Multiple Biological Activities of Unconventional Seed Oils

Multiple Biological Activities of Unconventional Seed Oils

1st Edition - January 26, 2022

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  • Editor: Abdalbasit Mariod
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903264
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241356

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Description

Multiple Biological Activities of Unconventional Seed Oils brings detailed knowledge concerning the biological properties of oils (antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, etc.), the content of individual substances with health-promoting properties, methods for biological properties assay, the influence of raw material quality and technological processes on the quality of oils, and possible raw materials and oil contaminants with adverse health effects. The book's chapters also highlight the unique properties of new oils, along with their biological activities. Less than a decade ago, the vegetable oils on grocery store shelves were derived from conventional oil seeds e.g., cotton, groundnut, sesame, corn sunflower and soybean. However, as consumers began to understand how fat intake affects overall health, researchers, plant growers and food manufacturers started to produce oils from unconventional sources. This book highlights what we've learned in the process.

Key Features

  • Explores unconventional oils, their different sources, and where they grow worldwide
  • Explains the medicinal uses of unconventional oils
  • Details the biological activities, antioxidant and physico-chemical composition of unconventional oils

Readership

Unconventional oils producers, Institutes and research groups of unconventional oils, oil and fat chemists, Food and chemistry students. Nutraceuticals and pharmaceutical companies, unconventional oils producing companies, unconventional oils researchers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1. Unconventional oils production, utilization worldwide
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Oil production methods
  • 1.3 Unconventional oil worldwide
  • 1.4 Utilization of unconventional oil
  • 1.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Biological activities, definition, types and measurements
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Types of biological activities
  • 2.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Biological activities and therapeutic effects of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 3.1 Botanical description, geographical distribution and traditional medicinal uses of Celastrus paniculatus
  • 3.2 Chemical composition of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil
  • 3.3 Biological activities and therapeutic effects of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil
  • 3.4 Toxicological assessment of Celastrus paniculatus seed oil
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Biological activities of black cumin (Nigella sativa) seed oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Nigella sativa seed and its chemical composition
  • 4.3 Biological activities of Nigella sativa seed and its oil
  • 4.4 Conclusions and suggestions
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Biological activities of Moringa seeds oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Phytochemistry
  • 5.3 Botanical descriptions and geographical distribution
  • 5.4 Cultivation for leaves and seed production
  • 5.5 Seeds of Moringa species
  • 5.6 Moringa seeds oil
  • 5.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Biological activities and antioxidant properties of Guizotia abyssinica (niger) seed oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Chemical composition and properties of Guizotia abyssinica seed
  • 6.3 Fatty acid profile of Guizotia abyssinica oil
  • 6.4 Phytochemicals in Guizotia. abyssinica
  • 6.5 Bioactivities of Guizotia abyssinica seed
  • 6.6 Effect of extraction solvent on bioactive composition and antioxidant activity
  • 6.7 Biological activities of Guizotia abyssinica
  • 6.8 Other biological activities
  • 6.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Antimicrobial activity of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) seed oil
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Roselle distribution, ecology, and cultivation
  • 7.3 Nutritional and phytochemical composition of Roselle
  • 7.4 Uses of Roselle
  • 7.5 Roselle seed oil
  • 7.6 Microbiology of Roselle
  • 7.7 Antimicrobial activity of Roselle
  • 7.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Monechma ciliatum seed oil
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Monchema ciliatum (black mahlab)
  • 8.3 Nutritional value and chemical composition of Monchema ciliatum
  • 8.4 Antioxidant activity of Monechma ciliatum
  • 8.5 Antimicrobial activity of Monechma ciliatum
  • 8.6 Uterotonic property of Monechma ciliatum
  • 8.7 Antimalarial activity of Monechma ciliatum
  • 8.8 Anticancer activity
