Neurobiology of the Parental Brain

Neurobiology of the Parental Brain

1st Edition - July 15, 2008

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  • Editor: Robert Bridges
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123742858
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080559575

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This book presents cutting edge research on the basic neurobiology of parental behavior as it relates to behavioral disorders, including postpartum depression, anxiety, and inadequate parental bonding to infants. Internationally recognized basic and clinical researchers present new research findings in humans and animals that elucidate the roles of the brain, physiological state, genes and environment in maternal and paternal care. By bridging the gap between basic and clinical research, new understandings of how the biology of the brain and the reproductive state of the parent impact their mental health and the successful rearing of young emerge.

Key Features

* Presents the neural network of motherhood based on fundamental and functional MRI studies of parental care - from rodents to humans
* Discusses the role of gene-environment interactions in parenting
* Offers parenting strategies and priorities in raising young
* Discusses maternal defense - the neurobiology of maternal protection
* Examines the significance and underlying causes of postpartum depression
* Discusses parenting and anxiety – neurobiological basis for reductions during the postpartum period
* Also includes the neurobiology of fatherhood – a fresh evolutionary and biological perspective on paternal behavior
* Presents information on maternal neuroplasticity - how reproductive history changes the maternal brain
* Translates research – internationally renowned researchers' insights into common factors that regulate mammalian parenting


Basic scientists, clinical researchers, psychiatrists, and practicing physicians

Table of Contents

  • Parental Brain Conference ? June 7-10, 2007
    Preliminary Program
    June 7, 2007

    Keynote Lecture ? David R. Rubinow, MD, ? Assad Meymandi Professor & Chair of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC
    ?Mood Disorders of Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period?

    June 8, 2007

    Symposium 1 - Neural Systems & Maternal Behavior - I

    Michael Numan, PhD, Department of Psychology, Boston College
    ?Hypothalamic Interaction with the Mesolimbic Dopamine System Regulates Maternal Responsiveness?

    Joan I. Morrell, PhD, Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    ?Maternal Motivation and Its Neural Substrate Across the Postpartum Period?

    Craig Ferris, PhD, Center for Comparative Neuroimaging, University of Massachusetts Medical School
    "Imaging the Maternal Brain"

    Symposium 2 - Neural Systems & Maternal Behavior - I

    Dionysia T. Theodosis, PhD, Laboratory of Morphofunctional Neurobiology, Inserm U378; University Victor Segalen-Bordeaux II, F33077 Bordeaux, France
    ?Neuronal-Glial Plasticity and Reproduction?

    Frederick Levy, PhD, INRA-CNRS-Universite de Tours-Haras Nationaux, Nouzilly, France
    "Neural Networks Involved in the Onset of Maternal Behavior in Sheep"

    Jeffrey P. Lorberbaum, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC
    "The Functional Neuroanatomy of Human Parental Behavior."

    Symposium 3 - Maternal Aggression, Stress & Anxiety/Depression - I

    Oliver J. Bosch, PhD, Institute of Zoology, University of Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany
    "Maternal Behavior, Anxiety and Aggression: What is the Link??

    Stephen C. Gammie, PhD, Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
    ?Maternal Aggression Links to Anxiety and Depression: Possible Common
    Roles for CRF and Related Peptides"

    *Lee S. Cohen, MD, Dept.Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
    * pending

    Symposium 4 - Maternal Aggression, Stress & Anxiety/Depression ? II

    Luz Torner, PhD, Luz University of Regensburg, Institute of Zoology, Universitatsstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany

    Claire-DominiqueWalker, PhD, Douglas Hospital Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

    Joseph Lonstein, PhD, Program in Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
    "Infant Cues, Oxytocin, and GABA Regulation of Postpartum Anxiety"

    Luciano Felicio, PhD, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil
    "Maternal Choices: Neural Mediation - Caring for Young or Hunting??

    June 9, 2007

    Symposium 5 - Neuropeptide Regulation and Actions during Pregnancy
    And Lactation

    Alison J. Douglas, PhD, Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Centre for Integrative Physiology, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh , Scotland
    ?Switching on Oxytocin Neurones Perinatally?

