Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications

Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications

Sensing with Nanotubes, Nanowires and Nanoparticles

1st Edition - February 12, 2014

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  • Editor: Kevin C. Honeychurch
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096609
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096722

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Description

Nano-scale materials are proving attractive for a new generation of devices, due to their unique properties. They are used to create fast-responding sensors with good sensitivity and selectivity for the detection of chemical species and biological agents. Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications provides an overview of developments brought about by the application of nanotechnology for both chemical and biological sensor development. Part one addresses electrochemical nanosensors and their applications for enhanced biomedical sensing, including blood glucose and trace metal ion analysis. Part two goes on to discuss spectrographic nanosensors, with chapters on the use of nanoparticle sensors for biochemical and environmental sensing and other techniques for detecting nanoparticles in the environment. Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications serves as a standard reference for R&D managers in a range of industrial sectors, including nanotechnology, electronics, biotechnology, magnetic and optical materials, and sensors technology, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in these fields.

Key Features

  • Reviews the range electrochemical nanosensors, including the use of carbon nanotubes, glucose nanosensors, chemiresistor sensors using metal oxides, and nanoparticles
  • Discusses spectrographic nanosensors, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticle sensors, the use of coated gold nanoparticles, and semiconductor quantum dots

Readership

Materials science and chemistry researchers working in nanotechnology; R&D managers in industrial sectors such as nanotechnology, electronics, biotechnology, medicine, and environmental monitoring

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

    Introduction

    Part I: Electrochemical nanosensors

    1. Chemical and biological sensing with carbon nanotubes (CNTs)

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)

    1.3 Functionalization of CNTs

    1.4 Biosensors based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)

    1.5 Technical and industrial challenge for the integration of CNTs in analytical and bioanalytical devices

    1.6 Conclusion and future trends

    1.7 References

    2. Electrochemical nanosensors for blood glucose analysis

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Nanosized materials: enzymatic detection of glucose

    2.3 Nanosized materials: direct detection of glucose

    2.4 Nanosized sensors

    2.5 Conclusion and future trends

    2.6 Sources of further information and advice

    2.7 References

    3. Nanoparticle modified electrodes for trace metal ion analysis

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Nanoparticle modified electrodes: basic principles

    3.3 Electroanalytical applications of nanoparticle modified electrodes: detection of arsenic

    3.4 Electroanalytical applications of nanoparticle modified electrodes: detection of chromium

    3.5 Electroanalytical applications of nanoparticle modified electrodes: detection of lead (II) and cadmium (II)

    3.6 Electroanalytical applications of nanoparticle modified electrodes: detection of antimony

    3.7 Conclusion

    3.8 Sources of further information and advice

    3.9 References

    4. Interfacing cells with nanostructured electrochemical sensors for enhanced biomedical sensing

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Designing and constructing nanostructured surfaces for cellular sensing

    4.3 Electrochemical sensing using nanoelectronic sensing devices

    4.4 Interfacing nanostructured sensors for extracellular sensing

    4.5 Interfacing amperometric nanostructured sensors with cells for bioelectricity and biomolecule detection

    4.6 Interfacing nanostructured sensors for intracellular sensing

    4.7 Conclusion

    4.8 References

    5. Chemiresistor gas sensors using semiconductor metal oxides

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The development of semiconductor metal oxide gas sensors

    5.3 The gas-sensing process in semiconductor metal oxide sensors

    5.4 Gas sensors using novel low dimensional metal oxides

    5.5 Metal oxide nanostructure surface modification and doping

    5.6 Recent developments and future trends

    5.7 Sources of further information and advice

    5.8 References

    6. Electropolymers for (nano-)imprinted biomimetic biosensors

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Potential and limitations of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs)

    6.3 Preparation and performance of molecularly imprinted electropolymers

    6.4 Combination of analyte-binding MIPs with nanomaterials

    6.5 Integration of analyte recognition with catalysis in MIPs

    6.6 Conclusion and future trends

    6.7 References

    7. Nanostructured conducting polymers for electrochemical sensing and biosensing

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Hard-template synthesis of conducting polymer nanomaterials

    7.3 Soft-template synthesis of conducting polymer nanomaterials

    7.4 Physical methodologies for synthesis of conducting polymer nanomaterials

    7.5 Chemical and biological sensing applications: nanofilms

    7.6 Chemical and biological sensing applications: nanoparticle based sensors

    7.7 Chemical and biological sensing applications: metallic nanoparticles (NPs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and conducting polymer composites

    7.8 Chemical and biological sensing applications: nanowires and nanotubes

    7.9 Chemical and biological sensing applications: nanofibres, nanocables and other conducting polymer structures

    7.10 Conclusion

    7.11 References

    Part II: Spectrographic nanosensors

    8. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticle sensors for biochemical and environmental sensing

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction: Raman scattering

    8.2 Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)

    8.3 SERS-active substrates

    8.4 Conclusion

    8.6 Acknowledgements

    8.5 Sources of further information and advice

    8.7 References

    9. The use of coated gold nanoparticles in high performance chemical sensors

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Synthesis of gold nanoparticle materials

    9.3 Nanoparticle coatings

    9.4 Modeling chemical sensing behavior

    9.5 Other forms of gold nanoparticle chemical sensors

    9.6 Conclusion and future trends

    9.7 Sources of further information and advice

    9.8 References

    10. Nanoporous silicon biochemical sensors

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Synthesis of mesoporous silica materials and enzyme encapsulation

    10.3 Application to enzymatic sensor and detection mechanism

    10.4 Development of enzymatic sensor for formaldehyde detection

    10.5 Conclusion

    10.6. References

    11. Semiconductor quantum dots in chemical sensors and biosensors

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Quantum dots (QDs): synthesis and optical properties

    11.3 Bioconjugation and capping strategies

    11.4 Applications of QDs to biosensors

    11.5 Conclusion and future trends

    11.6 References

    12. Nanosensors and other techniques for detecting nanoparticles in the environment

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Overview of nanomaterials

    12.3 The regulatory context

    12.4 Analytical methodology: measurements of nanoparticles (NPs) in environmental media

    12.5 Analytical methodology: detection and size distribution

    12.6 Analytical methodology: chemical composition and quantification

    12.7 Applications

    12.8 Conclusion and future trends

    12.9 Sources of further information and advice

    12.10 Acknowledgements

    12.11 References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2014
  • Published: February 12, 2014
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857096609
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096722

About the Editor

Kevin C. Honeychurch

Kevin C. Honeychurch is a Research Fellow in the Centre for Research in Biosciences at the University of the West of England. He is a Member of the Royal Society for Chemistry (MRSC) and a Chartered Chemist (CChem).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of the West of England, UK

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