Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering

1st Edition

Editors: Ian Crossland
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090737
eBook ISBN: 9780857096388
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 21st September 2012
Page Count: 648
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

National Nuclear Laboratory

Part I: Introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle

Chapter 1: Nuclear power: origins and outlook


1.1 The rise of nuclear power: 1938 to 1970

1.2 The fall: 1970 to the mid-1990s

1.3 The resurgence: the mid-1990s to the present day

1.4 Future trends

Chapter 2: Radiological protection and the nuclear fuel cycle


2.1 Introduction

2.2 The international system of radiological protection

2.3 International safety standards

2.4 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safety requirements and guidance for radiation protection

2.5 Radiation protection in the nuclear fuel cycle

2.6 Conclusions and future trends

2.8 Appendix: Requirements of the International Basic Safety Standards relevant to radiological safety in the nuclear fuel cycle

Chapter 3: Safeguards, security, safety and the nuclear fuel cycle


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nuclear safeguards

3.3 Nuclear security

3.4 Nuclear safety

3.5 Conclusion and future trends

3.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Public acceptability of nuclear technology


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Historical background

4.3 Investigating determinants of acceptability of nuclear technology

4.4 Beyond an instrumental approach to public acceptability

4.5 Future trends

Chapter 5: The economics of nuclear power


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Levelised cost of electricity (LCOE)

5.3 Financing of NPPs

5.4 Conclusions

5.5 Future trends

Part II: Uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycles: materials mining, enrichment and fuel element design and fabrication

Chapter 6: Mining and milling of urani


The nuclear fuel cycle is characterised by the wide range of scientific disciplines and technologies it employs. The development of ever more integrated processes across the many stages of the nuclear fuel cycle therefore confronts plant manufacturers and operators with formidable challenges. Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering describes both the key features of the complete nuclear fuel cycle and the wealth of recent research in this important field.

Part one provides an introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle. Radiological protection, security and public acceptance of nuclear technology are considered, along with the economics of nuclear power. Part two goes on to explore materials mining, enrichment, fuel element design and fabrication for the uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycle. The impact of nuclear reactor design and operation on fuel element irradiation is the focus of part three, including water and gas-cooled reactors, along with CANDU and Generation IV designs. Finally, part four reviews spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering provides an important review for all those involved in the design, fabrication, use and disposal of nuclear fuels as well as regulatory bodies and researchers in this field.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive and holistic review of the complete nuclear fuel cycle
  • Reviews the issues presented by the nuclear fuel cycle, including radiological protection and security, public acceptance and economic analysis
  • Discusses issues at the front-end of the fuel cycle, including uranium and thorium mining, enrichment and fuel design and fabrication


Nuclear waste management professionals; Nuclear power operators; Nuclear metallurgists and radio-chemists; Governmental and regulatory bodies in the field of nuclear waste management; Researchers, scientists and academics in this field


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© Woodhead Publishing 2012
Woodhead Publishing
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About the Editors

Ian Crossland Editor

Dr Ian Crossland is the Director of Crossland Consulting Ltd. Dr Crossland has over 40 years experience in the UK nuclear power industry. He is an independent consultant for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as well as several national radioactive waste management bodies in Europe.

Affiliations and Expertise

Crossland Consulting, UK