Description

This vital reference is the only one-stop resource on how to assess, prevent, and manage severe nuclear accidents in the light water reactors (LWRs) that pose the most risk to the public. LWRs are the predominant nuclear reactor in use around the world today, and they will continue to be the most frequently utilized in the near future. Therefore, accurate determination of the safety issues associated with such reactors is central to a consideration of the risks and benefits of nuclear power. This book emphasizes the prevention and management of severe accidents to teach nuclear professionals how to mitigate potential risks to the public to the maximum extent possible.

Key Features

  • Organizes and presents all the latest thought on LWR nuclear safety in one consolidated volume, provided by the top experts in the field, ensuring high-quality, credible and easily accessible information
  • Explains how developments in the field of LWR severe accidents have provided more accurate determinations of risk, thereby shedding new light on the debates surrounding nuclear power safety, particularly in light of the recent tragedy in Japan 
  • Concentrates on prevention and management of accidents, developing methodologies to estimate the consequences and associated risks

Readership

Engineers in national safety authorities and supporting Technical Safety Organizations (TSOs); Engineers at nuclear plant utility companies; Plant Designers; Researchers in national laboratories and nuclear research institutes

Table of Contents

Preface

Contributors

Chapter 1. Light Water Reactor Safety

1.1. Introduction

1.2. The Early Days

1.3. The Development of Civilian LWRs

1.4. Early Safety Assesments

1.5. The Siting Criteria

1.6. Safety Philosophy

1.7. Safety Design Basis

1.8. Public Risk of Nuclear Power (WASH-1400)

1.9. The TMI-2 Accident

1.10. The Chernobyl Accident

1.11. The Difficult Years

1.12. Severe Accident Research

1.13. Severe Accident Management

1.14. The Fukushima Accidents

1.15. New LWR Plants

Chapter 2. In-Vessel Core Degradation

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Core Degradation in PWR

2.3. Accident Progression in the Lower Plenum

2.4. Lower Head Failure

2.5. High-pressure Accidents in PWR

2.6. Specific Features of BWR

2.7. VVER (Eastern PWR)

Chapter 3. Early Containment Failure

3.1. Hydrogen Behavior and Control in Severe Accidents

3.2. Direct Containment Heating (DCH)

3.3. Steam Explosion in Light Water Reactors

3.4. Integrity of Containment Structures

Chapter 4. Late Containment Failure

4.1. Debris Formation and Coolability

4.2. Corium Spreading

4.3. Corium Concrete Interaction and Basemat Failure

Chapter 5. Fission Product Release and Transport

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Fission Product Inventory and Variations

5.3. In-vessel Fission Product Release

5.4. Fission Product Transport in the Reactor Coolant System

5.5. Containment Bypass

5.6. Ex-vessel Fission Product Release

5.7. Fission Product Transport in Containment

Chapter 6. Severe Accident Management

6.1. Severe Accident Management Guidelines (SAMG)

6.2. Techniques Applied in Severe Accident Management Guidelines

Details

No. of pages:
740
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123919069
Print ISBN:
9780123884466
Print ISBN:
9780323164566

About the editor

Bal Raj Sehgal

Dr. Bal Raj Sehgal is recognized as one of the top‐tier nuclear scientists in the world. He has contributed to the fields of reactor safety, physics, and engineering for 40+ years, through his involvement in R&D at two major US national laboratories (Argonne and Brookhaven), the Electric Power Research Institute, Purdue University, MIT, University of California at Berkeley and the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology. He is internationally recognized for his research publications, and for his many contributions to the profession, particularly in the realm of light water reactor design and analysis. Dr. Sehgal was appointed as Chair Professor of Nuclear Power Safety at the Royal Institute of Technology in 1991, where he initiated and developed a large research program on reactor safety, which is supported by the US, Sweden, Finland, Switzerland and the EU, and is considered to be one of the finest in the world. For the past 22 years, Dr. Sehgal has been active in the "Severe Accident" area, managing projects at major players such as Westinghouse, and General Electric, and serving as a reviewer to NRC and the OECD (CSNI). Dr. Seghal has lectured extensively at conferences and institutions across the globe, from Sao Paolo and Stuttgart to Beijing and Kyoto. Prof. Sehgal is active in the nuclear power safety community in the US, Japan, Europe and Sweden. He has been invited to provide expert review of the technical aspects of research programs from Italy to the US and Russia, and has coordinated several very large European Union (EU) research programs. Prof. Sehgal has published extensively over his career, having produced more than 360 peer‐reviewed papers and reports in various esteemed journals and conference proceedings. He served as the North American Executive Editor of the Pergamon Press journal "Progress in Nuclear Energy," and currently serves on the Editorial Board of Elsevier’s journal, “Nuclear Engineering and Design”. He has been the recipient

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Chair Professor of Nuclear Power Safety, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden