Mollusca

Mollusca

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163262

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Description

Chemical Zoology, Volume VII, Mollusca, provides zoologists and chemists with an overview of the state of knowledge in chemistry and zoology and an introduction to the existing literature. The treatise is arranged by phyla, an arrangement which seemed most suitable for presenting chemical information of zoological significance and for bringing to the attention of chemists those aspects of biochemical diversity of greatest potential interest. Each section, dealing with a major phylum, is introduced by a discussion of the biology and systematics of the group. This is followed by chapters dealing with various aspects of the biochemistry of the group. This volume contains 14 chapters and begins with a discussion of the molluscan framework. This is followed by separate chapters on shell structure and formation, respiratory proteins, and nitrogen metabolism in molluscs. Subsequent chapters deal with molluscan byssus fibers, chemical embryology, pigments, carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism and distribution, endocrinology, anisosmotic and isosmotic cellular regulation, pharmacology, and biochemical ecology.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Chapter 1. The Molluscan Framework

    I. Introduction

    II. Phylogenetic Origins

    III. Unfolding of the Framework

    IV. Derivation of the Classes

    V. The Molluscan Subphyla

    References

    Chapter 2. Structure of the Molluscan Shell

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Mineral Architecture and Organic Ultrastructures in Molluscan Shells

    III. The Cuttle Bone (Sepia officinalis L.)

    IV. Mineralogy and Crystallography

    V. Uncalcified or Partly Calcified Organic Structures of Mollusk Shells

    VI. Colors of Shells

    VII. Biochemical Composition of the Nacreous Conchiolin in Relation to Its Ultrastructure

    VIII. Biochemical Data on Organic Components of Mollusk Shells

    IX. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. Shell Formation in Mollusks

    I. Introduction

    II. The System of Shell Formation—Compartments

    III. The Mantle and Calcium

    IV. Environment of Shell Formation

    V. Calcium Carbonate Deposition

    VI. Carbonic Anhydrase and Calcium Deposition

    VII. Shell Matrix and Crystallization

    VIII. Formation of Crystal Layers

    IX. Growth Increments

    X. Shell Decalcification

    XI. Shell Regeneration

    XII. Minor Elements and Trace Elements

    References

    Chapter 4. Byssus Fiber-Mollusca

    I. Description of the Byssus

    II. Molecular Structure of Byssus Fiber

    III. Elastic and Optical Properties of Byssus Fibers

    IV. The Formation of Byssus Fibers

    V. Summary

    References

    Chapter 5. Chemical Embryology of Mollusca

    I. Oogenesis and Vitellogenesis

    II. Fertilization

    III. Ooplasmic Segregation

    IV. Osmotic Regulation

    V. Breakdown and Utilization of the Yolk

    VI. Embryonic Nutrition

    VII. Nucleic Acids

    VIII. Protein Synthesis

    IX. Respiration

    X. Cell Metabolism

    XI. Cell Differentiation

    References

    Chapter 6. Pigments of Mollusca

    I. Carotenoids

    II. Indigoids

    III. Melanins

    IV. Sclerotins

    V. Ommochromes

    VI. Porphyrins (Excluding Hemoglobins)

    VII. Bile Pigments (Bilichromes)

    VIII. Hemochromogens (Other than Hemoglobins)

    IX. Miscellaneous Pigments

    References

    Chapter 7. Respiratory Proteins in Mollusks

    I. Introduction

    II. Hemoglobin

    III. Hemocyanin

    References

    Chapter 8. Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Blood Sugar

    III. Sugar Nucleotides

    IV. Mucopolysaccharides and Glycoproteins

    V. Galactogen

    VI. Glycogen

    References

    Chapter 9. Lipid and Sterol Components and Metabolism in Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of Lipids

    III. Metabolism of Lipids

    References

    Chapter 10. Nitrogen Metabolism in Mollusks

    I. Nitrogenous Constituents of Molluscan Organisms

    II. Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds

    III. Terminal Products of Nitrogen Metabolism in Mollusks

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 11. Endocrinology of Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Amphineura and Scaphopoda

    III. Lamellibranchia

    IV. Gastropoda

    V. Cephalopoda

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 12. Ionoregulation and Osmoregulation in Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Anisosmotic Extracellular Regulation

    III. Isosmotic Intracellular Regulation

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 13. Aspects of Molluscan Pharmacology

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Transmission at Synapses within the Central Nervous System

    III. Chemical Transmission at Neuromuscular Junctions

    IV. Chemical Regulation of Molluscan Hearts

    V. General Discussion of Chemical Transmission in Mollusks

    VI. Toxic Substances Elaborated by Mollusks

    VII. General Discussion of Molluscan Biotoxins

    References

    Chapter 14. Biochemical Ecology of Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. Aquatic Mollusks

    III. Intertidal Mollusks

    IV. Land Mollusks

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 590
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163262

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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