Natural Organic Matter in Water - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128015032, 9780128017197

Natural Organic Matter in Water

1st Edition

Characterization and Treatment Methods

Authors: Mika Sillanpää
eBook ISBN: 9780128017197
Paperback ISBN: 9780128015032
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 15th October 2014
Page Count: 382
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Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling.

Key Features

  • Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods
  • Includes characterization methods of NOM
  • Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods


Environmental and Civil Engineers; Researchers

Table of Contents

  • List of Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1. General Introduction
  • Chapter 2. Characterization of NOM
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. General Parameters
    • 2.3. Isolation and Concentration
    • 2.4. Fractionation
    • 2.5. Chromatographic Methods
    • 2.6. Spectroscopic Methods
    • 2.7. Biological Testing
    • 2.8. Other Characterization Methods
    • 2.9. Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. NOM Removal by Coagulation
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Aluminum-Based Coagulants
    • 3.3. Ferric-Based Coagulants
    • 3.4. Inorganic Polymer Flocculants
    • 3.5. Organic Polyelectrolytes
    • 3.6. Composite Coagulants
    • 3.7. Novel Coagulants
    • 3.8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. NOM Removal by Electrochemical Methods
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Principles of EC and EO Technologies
    • 4.3. EC and EO Technologies in NOM Removal
    • 4.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Membranes
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Microfiltration
    • 5.3. Ultrafiltration
    • 5.4. Nanofiltration
    • 5.5. Reverse Osmosis
    • 5.6. Membrane Fouling
    • 5.7. Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. NOM Removal by Advanced Oxidation Processes
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. AOPs in NOM Removal
    • 6.3. UV Light Based Applications
    • 6.4. Fenton Processes
    • 6.5. Heterogeneous Photocatalysis and Catalytic Oxidation
    • 6.6. Ultrasound Irradiation and E-Beam Irradiation
    • 6.7. Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. NOM Removal by Adsorption
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Adsorption
    • 7.3. Adsorbents and Their Characteristics
    • 7.4. NOM Removal from Water by Adsorption
    • 7.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Ion Exchange
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Removal of NOM from Water by Ion Exchange
    • 8.3. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Integrated Methods
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Coupling Coagulation with Other Processes
    • 9.3. Coupling Membrane Technology with Other Processes
    • 9.4. Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • List of Journal Titles with Abbreviations
  • Index


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About the Author

Mika Sillanpää

Professor Mika Sillanpää is a professor at the Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland, and courtesy professor at the Florida International University, USA. Professor Sillanpää has over 20 years of expertise in green chemistry, analytical chemistry, and environmental engineering. He has worked extensively with adsorption, photocatalysis, electrochemical treatment, and advanced oxidation processes as well as environmental analysis. Professor Sillanpää has published several books and coauthored over 600 articles in peer-reviewed journals and international conference proceedings. He has also established close collaboration with over 80 research partners from the world’s leading laboratories across six continents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Laboratory of Green Chemistry, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland

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