psychiatry, biochemistry, psychopharmacology, and psychology.
His first research areas were personality assessment and the relation between parental attitudes and psychopathology. During this time, he developed the first real trait-state test for affects, starting with the Affect Adjective Check List for anxiety and then broadening it to a three-factor trait-state test including anxiety, depression, and hostility (Multiple Affect Adjective Check List). Later, positive affect scales were added.
Toward the end of his years at the institute, the first reports of the effects of sensory deprivation appeared and he began his own experiments in this field. These experiments, supported by grants from NIMH, occupied him for the next 10 years during his time at Brooklyn College, Adelphi University, and the research labs at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia. This last job was his second interdisciplinary experience working in close collaboration with Harold Persky who added measures of hormonal changes to the sensory deprivation experiments. He collaborated with Persky in studies of hormonal changes during experimentally (hypnotically) induced emotions.
During his time at Einstein, he established relationships with other principal investigators in the area of sensory depr
Researchers and academics in cognitive science.
Part I. Historical Perspectives on the Biological Bases of Personality. Impulsivity and Sensation Seeking: A Historical Perspective on Current Challenges. (E.S. Barratt, L.F. Orozco-Cabal, F.G. Moeller. On Personality and Arousal: A Historical Perspective on Eysenck and Zuckerman. (R.M. Stelmack). Warsaw Studies on Sensation Seeking. (J. Strelau, M. Kaczmarek). Part II. On the Identification and Structure of Personality Factors. The Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire: Origin, Development, and Validity of a Measure to Assess an Alternative Five-Factor Model of Personality. (J. Joireman, D.M. Kuhlman). On the Alternative Five-Factor Model: Structure and Correlates. (P. Schmitz). Investigating the ZKPQ-III-R: Psychometric Properties, Relations to the Five-Factor Model, and Genetic and Environmental Influences on its Scales and Facets. (A. Angleitner, R. Riemann, F. Spinath). How the Impulsiveness and Venturesomeness Factors Evolved after the Measurement of Psychoticism. (S.B.G. Eysenck). Stability of Personality Across the Life Span: A Meta-analysis. (P.G. Bazana, R.M. Stelmack). The Genetic Basis of Substance Abuse: Mediating Effects of Sensation Seeking. (A.M. Johnson and P.A. Vernon). Part III. Personality and Social Behavior. Personality and Leisure Activity: Sensation Seeking and Spare-Time Activities. (A. Furnham). Sensation Seeking and Participation in Physical Risk Sports. (M. Gomà-i-Freixanet). Personality Traits, Disorders, and Substance Abuse. (S.A. Ball). Personality and Risky Behavior: Communication and Prevention. (L. Donohew, M.T. Bardo, and R.S. Zimmerman). Part IV. Biological Bases of Personality. Neuroticism from the Top Down: Psychophysiology and Negative Emotionality. (G.D. Matthews). The Multilevel Approach in Sensation Seeking: Potentials and Findings of a Four-Level Research Program. (B. Brocke). On the Psychophysiology of Extraver
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University of Ottawa, Canada
"An excellent overview to bring students and researchers of personality up to speed on psychobiology of personality." - PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, Vol 39. Issue 4, 2005.