Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion

Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion

At Cornell University Ithaca, New York, August 27 to September 1, 1962

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Author: Unknown Author
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261577

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Description

Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion covers the proceedings of the Ninth Symposium (International) on Combustion, held at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York on August 27 to September 1, 1962, under the auspices of the Combustion Institute. The book focuses on the processes and reactions involved in combustion. The selection first offers information on flame strength of propane-oxygen flames at low pressures in turbulent flow and mixing and flow in ducted turbulent jets. Topics include radial profile of the jetting velocity, radial growth of the jet, and mixing zones of a ducted jet. The text then elaborates on turbulent flame studies in two-dimensional open burners; turbulent mass transfer and rates of combustion in confined turbulent flames; and flame stabilization in a boundary layer. The publication examines the theoretical study of properties of laminar steady state flames as a function of properties of their chemical components and spectra of alkali metal-organic halide flames. The text then takes a look at the thermal radiation theory for plane flame propagation in coal dust clouds; flame characteristics of the diborane-hydrazine system; and studies of the combustion of dimethyl hydrazine and related compounds. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the processes and reactions involved in combustion.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    The Combustion Institute

    1962 Symposium Subcommittees

    List of Authors

    Introduction

    Turbulent Gas Flames

    Flame Strength of Propane-Oxygen Flames at Low Pressures in Turbulent Flow

    Mixing and Flow in Ducted Turbulent Jets

    Turbulent Flame Studies in Two-Dimensional Open Burners

    Turbulent Mass Transfer and Rates of Combustion in Confined Turbulent Flames

    Laminar Gas Flames

    Further Study on Flame Stabilization in a Boundary Layer: A Mechanism of Flame Oscillations

    Flame Propagation in Laminar Boundary Layers

    On the Structure of Premixed and Diffusion Laminar Spherico-Symmetrical Flames

    A Theoretical Study of Some Properties of Laminar Steady State Flames as a Function of Properties of their Chemical Components

    High Temperature Spectroscopy

    Absorption Spectra at High Temperatures. I. The Ultraviolet Spectra of Shock- Heated Cis- and Trans-l ,2-Dichloroethylene

    Spectra of Alkali Metal-Organic Halide Flames

    Spectral Emissivity of the 4.3ì C02 Band at 1200°K

    The Emissivity of Luminous Flames

    The Thermal Radiation Theory for Plane Flame Propagation in Coal Dust Clouds

    Reaction Kinetics — I

    Flame Characteristics of the Diborane-Hydrazine System

    Magnesium-Oxygen Dilute Diffusion Flame

    Studies of the Combustion of Dimethyl Hydrazine and Related Compounds

    Thermal Decomposition of Wood in an Inert Atmosphere

    Isotopic Carbon as a Tracer in Combustion Research

    Reaction Kinetics — II

    The Kinetics of the Carbon Monoxide Flame Bands

    The Self-Inhibition of Gaseous Explosions

    A Shock Tube Study of Ignition of Methane-Oxygen Mixtures

    The Nature and Cause of Ignition of Hydrogen and Oxygen Sensitized by Nitrogen Dioxide

    Hydrogen-Oxygen Reaction

    Rates of Some Atomic Reactions Involving Hydrogen and Oxygen

    Kinetics in Hydrogen-Air Flow Systems: I. Calculation of Ignition Delays for Hypersonic Ramjets

    Kinetics in Hydrogen-Air Flow Systems: II. Calculation of Nozzle Flows for Ramjets

    Catalysis of Recombination in Nonequilibrium Nozzle Flows

    Energy Transfer from Hydrogen-Air Flames

    Detonation and Transition to Detonation

    On the Generation of a Shock Wave by Flame in an Explosive Gas

    Spherical Detonations of Acetylene^Oxygen-Nitrogen Mixtures as a Function of Nature and Strength of Initiation

    Direct Electrical Initiation of Freely Expanding Gaseous Detonation Waves

    The Growth and Decay of Hot Spots and the Relation Between Structure and Stability

    A Correlation of Impact Sensitivities by Means of the Hot Spot Model

    Combustion Instability

    Dynamic Characteristics of Solid Propellant Combustion

    Virtual Specific Acoustic Admittance Measurements of Burning Solid Propellant Surfaces by a Resonant Tube Technique

    An Experimental Study of the Aluminum Additive Role in Unstable Combustion of Solid Rocket Propellants

    Participation of the Solid Phase in the Oscillatory Burning of Solid Rocket Propellants

    Oscillatory Burning of Solid Composite Propellants

    Combustion Involving Solids

    On the Analysis of Linear Pyrolysis Experiments

    Deflagration Characteristics of Ammonium Perchlorate at High Pressures

    A Simple Theory of Self-Heating and its Application to the System Ammonium Perchlorate and Cuprous Oxide

