Neuroergonomics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128119266

Neuroergonomics

1st Edition

The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life

Editors: Hasan Ayaz Frederic Dehais
Paperback ISBN: 9780128119266
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st September 2018
Page Count: 250
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Description

Professor Raja Parasuraman summarized Neuroergonomics as the emerging field of studying the brain and behavior at work, in essence the application of tools and knowledge of the field of neurosciences to the study of ergonomics. Human and machine systems are at the center of vital procedures specifically where lives are at stake, and their efficiency and safety are critically dependent on the situational awareness and cognitive workload of human operators. Written by experts from the field, Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life discusses and details the methodologies useful for keeping an ideal human-machine system up-to-date and informs readers on how to prevent potential overload and minimize errors. It discusses neural measures and the proper methods and technologies to maximize performance. The prime goal of neuroergonomics is an augmentation of human performance and its transfer to improved functioning at work or in everyday settings via alteration of underlying neurocognitive processes. The advent of new and improved tools that allow monitoring of brain activity in the field and operational environments are expected to allow better identification of neurophysiological markers that can index impending overload or fatigue before performance measures can. This book provides a resource for neuroscientists to learn more about the technologies and real-time tools that can help assess cognitive and motivational states of human operators and close the loop for advanced human-machine interaction.

Key Features

  • Includes the formulation of neurobiological models to better understand risky decision making and cognitive countermeasures, augmented cognition, and brain stimulations to enhance performance and mitigate human error
  • Features innovative methodologies and protocols using psychophysiological measurements and brain imaging techniques in realistic operational settings
  • Discusses numerous topics, including cognitive performance in psychological and neurological disorders, brain computer interfaces (BCI), and human performance monitoring in ecological conditions, virtual reality, and serious gaming
  • Details genetic, personality and neurobiological factors influencing cognitive performance, as well as the assessment of cognition in various neurological disorders in real-time settings and home environments

Readership

Neuroscientists, neurobiologists, psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, computer scientists, graduate students, and post-doctoral fellows

Table of Contents

Section 1: Neuroergonomics
1. Introduction and progress review

Section 2: Neuroergonomics Methods
2. EEG in Neuroergonomics
3. fNIRS in Neuroergonomics
4. TCD in Neuroergonomics
5. tDCS in Neuroergonomics
6. Eye-tracking in Neuroergonomics
7. Behavioral performance in Neuroergonomics
8. Signal processing and psychophysiological computing

Section 3: Cognitive Processing
9. Cognition
10. Perception
11. Attention
12. Cognitive control
13. Executive Decision Making

Section 4: Task Performance
14. Workload
15. Emotion
16. Stress
17. Mental Fatigue
18. Aging

Section 5: Physical Work
19. Exercise
20. Muscle Fatigue

Section 6: Emerging Applications
21. Virtual Reality
22. Adaptive interaction and automation
23. Brain Computer Interfaces
24. Clinical/Medical
25. Usability
26. Product Design

Section 7: Conclusion
27. Opportunities and limitations of next generation Neuroergonomics research

Details

No. of pages:
250
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2019
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128119266

About the Editor

Hasan Ayaz

Dr. Ayaz is an Associate Research Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA with adjunct appointments at the University of Pennsylvania and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Since 2001, he has worked on the development of continuous wave functional near infrared sensors and developed enabling software for brain monitoring instruments that were licensed by fNIR Devices LLC and distributed globally by Biopac Systems, Inc. As an extension to this, he led the software design and development for a portable-handheld medical device (Infrascanner) that utilizes fNIR to detect hematoma in head trauma patients, which received FDA approval and is currently being distributed in three continents for emergency care and pre-hospitalization screening. Dr. Ayaz’s research interests include neuroengineering applications of human computer interaction and Neuroergonomics. His research activities with optical brain imaging focus on human computer interaction, neuroergonomics, and brain computer interface both in the field and in clinical applications. With 90+ publications in international journals and conferences, his research has been funded by federal agencies including the Department of Defence, FAA, and NIH, corporate partners Lockheed Martin Corporation and Intel Corporation, and has managed multi-institutional research and development projects

Affiliations and Expertise

Drexel University, USA

Frederic Dehais

Dr. Dehais is a full professor at the Institut Supérieur de l’Aéronautique et de l’Espace (France) and the AXA Chair in Neuroergonomics for Flight Safety, a rare credit attributed to less than thirty researchers in the world. He is leading the Neuroergonomics and Human Factors Department, a team composed of 18 permanent and non-permanent members with an interdisciplinary expertise in Neuroscience, Signal Processing, Computer Science, and Human Factors. His research focuses on understanding the neural correlates of human error in real-life situations and the implementation of BCI and cognitive countermeasures to mitigate human error. His department receives substantial grants and his research has been published in international journals such as Neuroimage, Behavioral Brain Research, IEEE, PLOS ONE, and Human Factors. His innovative work has also led to four international patents that are currently implemented in modern civilian aircrafts.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institut Superieur de l'Aeronautique et de l'Espace, France

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