Natural Hazards and Public Choice

Natural Hazards and Public Choice

The State and Local Politics of Hazard Mitigation

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Authors: Peter H. Rossi, James D Wright, Eleanor Weber-Burdin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265513

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Natural Hazards and Public Choice: The State and Local Politics of Hazard Mitigation presents a research project that emerged from a concern for estimating the balance of support versus opposition to prospective social policies that aim to reduce the risks of damage or injuries from major natural hazard events via the regulation of land use and establishment of building and occupancy standards in high-risk areas. The volume begins with an overview of the research project and the main findings. Separate chapters describe the study design; assess the views of politically influential people regarding the seriousness of natural hazards; measure the support for federal disaster policies; and consider public opinion on hazards-mitigation issues in California. Subsequent chapters cover the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP); patterns of activity, influence, and power among key positions and groups in local communities with respect to issues involving disasters; and hazard mitigation activities at the state level.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    List of Tables

    1 Policy, Politics, and Natural Hazards: An Overview of Themes and Findings

    The Study

    The Policy Options

    The Salience of Natural Hazards

    Support for Policy Alternatives

    Popular Assessments of Hazards and Hazard Policies

    Elite Appraisals of the NFIP

    Patterns of Interest, Group Activity, and Power


    2 The Study Design

    Defining the Universe

    Sampling States

    Sampling Local Communities

    Selecting Potential Respondents

    Interviewing Elites

    Who are the Elite?

    The California Resident Survey

    3 How Important are Natural Hazards Problems to State and Community Elites?

    Perceived Seriousness of Natural Hazards

    Other Serious Problems Mentioned

    Do Some Care More than Others?

    Why Some Care

    Variation in Hazard Seriousness among States

    Variation in Hazard Seriousness among Local Communities

    Perceived Hazard Seriousness: Local versus State Elites

    Determinants of Individual Seriousness Ratings: Local Elites

    Conclusions: on the Seriousness of Natural Hazards

    4 Elite Support Levels for Federal Disaster Policy Alternatives

    Measuring Support for Global Policy Alternatives

    The Mutability of Disaster Policy Preference

    Policy Endorsements of Elite Positions

    Determinants of Policy Approval by Individuals at the Local Level

    Results by States and Local Communities

    Assessments of Specific Hazard-Management Programs

    Summary and Conclusions

    5 Popular Assessments of Hazards and Hazards Policies: The Case of California's Nine Communities

    Californians' Ratings of Hazard Seriousness

    Levels of Disaster Preparedness

    Attitudes toward Federal Hazard-Management Policies


    6 Elite Appraisals of the NFIP


    Legislation Relevant to the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968

    Community Participation

    The Role of the Government

    The Reactions of State Elites

    State Floodplain Regulations and NFIP

    State versus Local Elites: Mean Opinions, by State

    The Reactions of Local Elites

    The Problems, Controversies, and Future of the NFIP

    Summary and Conclusions

    7 Patterns of Interest and Power in Nonstructural Hazard-Mitigation Politics in Local Communities

    Levels of Local Community Activity, by Group and Position

    Patterns of Influence

    Regular Contact with Groups

    Elite Favorability toward Nonstructural Hazard-Mitigation Measures

    Who Influences the Elites?

    Who Influences City Hall?

    Summary and Conclusions

    8 Patterns of Group Activity and Power in State Hazard-Mitigation Legislation

    Activity Levels

    Correlates of Cluster Activity Levels

    Perceived Importance of Groups and Positions

    Favorability toward Nonstructural Hazard-Mitigation Legislation

    Elite Contacts with Groups and Positions

    Influences on Respondents

    Summary and Conclusions

    Appendix A. Survey of Natural Disaster Public Policies: Key Persons Interview Schedule

    Appendix B. Survey of Natural Disaster Public Policies: Household Residents Interview Schedule


Product details

  • No. of pages: 356
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265513

About the Authors

Peter H. Rossi

James D Wright

Eleanor Weber-Burdin

About the Editor

Peter H. Rossi

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