  • 8.9 Cosmetical uses of Monechma ciliatum seeds and oil
  • 8.10 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seed and seedoil
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Botanical description
  • 9.3 Chemical composition
  • 9.4 Different uses of fenugreek
  • 9.5 Fenugreek seed composition
  • 9.6 Fenugreek seed oil composition
  • 9.7 Fenugreek antioxidant activity
  • 9.8 Antibacterial and antifungal effect of fenugreek oil
  • 9.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Antiinflammatory, antimicrobial, and allelopathic activities of some cucurbit seed oils
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Antiinflammatory activities of some cucurbits oil
  • 10.3 Overview of antimicrobial activity of cucurbits seed oil
  • 10.4 Allelopathic activities of some cucurbits oil
  • 10.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Cucumis melo L. seed oil components and biological activities
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Botanical, morphology, and cultivation
  • 11.3 Melon seed oil composition
  • 11.4 Biological activities
  • 11.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antidiabetic activities of Citrullus colocynthis seed oil
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Colocynth seed chemistry
  • 12.3 Biological activity of colocynth extracts
  • 12.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Antioxidant and pharmacological activity of Cucumis melo var. cantaloupe
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Botanical description, distribution, and cultivation regions of melon
  • 13.3 Antioxidant and pharmacological properties
  • 13.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 14. Pumpkin seed oil components and biological activities
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Pumpkin botany
  • 14.3 Composition of pumpkin seed oil
  • 14.4 Antimicrobial, antiinflammatory and antidiabetic properties of pumpkin seed oil
  • 14.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Antioxidant and pharmacological activity of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) seed oil
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Significance of medicinal plants
  • 15.3 Proximate chemical composition of watermelon
  • 15.4 Minerals content
  • 15.5 Fatty acids content
  • 15.6 General phytochemical screening of the watermelon plant seeds
  • 15.7 Antimicrobial activity of the watermelon plant
  • 15.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Rice bran oil main bioactive compounds and biological activities
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Rice milling and by-products
  • 16.3 Rice bran
  • 16.4 Rice bran oil
  • 16.5 Bioactive phytochemicals in rice bran oil
  • 16.6 Role of bioactive components and activities
  • 16.7 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Different biological activities (antimicrobial, antitumoral, and antioxidant activities) of grape seed oil
  • Abstract
  • List of Abbreviations
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity
  • 17.3 Antitumoral activity
  • 17.4 Antimicrobial activity
  • 17.5 Other potential biological activities of grape seed oil
  • 17.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 18. Citrus seeds fixed oil, composition and its biological activities
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 What are fixed oils?
  • 18.3 Composition of citrus seeds fixed oil
  • 18.4 Biological activities of citrus fixed seed oil
  • 18.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 19. Biological activities of tea seed (Camellia oleifera Abel.) oil
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Chemical composition of tea seed oil
  • 19.3 Biological activities
  • 19.4 Concluding remarks and future trends
  • References
  • Chapter 20. Biological activities of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) oil
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Biological activities of rubber seed oil
  • 20.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 21. Biological activities of pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) pulp oil
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Pequi
  • 21.3 Nutritional composition
  • 21.4 Bioactive compounds of pequi
  • 21.5 Pequi pulp oil
  • 21.6 Biological activities of pequi pulp oil (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.)
  • 21.7 Final considerations
  • 21.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 22. Biological activities of Allanblackia (Allanblackia parviflora) oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Ethnobotany
  • 22.3 Nutritional and chemical compositions of Allanblackia parviflora
  • 22.4 Biological activity of Allanblackia parviflora
  • References
  • Chapter 23. Biological activities of pistachio (Pistacia vera) oil
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Pistacia vera chemical composition
  • 23.3 Uses of Pistacia vera
  • 23.4 Biological activities of Pistacia vera oil
  • 23.5 Biological activities of Pistacia vera by-products
