New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Activation of Carbon Dioxide

1st Edition - July 11, 2013

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  • Editor: Steven Suib
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538833

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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes


Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents

  • Introduction


    Chapter 1. Catalytic Processes for Activation of CO2

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Reactions of CO2 with hydrogen

    1.3 CO2-assisted reactions

    1.4 CO2 insertion reactions

    1.5 Concluding remarks and outlook


    Chapter 2. Surface Science Studies of Carbon Dioxide Chemistry


    2.1 Introduction—why study CO2 adsorption on surfaces?

    2.2 Metal surfaces

    2.3 Metal oxides

    2.4 Non-metals

    2.5 Bimetallic systems

    2.6 Cluster systems

    2.7 Nanostructured catalysts

    2.8 Theoretical studies

    2.9 Appendix


    Chapter 3. Mechanistic Understanding of Catalytic CO2 Activation from First Principles Theory


    3.1 Background

    3.2 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on transition metal surface

    3.3 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on oxide supports

    3.4 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on oxide supported metal catalysts

    3.5 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 4. Catalytic Activation and Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Fuels/Value-Added Chemicals Through C—C Bond Formation


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Chemical activation of carbon dioxide

    4.3 Construction of C—C bond via carboxylation with carbon dioxide

    4.4 Conclusions and prospects


    Chapter 5. Catalytic Transformation of CO2 into Value-Added Organic Chemicals

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Synthesis of cyclic carbonate from CO2

    5.3 Synthesis of cyclic urea and cyclic urethane

    5.4 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 6. Application of Carbon Dioxide in Hydrogen Storage: Homogeneous Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide and Dehydrogenation of Formic Acid


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide

    6.3 Dehydrogenation of formic acid for hydrogen release

    6.4 Proof of concept

    6.5 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 7. Recent Advances on the Catalysts for Activation of CO2 in Several Typical Processes

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 CO2 reforming of methane

    7.3 Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes to olefins by CO2

    7.4 Catalytic reduction of CO2 to methanol


    Chapter 8. Catalytic Synthesis of CO Free Hydrogen

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 H2 from biomass

    8.3 Biological route

    8.4 Chemical route

    8.5 Purification of syngas for obtaining H2-rich stream

    8.6 Homogeneous catalysis for WGS

    8.7 Heterogeneous catalysis for WGS

    8.8 CeO2-based catalysts

    8.9 ZrO2-based catalysts

    8.10 TiO2-based catalysts

    8.11 Purification of exhaust streams


    Chapter 9. Transition-Metal-Catalyzed C—C Bond Forming Reactions with Carbon Dioxide

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Catalytic carboxylation of organometallic compounds

    9.3 Catalytic carboxylation of organic halides

    9.4 Direct carboxylation of C—H bonds

    9.5 Hydrogenative and alkylative carboxylation of unsaturated C—C bonds

    9.6 Catalytic boracarboxylation and silacarboxylation of alkynes

    9.7 Catalytic cyclization/carboxylation of olefins and alkynes

    9.8 Conclusion


    Chapter 10. Electro-Catalytic Reduction of Carbon Dioxide


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide on metals in aqueous and non-aqueous media

    10.3 Electro-reduction of carbon dioxide on metallic electrodes


    Chapter 11. Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane to Syngas over Mesoporous Material Supported Nickel Catalysts


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Application of mesoporous material supported Ni catalysts for methane reforming with CO2

    11.3 Conclusions


    Chapter 12. Chemical Functions of Dense Phase CO2 as Accelerator/Modifier in Organic Synthetic Reactions


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Chemical effects of CO2 on organic synthetic reactions in CXLs

    12.3 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 13. Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from Carbon Dioxide and Epoxides

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Applications of cyclic carbonates

    13.3 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using quaternary ammonium halide catalysts

    13.4 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using other nitrogen containing salts as catalysts

    13.5 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using other group V and VI salts as catalysts

    13.6 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using metal salts as catalysts

    13.7 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using metal oxide containing species as catalysts

    13.8 Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using metal complexes as catalysts

