Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization

Methods and Modelling Techniques

1st Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: P. Silvennoinen
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483145549

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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Optimization: Methods and Modelling Techniques discusses applicable methods for analysis of fuel cycle logistics and optimization and evaluation of the economics of various reactor strategies. The opening chapter covers the nuclear fuel cycle, while the next chapter tackles uranium supply and demand. Chapter 3 discusses basic model of the light water reactor (LWR). The fourth chapter talks about the resolution of uncertainties, and the fifth chapter discusses the assessment of proliferation risks. Chapter 6 covers multigoal optimization, while Chapter 7 deals with the generalized fuel cycle models. The eighth chapter covers reactor strategy calculations, whereas the last chapter discusses interface with energy strategy. The book will appeal to students of energy economics or of nuclear engineering.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Nuclear Fuel Cycle


    Nuclear Fuels

    Fuel Cycle Analysis

    Uranium Mining


    Separative Work

    Cost of Enriched Uranium

    Fuel Fabrication


    Spent Fuel Storage


    Conditioning and Disposal of Wastes

    Recycle Value of Plutonium

    LWR Recycle

    Market Value of Plutonium

    2. Uranium Supply and Demand


    Reasons for Uncertainty

    Uranium Resources

    Nuclear Capacity Projections

    Cost of Uranium

    Exhaustible Resource Model

    Cost Effects of the Exploration Activity

    Model equations

    Fitted Parameters

    Optimization Principle

    A Case Study

    Power Production Cost Elasticity

    Coupling to Global Nuclear Scenarios

    Simulation Principle

    Illustrative Global Scenarios

    3. Basic Model of the LWR Fuel Cycle


    Material Flow Model


    Model Equations

    Fuel Cycle Constraints

    Minimization of Fuel Cycle Costs

    Optimization Principle

    Unit Process Costs

    Treatment of Contract Terms

    Value of Spent Fuel

    A Case Study

    4. Resolution of Uncertainties


    Unit Cost Distributions

    Cost Uncertainty Parameters

    An Application to Reprocessing Cost

    Accumulation of Uncertainty in the Total Costs

    Convolution Method

    Arbitrary Probability Distributions

    Application to Spent Fuel Management Cost

    Advance Funding

    A Case Study

    5. Assessment of Proliferation Risks


    Source Materials

    Separated Plutonium

    Misuse of an Enrichment Facility

    Undeclared Enrichment Facility

    Undeclared Reprocessing Facility

    Separation of Pu from Mixed Oxide Fuel

    Assessment Criteria

    Outline of an Assessment Method

    Weighting the Criteria

    Pairwise Comparisons

    A Case Study

    Evaluation of the Risk Utility Components

    Cost and Time Criteria

    Other Criteria

    Case Study Continued

    Compound Risk Utility

    Utility Functions

    Fuzzy Integration

    Risk from an Entire Cycle

    6. Multigoal Optimization


    Independent Criteria

    Fuel Cycle Costs

    Cost Uncertainties

    Assurance of Supply

    Safety Considerations

    Proliferation Risk

    Use of Reference Objectives

    Reduction to Linear Programming

    Combined Objective Function

    Fuzzy Linear Programming

    Fuzzy Constraints

    A Case Study

    7. Generalized Fuel Cycle Models


    Coupled Uranium-Plutonium Cycles

    Model Description

    Unit Stages

    Material Flow Model

    Objective of Minimum Cost

    Scenario Study Revisited

    Sensitivity Analysis

    8. Reactor Strategy Calculations


    Basic Assumptions

    Simulation of Nuclear Power Programs

    Simulation Algorithm

    Calculation of Total Costs

    Cost Adjustments

    Economies of Size and Scale

    Inflation and Cost Escalation

    Supply Preferences

    Application of Dynamic Programming

    Optimization under Uncertainty

    Recursive Procedure

    Explicit Certainty Distributions

    A Case Study

    Fuzzy Dynamic Programming

    Deterministic Objective Function

    Treatment of Uncertainties

    9. Interface with Energy Strategy


    Global Bounds of Nuclear Capacity

    Energy Demand

    Share of Nuclear Power

    System Integration

    An Existing Plant Configuration

    Load Duration

    Model Equations

    Expansion of Generating Systems

    Epilogue; The Iterative Planning Process

    Appendix; Power Plant and Fuel Cycle

    Cost Data Base


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 138
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483145549

About the Author

P. Silvennoinen

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