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Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present.
- Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas.
- Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation.
- Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces.
- Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2)
hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants.
- Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.
petroleum geologists, chemical engineers, petroleum engineers, natural gas engineers and managers, natural gas operators, process engineers, and any personnel/graduate-level students learning and researching about gas hydrates
- List of Videos
- Chapter One. Introduction
- 1.1 The mystique of gas hydrates
- 1.2 Gas hydrates, a basic molecular structure found in nature
- 1.3 Seafloor hydrate structures
- 1.4 Timeline of gas hydrate research and development projects
- 1.5 Early estimates of worldwide hydrate gas
- 1.6 Petroleum systems approach to estimating hydrate gas
- 1.7 Estimated regional in-place hydrate gas
- 1.8 Estimates of recoverable hydrate gas
- 1.9 Energy needs compared with gas hydrate supply
- Chapter Two. Deep Ocean Sediment–Hydrate Relationships
- 2.1 Determining origin of hydrate-occluded gases
- 2.2 Wipeout zones
- 2.3 Morphologies of seafloor hydrates
- 2.4 Physical properties of sediment matrix influence hydrates
- 2.5 Determining the hydrate zone
- Chapter Three. Gulf of Mexico, Thermobiogenic Hydrates
- 3.1 Geologic origins significant to gas hydrate accumulations
- 3.2 Salt tectonic effects
- 3.3 Loop currents and temperatures at water column bottom
- 3.4 Gulf of Mexico conventional drilling and infrastructure
- 3.5 Origins of Gulf of Mexico hydrate gas
- 3.6 BSRs in Gulf of Mexico
- 3.7 Satellite locating gas hydrates
- 3.8 Near-surface gas hydrates
- 3.9 Joint Industry Program
- 3.10 Alaminos Canyon
- Chapter Four. Producing Methane from Offshore Hydrates
- 4.1 Potential production methods
- 4.2 Categorizing gas hydrate reservoirs
- 4.3 Reservoir characteristics impacting production
- 4.4 Historical hydrate-gas production in the Arctic
- 4.5 Production methods for hydrate gas
- 4.6 Simulations of hydrate production according to class, type, method
- 4.7 Economics of hydrate-gas production
- 4.8 Storing and transporting produced methane
- 4.9 Anomalous stability of gas hydrates at 1 atm
- Chapter Five. Hydrate Inhibition During Drilling and Production
- 5.1 Chemical inhibition to prevent hydrate formation
- 5.2 Thermodynamic inhibitors
- 5.3 Kinetic hydrate inhibitors
- 5.4 Antifreeze proteins
- 5.5 Microbial cell walls as inhibitors
- 5.6 Antiagglomerate inhibitors
- Chapter Six. Hydrate-Associated Seafloor Instabilities
- 6.1 Hydrate dissociation hazards in oilfield operations
- 6.2 Marine slides on continental slopes
- 6.3 Pockmarks, gas chimneys, seafloor instability
- 6.4 Mud volcanoes, gas hydrates, seafloor instability
- 6.5 Gas plumes
- 6.6 Case study: gas hydrate involvement in Lake Nyos disaster
- Chapter Seven. Biogenic Hydrate Provinces
- 7.1 Comparison of biogenic gas hydrate provinces
- 7.2 Blake Ridge and Carolina Rise
- 7.3 Cascadia margin subduction zone
- 7.4 Nankai Trough
- 7.5 Other countries developing gas hydrate reserves
- Chapter Eight. Microbe, Mineral Synergy, and Seafloor Hydrate Nucleation
- 8.1 Synthetic surfactants as laboratory hydrate nucleating agents
- 8.2 Biosurfactants as seafloor hydrate nucleating agents
- 8.3 Seafloor synergy of hydrates/minerals/bioproducts
- 8.4 Microbial survival within hydrate mass
- 8.5 Magnetic properties of hydrate zones
- 8.6 Microbial effects on memory of seafloor hydrate re-formations
- Chapter Nine. Hydrate Zone Ecology
- 9.1 Seafloor gas venting
- 9.2 Sources of venting gases
- 9.3 Microbes affect gas hydrates in deep ocean sediments
- 9.4 Chemosynthetic communities
- 9.5 Carbonate deposits
- Chapter Ten. Martian Hydrate Feasibility: Extending Extreme Seafloor Environments
- 10.1 Introduction
- 10.2 Atmospheric composition
- 10.3 Surface temperatures and pressures on Mars
- 10.4 Martian water
- 10.5 Unconsolidated minerals and solids (regolith)
- 10.6 Topographical features
- 10.7 Potential hydrate stability at Martian conditions
- 10.8 Methane on Mars
- 10.9 Feasible hydrate–microbe associations
- 10.10 Summary
- Subject index
- No. of pages:
- © Gulf Professional Publishing 2016
- 18th August 2015
- Gulf Professional Publishing
- Paperback ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Rudy Rogers, Professor Emeritus in Chemical Engineering at Mississippi State University, holds BS, MS, and PhD degrees in Chemical Engineering from the University of Arizona and the University of Alabama. Beginning in 1977, Dr. Rogers spent thirty-three years teaching petroleum engineering and chemical engineering at MSU, including eight years as Petroleum Engineering Chairman. During twenty yearsof gas hydrate research, he garnered nearly two million dollars of grants, participated in four scientific cruises to the Gas Hydrate Observatory in the Gulf of Mexico, received three U.S. patents, authored fifteen hydrate papers in peer-reviewed journals, gave over thirty presentations on gas hydrates as author or coauthor at national and international conferences, had numerous hydrate publications in proceedings, and introduced a senior/graduate-level hydrate course.
Professor Emeritus in Chemical Engineering at Mississippi State University
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