Nutrition A Comprehensive Treatise: Macronutrients and Nutrient Elements - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123956552, 9780323145763

Nutrition A Comprehensive Treatise: Macronutrients and Nutrient Elements

1st Edition

Macronutrients and Nutrient Elements

Editors: George H. Beaton
eBook ISBN: 9780323145763
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 566
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Description

Nutrition, Volume 1: Micronutrients and Nutrient Elements discusses the metabolism, requirements, and manifestations of deficiency of the individual nutrients. This book explains the factors affecting food choice in humans and discusses as well the patterns of food use in many areas of the world. Organized into nine chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the various factors involved in determining the food intake behavior of humans. This text then explores the classification, composition, and dietary role of carbohydrates and fats in human nutrition. Other chapters consider the structure, metabolism, and synthesis of proteins and essential amino acids. This book discusses as well the role of food in providing the energy requirement of the human body and explores underlying causes of the various nutrient deficiencies. The final chapter examines the relationship between magnesium metabolism and the function of the thyroid gland.
This book is a valuable resource for nutritional biochemists, nutritionists, teachers, graduate students, and research workers.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Contents of Volume II

Contents of Volume III

1. Regulation of Food Intake

I. Regulatory Mechanisms

II. The Role of the Hypothalamus

III. Glucostatic Component of Regulation of Food Intake

IV. Regulation of Body Weight: A "Lipostatic" Hypothesis

V. Other Factors

VI. Distinction between Metabolic and Regulatory Obesities: Experimental Examples

VII. Extension of These Concepts to Man

References

2. Carbohydrates and Fats

I. Introduction

II. Carbohydrates in Nutrition

III. Fats in Nutrition

References

3. Proteins

I. Introduction

II. Composition of Proteins

III. General Protein Metabolism

IV. Digestion of Proteins

V. Absorption: Amino Acid Transport

VI. Metabolism

VII. Essential Amino Acids

VIII. Methods of Estimating the Nutritive Value of Proteins

IX. Estimates of Minimal Protein Needs

X. Requirements of Essential Amino Acids

XI. Recommended Allowance for Proteins

XII. Protein Deficiency

XIII. Special Topics

References

4. Energy Metabolism

I. Introduction

II. Principles of Calorimetry

III. Methods of Experimentation

IV. The Disposal of Food Energy

V. Measurement of Nutritive Values

VI. Basal Metabolism

VII. Calorie Requirements

References

5. Calcium and Phosphorus

I. Anatomy and Pharmacology

II. Calcification

III. Metabolism

IV. Diets

V. Requirements

VI. Disorders of Calcium Metabolism

VII. Recapitulation of the Argument

References

6. Iron, Copper, and Cobalt

I. Function and Distribution of Iron

II. Variation of Body Iron with Age and Sex

III. Metabolism and Requirement

IV. Function and Distribution of Copper

V. Metabolism and Requirement

VI. Function of Cobalt

VII. Cobalt in Ruminant Nutrition

VIII. Cobalt in Nonruminant Nutrition

References

7. Iodine

I. Introduction

II. Occurrence of Iodine

III. Role of Iodine in Human Metabolism

IV. Iodine and the Etiology of Endemic Goiter

V. Pathological States Possibly Related to Iodine Deficiency

VI. Iodide in the Prevention of Goiter and Radioiodide Accretion

VII. Summary

References

8. Fluorine

I. Introduction and Historical Review

II. Natural Occurrence of Fluorine

III. Estimated Daily Intake of Fluorine

IV. Fluoride Metabolism

V. Toxicity of Fluorides

VI. Safety of Fluoridation

VII. Dental Aspects of Fluoridation

VIII. Is Fluorine an Essential Trace Element in Human Nutrition?

References

9. Magnesium

I. Introduction

II. Metabolism in Animals

III. Magnesium-Deficiency Syndrome

IV. Metabolism in Man

V. Summary

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
566
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323145763

About the Editor

George H. Beaton