New and Future Developments in Catalysis

1st Edition

Activation of Carbon Dioxide

Print ISBN: 9780444538826
eBook ISBN: 9780444538833
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 29th July 2013
Page Count: 658
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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes.

This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes.

Key Features

  • Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas
  • A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case
  • Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes


Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemical engineers working in academic and government research; academics, research students, post graduate and graduate students in these areas of study; materials scientists, environmental engineers, biochemists, petroleum engineers, post graduate and research students in these areas

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. Catalytic Processes for Activation of CO2

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Reactions of CO2 with hydrogen

1.3 CO2-assisted reactions

1.4 CO2 insertion reactions

1.5 Concluding remarks and outlook


Chapter 2. Surface Science Studies of Carbon Dioxide Chemistry


2.1 Introduction—why study CO2 adsorption on surfaces?

2.2 Metal surfaces

2.3 Metal oxides

2.4 Non-metals

2.5 Bimetallic systems

2.6 Cluster systems

2.7 Nanostructured catalysts

2.8 Theoretical studies

2.9 Appendix


Chapter 3. Mechanistic Understanding of Catalytic CO2 Activation from First Principles Theory


3.1 Background

3.2 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on transition metal surface

3.3 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on oxide supports

3.4 CO2 activation and hydrogenation on oxide supported metal catalysts

3.5 Concluding Remarks


Chapter 4. Catalytic Activation and Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Fuels/Value-Added Chemicals Through C—C Bond Formation


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Chemical activation of carbon dioxide

4.3 Construction of C—C bond via carboxylation with carbon dioxide

4.4 Conclusions and prospects


Chapter 5. Catalytic Transformation of CO2 into Value-Added Organic Chemicals

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Synthesis of cyclic carbonate from CO2

5.3 Synthesis of cyclic urea and cyclic urethane

5.4 Concluding remarks


Chapter 6. Application of Carbon Dioxide in Hydrogen Storage: Homogeneous Hydrogenation of Carbon Dioxide


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© Elsevier 2013
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"One reason that carbon dioxide is a potent greenhouse gas is that the molecule is very stable, and if it could be made less so, it would be easier to bind and keep out of the atmosphere. Chemists and biochemists examine approaches and techniques for activating it using homogeneous or heterogeneous catalysis." --Reference & Research Book News, December 2013