Nondestructive Activation Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444419422, 9780444597090

Nondestructive Activation Analysis, Volume 3

1st Edition

Editors: S. Amiel
eBook ISBN: 9780444597090
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1981
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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Irradiation

I. Introduction

II. Neutron Sources


Chapter 3. Measurement and Techniques

Section 1. Analysis of γ-Ray Spectra

I. Introduction

II. γ-Ray Spectra

III. Interferences

IV. Comparative Results


Section 2. X-Ray Spectrometry

I. General Considerations

II. Sensitivity

III. Advantages and Limitations

IV. Practical Applications


Section 3. Neutron Counting in Activation Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Delayed Neutron Emission

III. Photoneutron Emission

IV. Neutron Counting

V. Analytical Applications of Neutron Counting


Section 4. Measurement of Very Short-Lived Nuclides

I. Introduction

II. Equipment

III. Errors

IV. Applications

Section 5. Specific Counting Techniques

I. Coincidence Counting of Positron Annihilation Radiation

II. Measuring Beta Emitters by Cherenkov Radiation

III. Track-Etching Technique


Section 6. Prompt Techniques

I. Introduction

II. Prompt Capture Gamma-Rays

III. Prompt Gamma-Rays from Inelastic Scattering

IV. Prompt Gamma-Rays from Other Reactions

V. Prompt Charged Particles


Chapter 4. Manual and Computerized Data Processing in Activation Analysis

I. Introduction

II. Result Computation with NaI(T1) Data

III. Result Computation with Ge(Li) Data

IV. Recent Developments

V. Conference Proceedings


Chapter 5. Applications

Section 1. Biomedical Sciences

I. Introduction

II. General and Theoretical Considerations

III. In Vitro Analysis

IV. In Vivo Analysis

V. Conclusions


Section 2. Geo- and Cosmochemistry

I. Introduction

II. Useful Techniques

III. Geochemical Applications

IV. Cosmochemical Applications


Section 3. Applications of Trace Element Analysis to Studies of the Atmospheric Environment

I. Objectives of Environmental Measurement Programs

II. Atmospheric Environmental Studies

III. Studies of Atmospheric Transport of Pollutants to the Hydrosphere and Biosphere

IV. Summary and Conclusions

V. Acknowledgements


Section 4. High Purity Materials, Standards, and Reference Materials

I. High Purity Materials

II. Standards in Activation Analysis

III. Reference Materials


Section 5. Applications to Archaeology

I. Introduction

II. Provenience of Archaeological Findings


Section 6. Forensic Applications

I. Introduction

II. Determination of Trace Elements

III. Determination of Specific Elements

IV. Pattern Determination


Section 7. Industrial Applications of Nondestructive Activation Analysis

I. Introduction

II. On-Line Analysis

III. Off-Line Laboratory Batch Analysis

IV. Mineral Prospecting

V. Activable Tracers


Chapter 6. Appendix. Tables of Gamma-Fay Peaks Observed in Reactor Neutron Activation Analysis


Subject Index


Studies in Analytical Chemistry, 3: Nondestructive Activation Analysis focuses on the reactions, principles, methodologies, and approaches involved in nondestructive activation analysis.

The selection first offers information on irradiation, measurement and techniques, and manual and computerized data processing in activation analysis. Discussions focus on result computation with Nal(Tl) and Ge(Li) data, analysis of gamma-ray spectra, X-ray, spectrometry, neutron counting in activation analysis, neutron sources, and measurement of very short-lived nuclides. The book then examines applications, including biomedical sciences, geo- and cosmochemistry, applications of trace element analysis to studies of the atmospheric environment, and high purity materials, standards, and reference materials. The text discusses the applications of nondestructive activation analysis to archaeology, industry, and forensics.

The selection is a vital reference for researchers wanting to explore nondestructive activation analysis.


© Elsevier Science 1981
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:


@qu:I believe this book will be very useful to scientists who need a multielement analysis technique to solve their problems. @source: Analytical Chemistry

About the Editors

S. Amiel Editor