Neuropsychology of Language, Reading and Spelling

Neuropsychology of Language, Reading and Spelling

1st Edition - December 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Ursula Kirk
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156684

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Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling explores the many neural systems and subsystems that contribute to the production and comprehension of oral and written language. This book is organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters that emerged from the 1980 International Conference on the Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling, sponsored by the Program in Neurosciences and Education at Teachers College, Columbia University. This conference highlights the neurological and behavioral interrelatedness of language, reading, and spelling. After briefly dealing with the cognitive and language development, as well as learning to read and to spell as instances of acquiring skill, this book goes on discussing the activity of the learner in the development skill, the influence of interacting forces in the developing nervous systems, and the role of peripheral mechanisms in the development of speech and language. A chapter examines the central integrative mechanisms, specifically the electrophysiological research with infants on the dependence of language perception on multidimensional, complexes processes, and not solely as a left- or right-hemisphere task. This chapter also provides evidence of discrete localization of language processes within the dominant hemisphere at both cortical and subcortical levels. The final four chapters are devoted to an analysis of developmental disorders from the varied perspectives of neurology, linguistics, neuropsychology, and education. This book will be of value to neuropsychologists and developmental biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    I. Neurodevelopmental Factors

    1 Introduction: Toward an Understanding of the Neuropsychology of Language, Reading, and Spelling

    Cognition, Problem Solving, and Acquiring Skill

    Cognition, Language, and Acquiring Skill

    Brain-Behavior Relationships



    2 Learning for Language and Language for Learning

    What Reading Requires

    Neuropsychological Implications


    3 Development of the Cerebral Mechanisms for Language

    Fundamental Principles

    Mechanisms for Language

    Active Coordination of Language in the Left Hemisphere of Commissurotomy Patients

    Prenatal Growth of the Hemispheres 55

    The Newborn Brain and Development in Infancy and Childhood

    Development of Cortical Language Zones

    Infants Perception of Persons and the Primary Motives for Communication



    II Peripheral Mechanisms

    4 Getting Ready to Talk: The Infant's Acquisition of Motor Capability for Speech

    Producing the Speech Signal

    Requirements for Speech



    5 Perceptual Prerequisites for Language Development

    Preliminary Investigations

    Further Investigations of Speech Perception



    III Central Mechanisms

    6 Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Processing of Speech Information in Infants and Adults: Suggestion of Differences in Development and Structure from Electrophysiological Research

    Voicing Contrasts

    Place of Articulation Contrasts

    Developmental Issues


    7 Interrelationships in the Brain Organization of Language-Related Behaviors: Evidence from Electrical Stimulation Mapping

    Lesion Studies: A Critique

    New Techniques

    Electrical Stimulation Mapping

    Electrical Stimulation Mapping: Results

    Interrelationship between Cortical and Thalamic Language Mechanisms

    Language Processes in the Nondominant Hemisphere



    IV Developmental Disorders

    8 Developmental Language Disorders: Nosologic Considerations

    Why a Nosology of DLD?

    Previous Attempts at Classification

    Brain-Behavior Relationships

    Developmental Language Disorders: Syndromes

    Pathological Delay and "Recovery" of Language Function



    9 The Developmentally Dyslexic Brain and the Written Language Skills of Children with One Hemisphere

    Behavioral Operations in Learning to Read

    The Behavioral Manifestations of Developmental Dyslexia

    Neural Operations in Developmental Dyslexia

    Learning to Read with Half a Brain: Which Operations Does Each Hemisphere Acquire?


    Reference Notes


    10 Reading and Spelling Disabilities: A Developmental Neuropsychological Perspective

    Studies of Children with Undifferentiated Learning Disabilities

    Studies of Children with Reading Disabilities

    Studies of Children with Spelling Disabilities


    Reference Notes


    11 The Organization of Visual, Phonological, and Motor Strategies in Learning to Read and to Spell

    The Dilemma

    Independence of Reading and Spelling in Backward and Normal Readers

    Visual Factors in Reading and Spelling

    Auditory Factors in Reading and Spelling

    Writing and Spelling

    Copying and the Backward Reader



    V Conclusion

    12 Language and the Brain: Implications for Education

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 306
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: December 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156684

About the Editor

Ursula Kirk

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