Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction

Materials, Processes and Applications

1st Edition - April 4, 2013

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  • Editors: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal, Maria Vittoria Diamanti, Ali Nazari, Claes Goran-Granqvist
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095442
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098832

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As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction.Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings.Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry.

Key Features

  • Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction
  • Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials
  • Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency


Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials; Researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry.

Table of Contents

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    Chapter 1: Introduction to nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The need for nanotechnology in the construction sector

    1.3 Outline of the book

    Part I: Infrastructural applications

    Chapter 2: Nanoscience and nanoengineering of cement-based materials


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Nanoscience of cement-based materials

    2.3 Nanoengineering of cement-based materials

    2.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Nanoparticles for high performance concrete (HPC)


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Concrete with nanoparticles

    3.3 The problem of efficient nanoparticle dispersion

    3.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Self-sensing concrete with nanomaterials


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Studying conductive admixtures in concrete

    4.3 Influence of conductive admixtures on the mechanical properties of concrete

    4.4 Influence of conductive admixtures on the electrical properties of concrete beams

    4.5 Strain and damage in concrete beams (self-diagnosing of damage)

    4.6 Diphasic electrical conductive materials

    4.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: The use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Research relating to nanocomposite steel

    5.3 Properties of nanocomposite steel

    5.4 Future trends

    Chapter 6: Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures for eco-efficient construction


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Research on nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures

    6.3 Material and methods

    6.4 Rheological tests and results

    6.5 Mechanical testing of asphalt mixtures

    6.6 Conclusion

    6.7 Future trends

    Chapter 7: Safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications


    7.1 Introduction to nanotoxicity

    7.2 Potential nano-hazards of manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) utilized in construction

    7.3 Lifecycle of nano-enabled structures

    7.4 Toxicity profiling for nanomaterials

    7.5 Future trends and conclusions

    Part II: Applications for building energy efficiency

    Chapter 8: Thin films and nanostructured coatings for eco-efficient buildings


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Major thin film technologies and some illustrative examples

    8.3 Large-scale manufacturing

    8.4 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 9: High performance thermal insulation materials for buildings


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Heat transfer in thermal insulators

    9.3 State-of-the-art insulators

    9.4 Applications

    9.5 Future trends

    Chapter 10: Silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Aerogels for windows

    10.3 Current applications of aerogels in buildings

    10.4 Performance of nanogel windows

    10.5 Future trends

    Chapter 11: Switchable glazing technology for eco-efficient construction


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Electrochromics: materials and devices

    11.3 Thermochromics: materials and devices

    11.4 Future trends in electrochromic and thermochromic glazing

    Chapter 12: Third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells for eco-efficient buildings and other applications


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 History of photovoltaic (PV) cells

    12.3 Functions of a photovoltaic (PV) cell

    12.4 Overview of photovoltaic (PV) technology: first, second and third generation cells

    12.5 The use of nanotechnology in photovoltaic (PV) technology

    12.6 Future trends

    Part III: Photocatalytic applications

    Chapter 13: Concrete, mortar and plaster using titanium dioxide nanoparticles: applications in pollution control, self-cleaning and photo sterilization


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Principles of heterogeneous photocatalysis

    13.3 Applications of semiconductor photocatalysis

    13.4 TiO2 in cement-based materials

    13.5 Efficiency of TiO2 in the built environment

    13.6 Pilot projects and field tests

    13.7 Existing patents and standards relating to photocatalytic cementitious materials

    Chapter 14: Self-cleaning tiles and glasses for eco-efficient buildings


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Important production parameters

    14.3 Mechanism of self-cleaning glasses and tiles

    14.4 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Nanotechnology in manufacturing paints for eco-efficient buildings


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Application of photocatalytic paints in an outdoor environment

    15.3 Application of photocatalytic paints in an indoor environment

    15.4 Potential formation of by-products

    15.5 Future trends

    Chapter 16: Nanotechnology for domestic water purification


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Nanomaterials and water purification

    16.3 The need for nanomaterials in water purification

    16.4 Types, properties and uses of nanomaterials in water purification

    16.5 Synthesis of nanomaterials

    16.6 Nanotechnology: health, safety and environment

    16.7 Domestic water purification: challenges to bring about an integrated system

    16.7.2 Challenges with development of integrated nano-based systems for water purification


Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: April 4, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857095442
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857098832

About the Editors

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Dr. F. Pacheco-Torgal is a principal investigator at the CTAC Research Unit, University of Minho, Portugal. He currently holds the title of Counsellor from the Portuguese Engineers Association and has authored more than 300 publications, 147 in Scopus and 125 in Web of Science. He is a member of the editorial board for 9 international journals, 5 referenced on Web of Science and two on Scopus. He has acted as a foreign expert in the evaluation of 18 PhD thesis. In the last 10 years he has been a Member of the Scientific Committee for almost 60 conferences most of them in Asian countries. He is also a grant assessor for several scientific institutions in 13 countries, UK, US, Netherlands, China, France, Australia, Kazakhstan, Belgium, Spain, Czech Republic, Saudi Arabia, UA. Emirates, and Poland. He has also been an invited reviewer for 125 international journals and has reviewed almost 1000 papers. He has been the lead editor of 22 books published by Woodhead Publishing, Elsevier, and Springer, 10 being on the Master Book List of Web of Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Investigator, C-TAC Research Centre, University of Minho, Guimaraes, Portugal.

Maria Vittoria Diamanti

Maria Vittoria Diamanti is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering at the Polytechnic of Milan, Italy. Her current research interests are: titanium oxides, nanostructured surfaces, photocatalysis, self-cleaning surfaces, spectrophotometry and reflectometry, corrosion, and durability of reinforced concrete.

Affiliations and Expertise

Polytechnic of Milan, Italy

Ali Nazari

Ali Nazari is a Postdoctoral research Fellow at Centre for Sustainable Infrastructure, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria, 3122, Australia

Affiliations and Expertise

Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria, Australia

Claes Goran-Granqvist

Claes Goran-Granqvist is Professor in the Department of Engineering Science at Uppsala University, Sweden. Professor Granqvist's research is focused on optical and electrical properties of materials, especially thin films for energy efficiency and solar energy utilization. He has published around 730 research papers in mostly refereed journals, over 30 books, had invited conference presentations at about 250 international conferences and chaired about 30 international meetings.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Engineering Science, Uppsala University, Sweden

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