Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

1st Edition

Transport and Rate Processes in Physical & Biological Systems

Authors: Yasar Demirel Yasar Demirel
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444508867
eBook ISBN: 9780080479729
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 22nd November 2002
Page Count: 420
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Description

The book begins with a brief review of equilibrium systems and transport and rate processes, then covers the following areas: theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipation function; entropy and exergy; analysis and case studies on using the second law of thermodynamics; economic impact of the nonequilibrium thermodynamics theory; analysis of transport and rate processes; membrane transport; dissipative structures and biological systems; and other thermodynamic approaches and extended nonequilibrium thermodynamics.

Key Features

· Summarizes new applications of thermodynamics as tools for design and optimisation · Covers second law and exergy analysis for sustainable development · Promotes understanding of the coupled phenomena of natural processes

Readership

For graduate students and researchers working in the following areas: physics, chemistry, biology, chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biomedical engineering.

Table of Contents

Preface

  1. Equilibrium Thermodynamics 1.1. Basic Definitions 1.2. Reversible and Irreversible Processes 1.3. Equilibrium 1.3.1. Fundamental Equations 1.3.2. Thermodynamic Equilibrium 1.4.1. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics 1.4.2. The First Law of Thermodynamics 1.4.3. The Second Law of Thermodynamics 1.4. Thermodynamic Laws 1.5. Entropy and Entropy Production 1.6. The Gibbs Equation 1.7. Equations of State 1.8. Thermodynamic Potentials 1.8.1. Cross Relations 1.8.2. Extremum Principles References
  2. Transport and Rate Processes Introduction 2.1. Nonequilibrium Systems 2.2. Kinetic Approach 2.3. Transport Phenomena 2.3.1. Momentum Transfer 2.3.2. Heat Transfer 2.3.3. Mass Transfer 2.4. The Maxwell-Stefan Equations 2.5. Transport Coefficients 2.6. Electric Charge Flow 2.7. The Relaxation Theory 2.8. Chemical Reactions 2.9. Coupled Processes References
  3. Linear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Introduction 3.1. Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium 3.2. Second Law of Thermodynamics 3.3. Phenomenological Equations 3.3.1. Flows and Forces 3.4. Curie-Prigogine Principle 3.5. Dissipation Function 3.6. Variation of Entropy Production References
  4. Balance Equations and Entropy Generation 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Entropy Generation Equation 4.1.1. The Mass Balance Equations 4.1.2. The Momentum Balance Equations 4.1.3. The Energy Balance Equations 4.1.4. The Entropy Balance Equations References
  5. Entropy and Exergy 5.1. Entropy 5.1.1. Entropy Balance 5.2. Exergy 5.2.1. Exergy Balance 5.2.2. Flow Exergy 5.2.3. Exergetic (Second Law) Efficiency 5.2.4. Chemical Exergy 5.2.5. Depletion Number Refe

Details

No. of pages:
420
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2002
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444508867
eBook ISBN:
9780080479729

About the Author

Yasar Demirel

Dr. Demirel graduated in 1975 from the Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey with Bsc and MSc degrees. He earned an ‘Advanced Chemical Engineering’ diploma from the UMIST, University of Manchester, UK in 1977, and a PhD degree in chemical engineering from the University of Birmingham, UK in 1981. He joined the faculty of the Çukurova University in Adana, Turkey as assistant professor, and promoted to associate professor in 1986. In 1993, he joined the faculty of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran Saudi Arabia where he was promoted to full professor in 2000. He carried out research and scholarly work at the University of Delaware between 1999 and 2001. He worked at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg as a visiting Professor between 2002 and 2006. Currently, he is on the faculty of the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Dr. Demirel has accumulated teaching and research experience over the years in diverse fields of engineering. He is the associate editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Thermodynamics and member of editorial board of International Journal of Exergy. Dr. Demirel authored and co-authored three books, two book chapters, and 120 research papers. The first edition of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics was published in 2002. After it was expanded to a graduate textbook, the second edition was published in 2007. His new book titled “Energy: Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation, and Coupling is in press. He has obtained several awards and scholarships, and presented invited seminars.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA

Yasar Demirel

Affiliations and Expertise

Virginia Tech, Virginia, USA

Reviews

The book begins with a brief review of equilibrium systems and transport and rate processes, then covers the following areas: theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics; dissipation function; entropy and exergy; analysis and case studies on using the second law of thermodynamics; economic impact of the nonequilibrium thermodynamics theory; analysis of transport and rate processes; membrane transport; dissipative structures and biological systems; and other thermodynamic approaches and extended nonequilibrium thermodynamics.