Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857095442, 9780857098832

Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction

1st Edition

Materials, Processes and Applications

Editors: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal M V Diamanti A Nazari C Goran-Granqvist
eBook ISBN: 9780857098832
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095442
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 4th April 2013
Page Count: 458
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Table of Contents

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Chapter 1: Introduction to nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The need for nanotechnology in the construction sector

1.3 Outline of the book

Part I: Infrastructural applications

Chapter 2: Nanoscience and nanoengineering of cement-based materials

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Nanoscience of cement-based materials

2.3 Nanoengineering of cement-based materials

2.4 Conclusion

Chapter 3: Nanoparticles for high performance concrete (HPC)

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Concrete with nanoparticles

3.3 The problem of efficient nanoparticle dispersion

3.4 Conclusions

Chapter 4: Self-sensing concrete with nanomaterials

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Studying conductive admixtures in concrete

4.3 Influence of conductive admixtures on the mechanical properties of concrete

4.4 Influence of conductive admixtures on the electrical properties of concrete beams

4.5 Strain and damage in concrete beams (self-diagnosing of damage)

4.6 Diphasic electrical conductive materials

4.7 Conclusions

Chapter 5: The use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Research relating to nanocomposite steel

5.3 Properties of nanocomposite steel

5.4 Future trends

Chapter 6: Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures for eco-efficient construction

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Research on nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures

6.3 Material and methods

6.4 Rheological tests and results

6.5 Mechanical testing of asphalt mixtures

6.6 Conclusion

6.7 Future trends

Chapter 7: Safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications

Abstract:

7.1 Introduction to nanotoxicity

7.2 Potential nano-hazards of manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) utilized in construction

7.3 Lifecycle of nano-enabled structures

7.4 Toxicity profiling for nanomaterials

7.5 Future trends and conclusions

Part II: Applications for building energy efficiency

Chapter 8: Thin films and nanostructured coatings for eco-efficient buildings

Abstract:

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Major thin film technologies and some illustrative examples

8.3 Large-scale manufacturing

8.4 Conclusion and future trends

Chapter 9: High performance thermal insulation materials for buildings

Abstract:

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Heat transfer in thermal insulators

9.3 State-of-the-art insulators

9.4 Applications

9.5 Future trends

Chapter 10: Silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows

Abstract:

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Aerogels for windows

10.3 Current applications of aerogels in buildings

10.4 Performance of nanogel windows

10.5 Future trends

Chapter 11: Switchable glazing technology for eco-efficient construction

Abstract:

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Electrochromics: materials and devices

11.3 Thermochromics: materials and devices

11.4 Future trends in electrochromic and thermochromic glazing

Chapter 12: Third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells for eco-efficient buildings and other applications

Abstract:

12.1 Introduction

12.2 History of photovoltaic (PV) cells

12.3 Functions of a photovoltaic (PV) cell

12.4 Overview of photovoltaic (PV) technology: first, second and third generation cells

12.5 The use of nanotechnology in photovoltaic (PV) technology

12.6 Future trends

Part III: Photocatalytic applications

Chapter 13: Concrete, mortar and plaster using titanium dioxide nanoparticles: applications in pollution control, self-cleaning and photo sterilization

Abstract:

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis

13.3 Applications of semiconductor photocatalysis

13.4 TiO2 in cement-based materials

13.5 Efficiency of TiO2 in the built environment

13.6 Pilot projects and field tests

13.7 Existing patents and standards relating to photocatalytic cementitious materials

Chapter 14: Self-cleaning tiles and glasses for eco-efficient buildings

Abstract:

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Important production parameters

14.3 Mechanism of self-cleaning glasses and tiles

14.4 Future trends

Chapter 15: Nanotechnology in manufacturing paints for eco-efficient buildings

Abstract:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Application of photocatalytic paints in an outdoor environment

15.3 Application of photocatalytic paints in an indoor environment

15.4 Potential formation of by-products

15.5 Future trends

Chapter 16: Nanotechnology for domestic water purification

Abstract:

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Nanomaterials and water purification

16.3 The need for nanomaterials in water purification

16.4 Types, properties and uses of nanomaterials in water purification

16.5 Synthesis of nanomaterials

16.6 Nanotechnology: health, safety and environment

16.7 Domestic water purification: challenges to bring about an integrated system

16.7.2 Challenges with development of integrated nano-based systems for water purification

Index


Description

As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction.

Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings.

Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry.

Key Features

  • Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction
  • Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials
  • Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Readership

Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials; Researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry.


Details

No. of pages:
458
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780857098832
Hardcover ISBN:
9780857095442

Reviews

"The book’s focus on eco-construction, its depth of coverage, and style of writing by various contributing authors makes it understandable by readers at various levels. Researchers, educators, captains of industry, and policy makers would find the book interesting and useful."--MaterialsViews.com, April 8, 2014


About the Editors

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal Editor

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal is a Senior Researcher in the C-TAC Research Centre at the University of Minho, Portugal. He has authored almost 300 publications, including 96 in ISI Web of Science-WoS and 92 on Scopus. Having received 798 citations in WoS (h-index=15) and 1125 citations on Scopus (h-index=18). He has a SCI Platinum h=30 the highest in the field of civil engineering in Portugal. He has also been the Lead Editor of 14 international books, with more than 500 contributors from 52 countries in the five continents.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Minho, Portugal

M V Diamanti Editor

Maria Vittoria Diamanti is Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering at the Polytechnic of Milan, Italy.

Affiliations and Expertise

Polytechnic of Milan, Italy

A Nazari Editor

Ali Nazari is an Assistant Professor in the Islamic Azad University, Iran. He has written 6 books and 140 journal articles as well as registering over 20 national patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Islamic Azad University, Iran

C Goran-Granqvist Editor

Claes Goran-Granqvist is Professor in the Department of Engineering Science at Uppsala University, Sweden.

Affiliations and Expertise

Uppsala University, Sweden