  • 23.6 Safety concern
  • 23.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 24. Biological activities of argan (Argania spinosa L.) oil: Evidences from in vivo studies
  • Abstract
  • 24.1 Abbreviations
  • 24.2 Introduction
  • 24.3 Biological effects on human health
  • 24.4 Biological effects on animal health
  • 24.5 Bioactive compounds contributing to the biological activity of argan oil
  • 24.6 Safety and allergenicity of argan oil
  • 24.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 25. Biological activities of evening primrose oil
  • Abstract
  • 25.1 Introduction
  • 25.2 Biological activities
  • 25.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 26. Biological activities of Sclerocarya birrea kernel oil
  • Abstract
  • 26.1 Introduction
  • 26.2 Marula oil uses and biological activities
  • 26.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 27. Biological activities of Balanites aegyptiaca (Heglig) kernel oil
  • Abstract
  • 27.1 Introduction
  • 27.2 Economic outlook of Balanites aegyptiaca
  • 27.3 Balanites aegyptiaca different uses
  • 27.4 Balanites aegyptiaca Heglig as a medicinal tree
  • 27.5 Chemical composition of Balanites aegyptiaca Heglig
  • 27.6 Balanites aegyptiaca seed composition
  • 27.7 Balanites aegyptiaca kernel oil
  • 27.8 Biological activities of Balanites aegyptiaca oil
  • 27.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 28. Factors affecting the quality of produced unconventional seed oils
  • Abstract
  • List of abbreviations
  • 28.1 Introduction
  • 28.2 Agricultural factors
  • 28.3 Processing and handling of seed oils
  • 28.4 Seed oil storage conditions
  • 28.5 Quality characteristics
  • 28.6 Fatty acid composition
  • 28.7 Bioactive compounds
  • 28.8 Frying
  • 28.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 29. Chemical and compositional structures (fatty acids, sterols, and tocopherols) of unconventional seed oils and their biological activities
  • Abstract
  • 29.1 Introduction
  • 29.2 Pyrus glabra and Pyrus syriaca
  • 29.3 Chrozophora tinctoria
  • 29.4 Pistacia spp
  • 29.5 Nigella sativa
  • 29.6 Cucurbita pepo
  • 29.7 Lallemantia spp
  • References
  • Chapter 30. Chemistry and composition of coconut oil and its biological activities
  • Abstract
  • List of abbreviations
  • 30.1 Introduction
  • 30.2 Varieties of coconut
  • 30.3 Processing of coconut oil
  • 30.4 Physico-chemical properties of coconut oil
  • 30.5 Composition of coconut oil
  • 30.6 Virgin coconut oil composition
  • 30.7 Biological activities of coconut oil
  • 30.8 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 31. Biochemistry, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) oil
  • Abstract
  • 31.1 Introduction
  • 31.2 Fatty acid composition of hazelnut oils
  • 31.3 Volatile composition and key odorants of hazelnut oil
  • 31.4 Phenolic composition of hazelnut oils
  • 31.5 Antioxidant properties of hazelnut oil
  • 31.6 Antimicrobial activity of hazelnut oil
  • 31.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 32. Production process, methods of extraction, and refining technologies of unconventional seed oils
  • Abstract
  • 32.1 Introduction
  • 32.2 Production process
  • 32.3 Methods of extraction
  • 32.4 Refining process and related technologies
  • 32.5 Issues related to unconventional seed oil production for biological applications
  • 32.6 Rural vegetable oil production
  • 32.7 Transesterification for biodiesel production
  • 32.8 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 452
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: January 26, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903264
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128241356

About the Editor

Abdalbasit Mariod

Dr. Mariod is the founder of Ghibaish College of Science & Technology, Ghibaish, Sudan. He is a professor at the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science & Arts, Alkamil, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He obtained his PhD in Natural Sciences at Münster University, Münster, Germany. Dr. Mariod was considered for inclusion in WHO‘S WHO in the World, 28th Edition by Marquis Who’s Who Publications in May of 2010. He was also classified among the top 2% global highly cited researchers published in PLOS Biology by Stanford University in 2019. Dr. Mariod has obtained more than eight innovations medals and awards as well as nine scholarships and grants. He serves as an editorial board member of more than nine international journals, he has published 212 articles in peer-reviewd journals, and he has edited three books for Elsevier, four books for Springer, and four other books for local and regional publishers in Arabic.

Affiliations and Expertise

Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage Center, Ghibaish College of Science and Technology, Ghibaish, Sudan; Professor, College of Sciences and Arts-Alkamil, University of Jeddah, Alkamil, Saudi Arabia

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