    Turbulent Boundary Layer Combustion in the Hybrid Rocket

    An Aerothermochemical Analysis of Erosive Burning of Solid Propellant

    Miscellaneous Studies

    Drag Coefficients of Inert and Burning Particles Accelerating in Gas Streams

    Ignition of Mixtures of Coal Dust, Methane and Air by Hot Laminar Nitrogen Jets

    Discussion on Detonations

    Introduction

    Contribution to the Theory of the Structure of Gaseous Detonation Waves

    Determination of the Detonation Wave Structure

    Structure and Stability of the Square-Wave Detonation

    Reaction Zone and Stability of Gaseous Detonations

    Vibratory Phenomena and Instability of Self-Sustained Detonations in Gases

    Optical Studies of the Structure of Gaseous Detonation Waves

    General Discussions

    The Onset of Detonation in a Droplet Combustion Field

    Standing Detonation Waves

    The Initiation and Growth of Explosion in the Condensed Phase

    The Shock-to-Detonation Transition in Solid Explosives

    Shock Initiation of Granular Explosives Pressed to Low Density

    The Initiation of Detonation in Solid Explosives

    Theory of Initiation of Detonation in Solid and Liquid Explosives

    Discussion on Fundamental Flame Processes

    Some Remarks on the Theory of Flame Propagation

    Radical Concentrations and Reactions in a Methane-Oxygen Flame

    Some Observations on the Structure of a Slow Burning Flame Supported by the Reaction between Hydrogen and Oxygen at Atmospheric Pressure

    The Study of the Structure of Laminar Diffusion Flames by Optical Methods

    The Decomposition of Ethylene and Ethane in Premixed Hydrocarbon-Oxygen-Hydrogen Flames

    Some Observations on the Mechanism of lonization in Flames Containing Hydrocarbons

    Ion and Electron Profiles in Flames

    A Cyclotron Resonance Study of lonization in Low-Pressure Flames

    A Study of lonization in Cyanogen Flames at Reduced Pressures by the Cyclotron Resonance Method

    Fast Reactions of OH Radicals

    A Study of the Reaction of Potassium with CH3Br in Crossed Molecular Beams

    Atomic Flame Reactions Involving N Atoms, H Atoms and Ozone

    A Kinetic Study of Hydrocarbon-Oxygen-Nitrogen Flame Systems and Molecular Weights of Chain Carriers

    Combustion Studies of Single Aluminum Particles

    Theory of Transport Properties of Gases

    Rotational Relaxation and the Relation Between Thermal Conductivity and Viscosity for Some Nonpolar Polyatomic Gases

    Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Reactions of Flame Intermediates

    Colloquium on Chemical Reactions and Phase Changes in Supersonic Flow

    Introduction

    Rate and Radiative Transfer Processes During Flow in de Laval Nozzles

    Energy Transfer Processes and Chemical Kinetics at High Temperatures

    Chemical Reactions in Supersonic Nozzle Flows

    Complex Chemical Kinetics in Supersonic Nozzle Flow

    Condensation in Nozzles

    Gas Particle Nozzle Flows

    Magneto-Fluid-Dynamic Nozzle Flow

    Colloquium on Modeling Principles

    The Art of Partial Modeling

    The Size of Flames from Natural Fires

    Scale Effects on Propagation Rate of Laboratory Scale Crib Fires

    A Model Study of the Interaction of Multiple Turbulent Diffusion Flames

    Some Experiences in Gas Turbine Combustion Practice Using Water Flow Visualization Techniques

    Modeling of Double Concentric Burning Jets

    Application of the Water Traverse Technique to the Development of an Afterburner

    Similarity and Scale Effects in Ramjet Combustors

    Modeling Studies of Baffle-Type Combustors

    Examination of the Possibility of Predicting Reaction-Rate-Controlled Flame Phenomena by the Use of Cold Models

    Semitheoretical Considerations on Scaling Laws in Flame Stabilization

    Modeling Techniques in Reactor Design

    Flow Patterns in a Phase Change Rocket Combustion Model

    Modeling Techniques for Liquid-Propellant Rocket Combustion Processes

    Theoretical and Experimental Models for Unstable Rocket Combustor

    Scaling Problem Associated with Unstable Burning in Solid Propellant Rockets

    Colloquium on Reciprocating Engine Combustion Research

    Reciprocating Engine Combustion Research. A Status Report

    Knock Reaction

    Organolead Antiknock Agents—Their Performance and Mode of Action

    Combustion of Hydrocarbons Behind a Shock Wave

    Effect of Antiknocks on Flame Propagation in a Spark Ignition Engine

    Study of Burning Rate and Nature of Combustion in Diesel Engines

    Flame Studies by Means of Ionization Gap in a High-Speed Spark-Ignition Engine

    Classification of Fuels: Thermodynamic and Kinetic Properties in Otto Engines

    Index of Authors and Discussors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1118
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483261577

About the Author

Unknown Author

Dr. Sam Stuart is a physiotherapist and a research Fellow within the Balance Disorders Laboratory, OHSU. His work focuses on vision, cognition and gait in neurological disorders, examining how technology-based interventions influence these factors. He has published extensively in world leading clinical and engineering journals focusing on a broad range of activities such as real-world data analytics, algorithm development for wearable technology and provided expert opinion on technology for concussion assessment for robust player management. He is currently a guest editor for special issues (sports medicine and transcranial direct current stimulation for motor rehabilitation) within Physiological Measurement and Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, UK Honorary Physiotherapist, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, UK

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