Nanoscale Compound Semiconductors and their Optoelectronics Applications

Nanoscale Compound Semiconductors and their Optoelectronics Applications

1st Edition - January 21, 2022

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  • Editors: Vijay Pawade, Sanjay Dhoble, Hendrik Swart
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240625
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240632

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Description

Nanoscale Compound Semiconductors and their Optoelectronics Applications provides the basic and fundamental properties of nanoscale compound semiconductors and their role in modern technological products. The book discusses all important properties of this important category of materials such as their optical properties, size-dependent properties, and tunable properties. Key methods are reviewed, including synthesis techniques and characterization strategies. The role of compound semiconductors in the advancement of energy efficient optoelectronics and solar cell devices is also discussed. The book also touches on the photocatalytic property of the materials by doping with graphene oxides--an emerging and new pathway.

Key Features

  • Covers all relevant types of nanoscale compound semiconductors for optoelectronics, including their synthesis, properties and applications
  • Provides historical context and review of emerging trends in semiconductor technology, particularly emphasizing advances in non-toxic semiconductor materials for green technologies
  • Reviews emerging applications of nanoscale compound semiconductor-based devices in optoelectronics, energy and environmental sustainability

Readership

Materials Scientists and Engineers. Chemists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction to compound semiconductor nanocrystals and their applications
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Types of nanocrystals materials and their properties
  • 1.3 Properties of nanocrystals
  • 1.4 Preparation methods and characterization techniques for nanocrystal materials
  • 1.5 Device and material performance
  • 1.6 Applications of nanocrystals
  • 1.7 Application of semiconductor nanocrystal in optoelectronic devices
  • 1.8 Application of semiconductor nanocrystal in energy conversion and storage devices
  • 1.9 Application of semiconductor nanocrystal in monitoring and detecting devices
  • 1.10 Biology and healthcare
  • 1.11 Conclusion and future prospects
  • References
  • 2. Synthesis, properties, and applications of zinc sulfide for solar cells
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Synthesis of ZnS
  • 2.3 Properties of ZnS
  • 2.4 ZnS as an active material for solar cells
  • 2.5 Summary and future scope
  • References
  • 3. Zinc selenide semiconductor: synthesis, properties and applications
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Preparation methods and characterization techniques for ZnSe semiconductor
  • 3.3 Characterization techniques
  • 3.4 Structural properties
  • 3.5 Optical properties of ZnSe
  • 3.6 Ultraviolet-visible
  • 3.7 Luminescence
  • 3.8 Electrical/electronic properties
  • 3.9 Potential applications of ZnSe semiconductor materials
  • 3.10 Light emitting devices
  • 3.11 Photocatalysis
  • 3.12 Photodetectors
  • 3.13 Scintilator
  • 3.14 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • 4. Size, shape-dependent optoelectronic properties of semiconductor colloidal ZnTe nanocrystals
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Effect of dimensional aspect on optoelectronic properties
  • 4.3 ZnTe-based optoelectronic devices
  • 4.4 Future scope and challenges
  • References
  • 5. Material properties and potential applications of CdSe semiconductor nanocrystals
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Material properties of CdSe nanostructures
  • 5.3 Methods of synthesis
  • 5.4 Applications of CdSe-based nanostructures
  • 5.5 Future challenges and opportunities
  • References
  • 6. Synthesis, properties, and applications of MoS2 semiconductor
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Phases of MoS2
  • 6.3 Synthesis
  • 6.4 Properties
  • 6.5 Applications
  • 6.6 Future developments
  • References
  • 7. Synthesis, functional properties, and applications of Ag2S semiconductor nanocrystals
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Crystal structures and phases of Ag2S
  • 7.3 Different morphologies of Ag2S functional nanostructure material
  • 7.4 Novel method of synthesis of Ag2S nanostructures
  • 7.5 Mechanism of formation of various Ag2S nanostructures
  • 7.6 Properties of Ag2S nanostructures
  • 7.7 Applications of Ag2S nanostructures
  • 7.8 Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • 8. Efficient PbSe colloidal QDs for optoelectronics devices
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Multiple-exciton generation and/or the impact ionization
  • 8.3 MEG mechanisms
  • 8.4 Incoherent Coulomb scattering mechanism (impact ionization process)
  • 8.5 Coherent superposition of single and multiple exciton states (the dephasing mechanism)
  • 8.6 The direct mechanism
  • 8.7 Materials and methods
  • 8.8 Colloidal chemical method
  • 8.9 Solution phase ligand exchange
  • 8.10 Cation-exchange reaction
  • 8.11 Surface treatments
  • 8.12 Characterization, properties and factors affecting these properties
  • 8.13 Optical
  • 8.14 Electrical and electronics
  • 8.15 Device fabrication and its implications on the performance
  • 8.16 Photodetectors
  • 8.17 Light emitting diodes
  • 8.18 Field-effect transistors
  • 8.19 Conclusion
  • References
  • 9. Synthesis, characterization, and applications of ZnO–TiO2 nanocomposites
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Crystal structure and basic properties of ZnO, TiO2
  • 9.3 Significance of ZnO–TiO2 nanocomposites
  • 9.4 Synthesis and characterization of ZnO–TiO2 nanocomposites
  • 9.5 Applications of ZnO–TiO2 nanocomposites
  • 9.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 10. Multifunctional properties of hybrid semiconducting nanomaterials and their applications
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Fundamentals of hybrid semiconducting materials
  • 10.3 Synthesis procedures for hybrid semiconducting materials
  • 10.4 Multifunctional properties of hybrid semiconductors
  • 10.5 Application of hybrid semiconducting materials
  • 10.6 Conclusion and future scope
  • References
  • 11. Tuning the properties of ZnS semiconductor by the addition of graphene
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Properties of materials
  • 11.3 Synthesis methods of graphene-based ZnS material
  • 11.4 Structural and optical properties of ZnS/graphene nanocomposites
  • 11.5 Applications of ZnS/graphene nanocomposite
  • 11.6 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • 12. Graphene-based semiconductor nanocrystals for optoelectronics devices
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Graphene-based semiconductor
  • 12.3 Optoelectronics applications
  • 12.4 Literature review
  • 12.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • 13. Graphene oxide based semiconducting nanomaterial’s composites for environmental applications
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Synthesis of GO, rGO and its properties
  • 13.3 Recent developments in synthesizing various GO or rGO based semiconducting nanocomposites
  • 13.4 Environmental applications of graphene oxide based semiconducting nanomaterial’s composites
  • 13.5 Conclusion and future perspective
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: January 21, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240625
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240632