    13.9 Conclusions


    Chapter 14. Environmental Concerns Regarding CO2

    14.1 Global Carbon Cycle

    14.2 Climate Change and CO2 Emissions

    14.3 Global Warming Projections

    14.4 Environmental Concerns Associated with Global Climate Change

    14.5 Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 15. Catalyst Development for CO2 Activation to Produce Syn-Gas through CO2 Reforming of CH4: Mitigation of Carbon Formation on Ni-Based Catalysts


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Mitigation of catalytic carbon formation through catalyst development

    15.3 Development of bimetallic NiCoAlMgOx catalyst for CO2 reformingof CH4

    15.4 Concluding remarks


    Chapter 16. Carbon Dioxide as Soft Oxidant and Promoter in Oxidation Catalysis

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Carbon dioxide as Soft oxidant

    16.3 Carbon dioxide as promoter

    16.4 Conclusion


    Chapter 17. Biomimetic Approaches to Reversible CO2 Capture from Air. N-Methylcarbaminic Acid Formation in Rubisco-Inspired Models

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Biological CO2 Fixation and Biomimetic Approaches to CO2 Scrubbing

    17.3 Computational Methods

    17.4 Results and Discussion

    17.5 Conclusion and Outlook

    Supplementry data


    Chapter 18. CO2 Adsorption in Porous Materials


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Molecular Sieves Under Study

    18.3 Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide

    18.4 Controlling Factors for co2 Capture on Molecular Sieves


    Chapter 19. Carbon Dioxide Activation and Conversion

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Binding of CO2 by organometallics and beyond

    19.3 Analysis of CO2-based structures and intermediates

    19.4 Indirect activation modes in catalysis

    19.5 Direct metal-catalyzed conversions

    19.6 Activation and conversion of CO2 by organic molecules

    19.7 Outlook for CO2 catalysis


    Chapter 20. Photocatalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Fuels Using Layered Double Hydroxides Coupled with Hydrogen or Water


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 CO2 photoreduction with water using metal oxide and other semiconductor-type photocatalysts

    20.3 CO2 photoreduction with hydrogen using metal oxide-based and other semiconductor-type photocatalysts

    20.4 Syntheses and characterization of layered double hydroxides for CO2 photoreduction with hydrogen

    20.5 CO2 photoreduction with hydrogen using layered double hydroxides

    20.6 Conclusions


    Chapter 21. CO2 Capture by CaO-Based Sorbents and Sorption Enhanced Reaction Systems

    21.1 CO2 capture and storage: implementation and investments needed

    21.2 Technical solutions for CO2 capture

    21.3 Costs and efficiency of CCS techniques

    21.4 Focus: high temperature pre-combustion capture of CO2

    21.5 CO2 sorption at high temperature by solid adsorbents

    21.6 CO2 capture by CaO-based sorbents

    21.7 Process application of CaO looping cycle

    21.8 The carbonator/reformer

    21.9 The calciner/combustor

    21.10 Thermodynamic calculations

    21.11 The series reactors method

    21.12 Results and discussion

    21.13 Deactivating factors

    21.14 Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 658
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: July 11, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444538833

About the Editor

Steven Suib

Steve Suib is one of the leading figures in solid-state catalysis and renewable systems in the US. His 450 publications, 40 patents, and authorship on multiple books on the topic of catalysis is proof of this, as is his distinguished Professor status. He is also editor for Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, which puts him in a perfect position to keep abreast with current developments in the area.

He has been a prominent and prolific catalysis researcher for many years encompassing all aspects of the fields from synthesis, characterization, catalysis, to applications. He easily works in both basic fundamental academic research as well as applied industrial research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Board of Trustees Distinguished Professor, Director, Institute of Materials Science, University of Connecticut, USA His expertise is in the field of solid state inorganic chemistry including studies of zeolites and microporous materials; physical chemistry; environmental chemistry including green syntheses, heterogeneous catalysis; plasma chemistry and catalysis; semiconductors; inorganic photochemistry; photocatalysis; batteries; ceramics. Preparation and characterization of these systems using structural, crystallographic, surface, electrochemical, luminescence, microscopic and EPR techniques.

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