Neuropsychological and Cognitive Processes in Reading

Neuropsychological and Cognitive Processes in Reading

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: Francis J. Pirozzolo, Merlin C. Wittrock
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270210

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Description

Neuropsychological and Cognitive Processes in Reading explores reading and reading disabilities within the context of cognitive psychology and neuropsychology. Emphasis is on the roles of brain mechanisms in reading and reading disturbances. In the areas of perception and cognition, theoretical models of the reading process are used to highlight the various psychological processes involved in the act of skilled reading. Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with an introduction to the fundamental processes of reading, giving particular attention to a psychological theory that builds on two concepts: that the basic processes of reading are few in number, and that they are separable from one another. A useful and testable information-processing model of reading that consists of three separable, fundamental processes - decoding, word meaning, and sentence comprehension - is described. Subsequent chapters deal with some of the external and internal factors involved in reading; a model of disorders of reading comprehension (the alexias); the neuropsychological test performance of brain-damaged and non-brain-damaged dyslexic children; and the problem of subtypes of learning disability. Eye movements and perceptual spans in reading are also discussed, along with reading comprehension and the problem of agrammatism. The final chapter analyzes the factors that influence recovery from alexia. This book will be of interest to neuropsychologists and those engaged in neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology, and educational psychology.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    I Models of Reading and Reading Disabilities

    1 Separable Process in Reading

    Independent-Process Theory

    Independent-Process Models of Reading

    Conclusions

    References

    2 A Framework for Understanding the Reading Process

    Factors Influencing Comprehension

    The LaBerge-Samuels Reading Model

    The Comprehension Process

    References

    3 Alexia and the Neuroanatomical Basis of Reading

    Definitions

    Historical Background

    The Three Alexias

    Other Varieties of Reading Disturbance

    Theoretical Considerations

    Summary

    References

    4 Dyslexia Syndromes in Children: Toward the Development of Syndrome-Specific Treatment Programs

    Syndrome-Specific Treatment Programs

    References

    5 Learning Disability Subtypes: A Review

    Clinical-Inferential Classification Approaches

    Statistical Classification Approaches

    References

    II Perceptual and Imaginal Processes in Reading Comprehension

    6 Eye Movements and the Perceptual Span in Reading

    Eye Movements in Reading

    Techniques to Study the Perceptual Span

    Summary of Research on the Perceptual Span

    Summary

    References

    7 Perceptual Processes in Reading: An Analysis-By-Synthesis Model

    What Readers Might Know: Types of Knowledge Available for the Generation of Expectancies

    Evidence of Knowledge and Use of Redundancies by Readers

    The Information Processing of Feature Extraction and Hypothesis Testing

    References

    III Visual and Linguistic Processes of Reading

    8 On Functions of Pictures in Prose

    Pictures and Children's Prose Learning

    A Conceptual Framework for Prose-Learning Pictures

    Summary

    References

    9 Reading Comprehension

    Reading Comprehension as a Generative Process

    Early Research on Reading Comprehension

    The Measurement of Reading Comprehension

    Attention

    Encoding and Memory

    Generative Processes

    Knowledge Base of the Learner

    Text and its Context

    Discussion

    References

    10 Linguistic Factors in Reading Acquisition: Evidence for Developmental Changes

    Developmental Changes in Reading Acquisition

    Linguistic Attributes and Decoding Processes

    Linguistic Attributes and Comprehension

    Conclusions: Age-Dependent Relationships

    Similar Sequence Model of Developing Reader

    Neuropsychological Implications of the Model: Integrating Research Areas

    References

    IV Reading Disabilities

    11 "Agrammatic" Reading

    Reading Single Words

    Oral Reading of Sentences

    What Is Agrammatic Reading?

    Conclusion: Oral Reading in Broca's Aphasia

    References

    12 Recovery from Alexia: Factors Influencing Restoration of Function After Focal Cerebral Damage

    General Principles of Recovery of Function

    Recovery from Aphasia

    Recovery from Alexia: Early Studies

    The Time Course of Recovery: Recent Studies

    Summary

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 362
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270210

About the Editors

Francis J. Pirozzolo

Merlin C. Wittrock

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