    Marc Freeman, PhD, Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
    ?Biological and Mathematical Modeling Approaches to Defining the Role of Oxytocin and Dopamine in the Control of Mating-Induced Prolactin Secretion?

    Inga D. Neumann, PhD, Institute of Zoology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
    ?Brain Oxytocin and Prolactin: Anti-Stress Effects during Pregnancy and Lactation?

    Symposium 6 - The Energetics of Motherhood

    David R. Grattan, PhD, Department of Anatomy & Structural Biology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    "Hormonal Induction of Leptin Resistance during Pregnancy"

    **Kevin L. Grove, PhD, Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR ** pending

    Barbara Woodside, PhD, Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    "Leptin, Prolactin and the Metabolic Adaptations to Lactation"

    Symposium 7 - Individual Variations in Maternal Behavior: from Genes
    to Experience - I

    James P. Curley, PhD - Sub-Department of Animal Behaviour, University of Cambridge, High Street Madingley, Cambridge, UK
    "Behavioural and Neuroendocrine Consequences of Parent-of-Origin Effects"

    Larry Young, PhD, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
    ?Molecular Correlates of Individual Variation in Parental Care in Prairie Voles?

    Francis A. Champagne, PhD, Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York NY ?Epigenetic Mechanisms and the Transmission of Maternal Care Across Generations"

    Symposium 8 - Individual Variations in Maternal Behavior: from Genes
    to Experience - II

    Cort A. Pedersen, MD, Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

    Naomi Popeski, PhD, McGill Program for the Study of Behavior, Genes and Environment, Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    ?Maternal Responsiveness as a Function of Adversity in Humans: an fMRI Study?

    Jenae M. Neiderhiser, PhD, Center for Family Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC
    "Genetic and Environmental Influences on Mothering: The Role of Mother's Genes and Child's Genes"

    Banquet Speaker

    John Russell, PhD, Professor, Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Centre for Integrative Physiology, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    ?Bringing Forth the Next Generation, and the Next?

    June 10, 2007

    Plenary Lecture

    Sarah Blaffer Hrdy, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Dept. Anthropology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA
    ?Mothers and Others: The Evolutionary Context of Human Development?

    Symposium 9 ? Alternate Patterns of Parental Care

    Jeffrey A. French, PhD, Dept. Psychology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE
    "Family Life in Marmosets: Causes and Consequences of Variation in Caregiving"

    Sue Carter, PhD, Brain Body Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
    "Early Experience and the Developmental Programming of Oxytocin and Vasopressin"

    Symposium 10 - Biparental Care: Neural and Physiological Mechanisms

    Catherine A. Marler, PhD, Dept. Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
    ?The Effects of Paternal Behavior on Offspring Aggression and Hormones in the Biparental California Mouse?

    Katherine A Wynne-Edwards, PhD, Dept.Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    ?From Dwarf Hamster to Daddy: Neuroendocrine Substrates for Paternal Behavior?

    Zuoxin X. Wang, PhD, Dept. Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
    "The Monogamous Male Brain"

    Symposium 11 - Neuroplasticity & Reproductive Experience

    Elizabeth M. Byrnes, PhD, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary medicine, North Grafton, MA
    ?Neuroendocrine Plasticity and the Maternal Brain?

    Kelly G. Lambert, PhD, Dept. Psychology, Randolph'Macon College, Ashland, VA
    ?The Adaptive Nature of Parental-Induced Neurobiological Modifications: Consideration of Enhanced Resilience in Maternal and Paternal Rodent Models?

    Liisa A. Galea, PhD, Program in Neuroscience, Dept Psychology and Brain Research Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    ?Parity and Mothering Affect Hippocampal Function and Structure?

    Alison Fleming, PhD, Department of Psychology, Erindale College, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    "Plasticity in the Maternal Circuit: Experience, Dopamine, and Mothering"

Product details

  • No. of pages: 584
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2008
  • Published: July 15, 2008
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123742858
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080559575

About the Editor

Robert Bridges

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