Nanoalloys - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123944016, 9780123946164

Nanoalloys

1st Edition

From Fundamentals to Emergent Applications

Editors: Florent Calvo
eBook ISBN: 9780123946164
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123944016
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 27th March 2013
Page Count: 432
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Description

Nanoalloys: From Fundamentals to Emergent Applications presents and discusses the major topics related to nanoalloys at a time when the literature on the subject remains scarce. Particular attention is paid to experimental and theoretical aspects under the form of broad reviews covering the most recent developments. The book is organized into 11 chapters covering the most fundamental aspects of nanoalloys related to their synthesis and characterization, as well as their theoretical study. Aspects related to their thermodynamics and kinetics are covered as well. The coverage then moves to more specific topics, including optics, magnetism and catalysis, and finally to biomedical applications and the technologically relevant issue of self-assembly.

With no current single reference source on the subject, the work is invaluable for researchers as the nanoscience field moves swiftly to full monetization.

Key Features

  • Encapsulates physical science of structure, properties, size, composition and ordering at nanoscale, aiding synthesis of experimentation and modelling
  • Multi-expert and interdisciplinary perspectives on growth, synthesis and characterization of bimetallic clusters and particulates supports expansion of your current research activity into applications
  • Synthesizes concepts and draws links between fundamental metallurgy and cutting edge nanoscience, aiding interdisciplinary research activity

Readership

Graduate nanomaterial and nanoparticle scientists at the interface of electronic and geometric structure, thermodynamics, optics, magnetism, catalysis or organometallic chemistry.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  • Contributors
  • Introduction
  • 1. Chemical synthesis of metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Brief overview of nucleation and growth from the vapor phase
    • 1.3 Nucleation and growth from supersaturated solutions
    • 1.4 Experimental methods
    • 1.5 Selected examples of chemically-synthetized nanoalloys
    • 1.6 An application of nanoalloys in catalysis
    • 1.7 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • 2. Physical preparation of nanoalloys
    • 2.1 Gas phase clusters
    • 2.2 Colloidal nanoparticles dispersed in liquid
    • 2.3 Conclusion
    • References
  • 3. Modeling the electronic and geometric structure of nanoalloys
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Computational methods for the study of nanoalloys
    • 3.3 Structure and chemical order in binary nanoalloys
    • 3.4 Impurity-doped clusters: the dilute limit
    • 3.5 Electronic effects on geometric structure
    • 3.6 Thermal effects on geometric structure
    • 3.7 Supported nanoalloys and environmental effects on geometric structure
    • 3.8 Electronic properties of nanoalloys
    • 3.9 Stability of nanoalloys
    • 3.10 Summary and outlook
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 4. Experimental techniques for structural characterization
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Imaging techniques
    • 4.3 Scanning probe microscopy
    • 4.4 Conventional and scanning transmission electron microscopy
    • 4.5 Final remarks
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 5. Thermodynamical properties of nanoalloys
    • 5.1 General remarks
    • 5.2 Properties of nanoalloys differing from the bulk alloys—finite size and grain boundary effects
    • 5.3 Order–disorder transitions in nanoalloys
    • 5.4 Nanoscale phase diagrams
    • 5.5 Melting of nanoalloys
    • References
  • 6. Kinetic aspects: nucleation, mixing, coalescence
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Nucleation
    • 6.3 Intermixing kinetics
    • 6.4 Freezing of liquid droplets
    • 6.5 Atom-by-atom growth in gas phase
    • 6.6 Formation through coalescence in gas phase
    • 6.7 Growth in liquid phase
    • 6.8 Conclusions
    • References
  • 7. Optical probes of the chemical structure in metallic nanoalloys
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Background
    • 7.3 Optical absorption of metallic nanoalloys
    • 7.4 Nonlinear optical response of metallic nanoalloys
    • 7.5 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 8. Magnetic properties of transition-metal nanoalloys
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Theoretical background
    • 8.3 Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of small Fe–Rh clusters
    • 8.4 Tailoring the magnetic anisotropy of Co–Rh nanoalloys
    • 8.5 One-dimensional alloys: Co and Ni impurities in Cu wires
    • 8.6 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 9. Reactivity and catalysis by nanoalloys
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 Theoretical methods
    • 9.3 Structural characterization of nanoalloys
    • 9.4 Catalytic properties of nanoalloys
    • 9.5 Bridging nanoscience to surface science to understand heterogeneous catalysis
    • 9.6 Conclusions and perspectives
    • References
  • 10. Biomedical applications of nanoalloys
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Classification and current applications of nanoalloys
    • 10.3 Important considerations for biomedical applications of nanoalloys
    • 10.4 Biomedical applications of selected nanosystems
    • 10.5 A comparison between NiTi alloy and NiTi nanoalloy
    • 10.6 Conclusions
    • References
  • 11. Self-assembly of nanoalloys
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Chemical routes
    • 11.3 Physical routes
    • 11.4 Conclusion and perspectives
    • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
432
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780123946164
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123944016

About the Editor

Florent Calvo

Affiliations and Expertise

LASIM, CNRS and University of Lyon, Villeurbanne, France

Reviews

"These eleven articles start at the foundations of nanoalloys and go on to emergent technologies, taking into consideration the tiniest of differences in this near-zero-tolerance environment, starting with chemical synthesis of metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys. Entries then address the physical preparation of nanoalloys, modeling the electronic and geometric structure of nanoalloys, experimental techniques for structural characteristics, thermodynamical properties, kinetic aspects…optical probes of the chemical structure in metallic nanoalloys,…"--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013