Nanotechnology for CO2 Utilization in Oilfield Applications

Nanotechnology for CO2 Utilization in Oilfield Applications

1st Edition - June 17, 2022

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  • Authors: Tushar Sharma, Krishna Chaturvedi, Japan Trivedi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323905404

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Nanotechnology for CO2 Utilization in Oilfield Applications delivers a critical reference for petroleum and reservoir engineers to learn the latest advancements of combining the use of CO2 and nanofluids to lower carbon footprint. Starting with the existing chemical and physical methods employed for synthesizing nanofluids, the reference moves into the scalability and fabrication techniques given for all the various nanofluids currently used in oilfield applications. This is followed by various, relevant characterization techniques. Advancing on, the reference covers nanofluids used in drilling, cementing, and EOR fluids, including their challenges and implementation problems associated with the use of nanofluids. Finally, the authors discuss the combined application of CO2 and nanofluids, listing challenges and benefits of CO2, such as carbonation capacity of nanofluids via rheological analysis for better CO2 utilization. Supported by visual world maps on CCS sites and case studies across the industry, this book gives today’s engineers a much-needed tool to lower emissions.

Key Features

  • Covers applications for the scalability and reproducibility of fabrication techniques for various nanofluids used in the oilfield, including visual world maps that showcase current stages and future CCS sites
  • Helps readers understand CO2 case studies for subsurface applications, including CO2 injection into depleted reservoirs
  • Provides knowledge on the existing challenges and hazards involved in CO2 for safer utilization


Petroleum engineers; reservoir engineers; drilling engineers; researchers, and students working on nanomaterials with a focus on oilfield applications

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction  

    2. Synthesis & characterization of nanofluids for oilfield applications  
    2.1 Single-step and Two-step synthesis of nanofluids  
    2.2 Methods to prepare nanofluids  
    2.3 Various types of nanofluids  
    2.4 Nanofluid imaging methods  
    2.5 Chemical characterization of nanofluids  
    2.6 Dispersion stability and thermophysical properties  
    2.7 Challenges to nanofluid stability  

    3. Rheological characterization of nanofluids  
    3.1 Methods to rheologically investigate nanofluids  
    3.2 Variables influencing rheology of nanofluids  
    3.3 Viscosity and Shear stress  
    3.4 Strain-sweep analysis  
    3.5 Frequency-sweep analysis  
    3.6 Hysteresis in nanofluids  

    4. Why CO2?  
    4.1 CO2 as a greenhouse gas  
    4.2 Sources of CO2  
    4.3 Understanding CO2 capture in brief  

    5. CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) process and injection process  
    5.1 Introduction  
    5.2 CO2 as an EOR fluid  
    5.3 Thermodynamics and phase behaviour of CO2  
    5.4 Supercritical CO2  
    5.5 Principles of CO2 EOR  
    5.6 Oil recovery mechanisms in CO2-EOR projects  
    5.7 Mutual interactions between CO2 and crude oil  
    5.8 Case studies on CO2 injection

    6. Carbonated nanofluids for EOR and improved carbon storage  
    6.1 Principles of carbonation  
    6.2 Role of molality and absorption kinetics  
    6.3 Carbonation of nanofluids  
    6.4 Physisorption  
    6.5 Chemisorption  

    7. Mass transfer by molecular diffusion  
    7.1 Diffusion in bulk fluids and porous media  
    7.2 Molecular diffusion of gases into liquid phases  
    7.3 The role of CO2 molecular diffusion in oil reservoirs  
    7.4 Determination of gas diffusion coefficient  
    7.4.1 Experimental measurements of mass transfer parameters  
    7.4.2 Empirical correlations of diffusion coefficients  

    8. Rock dissolution and formation damage in CO2 EOR  
    8.1 Factors influencing dissolution in rocks  
    8.2 Rock dissolution in sandstones  
    8.3 Rock dissolution in carbonates  
    8.4 Methods to mitigate rock dissolution  

    9. Role of nanofluids in improving CO2 storage and stability in subsurface reservoir  
    9.1 Flow behaviour of CO2 in porous media  
    9.2 Mobility control using nanofluids  
    9.3 Case studies on CO2 storage  

    10. Density-driven natural convection during CO2 geo-sequestration  
    10.1 Density-driven natural convection in heterogeneous aquifers  
    10.2 Density-driven natural convection in fractured aquifers  

    11. Dimensionless numbers and scaling criteria  
    11.1 Introduction  
    11.2 Capillary number  
    11.3 Bond number  
    11.4 Gravity number  
    11.5 Combined dimensionless groups 

    12. Retention of nanoparticles in porous media: Implications for fluid flow 
    12.1 Mechanisms influencing nanoparticle retention  
    12.2 Principles of NP retention  
    12.3 Implications for fluid flow  
    12.4 Role of SEM/EDX imaging  
    12.5 Minimizing formation damage 

    13. CO2 foams  
    13.1 CO2 foams  
    13.2 CO2 polymer foams  
    13.3 Synergy between NPs, polymers and surfactants  
    13.4 Factors influencing CO2 foams  

    14. Solid CO2 storage in nanofluids for improved CO2 utilization  
    14.1 Phase behaviour conditions for CO2 storage  
    14.2 CO2 storage in fresh water  
    14.3 CO2 storage in saline water  
    14.4 Effect of nanofluids on CO2 hydrate formation and kinetics  

    15. Conclusion and future research direction 

Product details

  • No. of pages: 330
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2022
  • Published: June 17, 2022
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323905404

About the Authors

Tushar Sharma

Dr. Tushar Sharma is currently working as an Assistant Professor at the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Jais, India. He is also the Head & Lead Instructor at the Enhanced Oil Laboratory at RGIPT. His main areas of research include Enhanced Oil recovery, Nanofluids, Emulsions, and Rheology and has expertise in the handling of Rheometers, Core-flooding equipment, and surface tensiometers. Dr. Sharma received his doctoral degree from IIT Madras for his work on Pickering emulsions and their application in EOR. He has authored over 26 papers in leading international journals. Dr. Sharma has also conducted training seminars for engineers from multiple oil and gas corporations. Beyond his immediate area of expertise. Dr. Sharma is also the faculty coordinator of the RGIPT Society of Petroleum Engineering student chapter.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Jais, India

Krishna Chaturvedi

Krishna Raghav Chaturvedi is a Senior Research Fellow at the Enhanced Oil Recovery, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Jais. He earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Dehradun and RGIPT, respectively. His research focuses on the synthesis of novel single-step silica nanofluids for improved CO2 flow behavior and reduced formation damage. Primarily, this work focuses on the development of new nanomaterials for improving the efficacy of CO2-based EOR in depleted oil fields and involves the use of core-flooding equipment, HR-TEM, SEM/EDX and high-pressure reactors for CO2-absorption studies. Mr. Chaturvedi has currently published 8 papers in internationally recognized journals. Previously, he worked as a real-time drill log analyst for oil rigs in the US shale patches in Midland and Oklahoma.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology (RGIPT), Jais, India

Japan Trivedi

Dr. Japan Trivedi is an Associate Professor with the Faculty of Engineering - Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at the University of Alberta, Canada. He conducts research in various areas of oilfield technology. His primary areas of research are chemical and CO2-EOR for conventional and unconventional reservoirs, coal gasification, reservoir simulation etc. He heads a multi-cultural diverse research group at UoA and teaches EOR/Research simulation to Undergraduate and Graduate students. He also serves on the Editorial board of several prestigious journals like the Journal of Petroleum Science & Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Faculty of Engineering - Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Canada

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