About the Editors

Vijay Pawade

Dr. Vijay B. Pawade is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Applied Physics, Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. His research, focuses on rare earth doped oxide materials and their applications in LEDs and solar cell devices, photo catalysis and published 34 papers in international peer reviewed journals. He has edited two books in Elsevier, one book in CRC press as well as published author book in CRC press.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Physics, Laximarayan Institute of Technology, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India

Sanjay Dhoble

Prof. Sanjay J. Dhoble obtained his M.Sc. degree in Physics from Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur, India in 1988 and Ph.D. degree in 1992 in Solid State Physics from Nagpur University, Nagpur. Dr. Dhoble is presently working as a Professor in the Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. His research area includes synthesis and characterization of solid-state lighting materials, development of radiation dosimetry phosphors using thermoluminescence techniques. He has 18 granted patents, more than 705 research papers in Scopus, and several books. Consecutively in the years 2020 and 2021, Dr. Dhoble stands among the “Top 2% Scientists in the World” in the list published by US’ Stanford University. He is a recipient of several Research Awards.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Physics, R.T.M. Nagpur University, Nagpur, India

Hendrik Swart

Hendrik C Swart is an internationally acclaimed researcher and currently a senior professor in the Department of Physics at the University of the Free State. He has more than 700 publications in international peer reviewed journals, 112 peer reviewed conference proceedings and editor/author or co-editor/author of 25 book chapters and or books with more than 12800 cited author references, and more than 660 national and international conference contributions (authored and co-authored). A research chair in Solid State Luminescent and Advanced Materials was awarded to him from the South African Research Chairs Initiative (SARChI) at the end of 2012, which was renewed for another 5 years at the end of 2017. The main focus of his research group is the improvement of luminescent materials for applications in flat panel displays, solar cells, solid state lighting, dosimetry, and thermometry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Professor, Department of Physics, University of Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

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