Nuclear Reactions deals with the mechanisms of nuclear reactions and covers topics ranging from quantum mechanics and the compound nucleus to the optical model, nuclear structure and nuclear forces, and direct interactions. The structure of the atomic nucleus and capture of slow neutrons are also discussed, along with nuclear reactions at high energies, neutron capture and nuclear constitution, and elastic and inelastic diffraction scattering. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an overview of early successes and difficulties experienced by nuclear physics as a discipline, paying particular attention to early applications of quantum mechanics and reactions with neutrons. The next chapter explores the compound nuclear and considers the theory of Breit and Wigner, resonances in nuclear reactions, and the statistical model or compound nucleus model. The reader is methodically introduced to the optical model and elastic scattering experiments; nuclear structure and nuclear forces; and direct interactions. The remaining chapters look at the theory of the effect of resonance levels on artificial disintegration; fluctuations of nuclear reaction widths; scattering of high-energy neutrons by nuclei; and regularities in the total cross-sections for fast neutrons. This monograph will be a useful resource for nuclear scientists and physicists as well as undergraduate students who have taken a first course in quantum mechanics.
Chapter I Early Successes and Difficulties
1.1 Simple Quantitative Ideas
1.2 Early Applications of Quantum Mechanics
1.3 Reactions with Neutrons
Chapter II The Compound Nucleus
2.1 The Theory of Breit and Wigner
2.2 Resonances in Nuclear Reactions
2.3 Statistical Properties of Resonances
2.4 The Statistical Model
2.5 Mean Cross-sections: the Continuum Model
2.6 Experiments and Their Analysis up to 1952
Chapter III The Optical Model
3.1 The Explanation of Feshbach, Porter and Weisskopf
3.2 Elastic Scattering Experiments and Optical Model Fits
3.3 Particle Propagation in the Optical Model
Chapter IV Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Forces
4.1 Nuclear Matter
4.2 The Shell Model
4.3 Collective Models
Chapter V Direct Interactions
5.2 Inelastic Scattering
5.3 The (p,2p) Reaction
1. "Discussion on the Structure of Atomic Nuclei"
2. "The Theory of the Effect of Resonance Levels on Artificial Disintegration"
3. "Neutron Capture and Nuclear Constitution"
4. "Capture of Slow Neutrons"
5. "Fluctuations of Nuclear Reaction Widths"
6. "The Scattering of High-energy Neutrons by Nuclei"
7. "Regularities in the Total Cross-sections for Fast Neutrons"
8. "Model for Nuclear Reactions with Neutrons"
9. "Nuclear Reactions at High Energies"
10. "Angular Distribution in (d, p) and (d, n) Reactions"
11. "Elastic and Inelastic Diffraction Scattering"
12. "Information Obtainable from (p, 2p) Reactions"
- No. of pages:
- © Pergamon 1970
- 1st January 1970
- eBook ISBN: