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Developments in Economic Geology, 7: Nuclear Methods in Mineral Exploration and Production elaborates on the status of applicable nuclear techniques used in mineral exploration and production.
The selection first offers information on radiometric methods and X-ray analysis in mineral exploration. Discussions focus on gamma-ray spectrometry, radon detection, autoradiography of uranium and thorium, X-ray diffraction, and application of X-ray analysis. The text then examines X-ray fluorescence geochemical analysis on the surface of Mars and radioactivation methods, as well as nuclear geochemical measurements of planetary surface; radioactivation methods for mineral exploration; and radioactivation sources. The publication takes a look at nuclear well logging for petroleum and the potential of plowshare for resource development. Topics include natural radiation, induced logs, description of potential applications related to energy resources, and obstacles to the development of a commercial plowshare program in the U.S. The selection is a dependable source of data for readers interested in the use of nuclear techniques in mineral production and exploration.
List of Contributors
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Radiometric Methods
The Gamma-Ray Spectrum
Autoradiography of Uranium and Thorium
The Fission-Track Method
Sampling and Analysis
Chapter 3. X-Ray Analysis in Mineral Exploration
X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis
Generation of X-Rays
Absorption and Secondary Fluorescence
Qualitative Fluorescence Analysis
Quantitative Fluorescence Analysis
Sample Preparation (Quantitative Analysis)
X-Ray Diffraction Analysis
X-Ray Diffraction Theory
Accuracy and Sensitivity
Application of X-Ray Analysis
Chapter 4. X-Ray Fluorescence Geochemical Analysis on the Surface of Mars
The Viking Mission to Mars
Designing an Instrument for Space
Previous Nuclear Geochemical Measurements of Planetary Surface
Methods of Data Interpretation
Chapter 5. Radioactivation Methods
Radioisotopic Neutron Sources
Accelerator Neutron Sources
Radioactivation Methods for Mineral Exploration
Significance of Borehole Analysis for Deposit Evaluation
Application of Radioactivation Methods
Ongoing and Future Developments
Chapter 6. Nuclear Well Logging for Petroleum
Natural Gamma-Ray Log
Induced Gamma-Ray Logs
Chapter 7. The Potential of Plowshare for Resource Development
Cavity and Chimney Formation
Radioactivity Production, Distribution, and Transport
Summary of PNE Contained Underground Experiments Conducted through 1975
Description of Potential Applications Related to Energy Resources
Excavation Experiments and Applications
Contained Experiments and Applications
Obstacles To The Development of a Commercial Plowshare Program in the U.S
Appendix. Fundamentals of Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Isotopes and Radioactivity
Properties Of Rays and Particles Emitted by Radionuclides
Alpha Radiation (A)
Gamma Rays (7)
Units of Radioactivity
Statistical Considerations in Measurement of Radioactivity
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 1977
- 1st January 1977
- eBook ISBN:
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