Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

1st Edition - January 1, 1989

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  • Editor: Abraham Marcus
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163361

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The Biochemistry of Plants, Volume 15: Molecular Biology presents information pertinent to gene expression, cytoskeletal proteins, and hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein. This book discusses the specific gene systems and examines the regulatory regions within the genes. Organized into 17 chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the important mechanism for regulating gene expression, which is significant in the selective turnover of gene products. This book then proceeds with a discussion of the concept of protein degradation and the extracellular carriers of genetic information. Other chapters review the viral and plasmid systems, which are relevant to plants. This text discusses as well the phenotypic changes in plants, including plant genetic tumor and habituated plant tissues that exhibit hormone autotrophic growth. The final chapter examines the importance of genetic manipulation at the cellular level via protoplast fusion, cell selection, and transformation. Biologists, biochemists, enzymologists, biophysicists, and plant scientists will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 15

    1 Regulation of Plant Gene Expression: General Principles

    I. Introduction

    II. The Plant Genome

    III. Measuring Gene Activity during Plant Development

    IV. Differential Gene Activity during Plant Development

    V. Regulation of Plant Gene Expression

    VI. The Role of cis-Acting Elements and trans-Acting Factors in Plant Gene Regulation


    2 Transposable Element Influence on Plant Gene Expression and Variation

    I. History and Perspectives

    II. Molecular Isolation and Characterization of Transposable Element Families

    III. Transposable Element Action

    IV. Gene Tagging with Transposable Elements


    3 The Chloroplast Genome

    I. Introduction

    II. Chloroplast DNA

    III. Genes for the Genetic Apparatus

    IV. Genes for the Photosynthetic Apparatus

    V. Conclusions


    4 Chloroplast RNA: Transcription and Processing

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chloroplast Transcription Apparatus

    III. RNA Processing

    IV. Transcriptional and Posttranscriptional Regulation of Plastid Gene Expression


    5 Protein Synthesis in Chloroplast

    I. Introduction

    II. In Organello and in Vitro Synthesis of Chloroplast Proteins

    III. Structure of Chloroplast Messenger RNAs

    IV. Translation

    V. Maturation of Proteins

    VI. Posttranscriptional Regulation of Chloroplast Gene Expression

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    6 The Plant Mitochondrial Genome

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Parameters of Mitochondrial DNA

    III. Mitochondrial Genome: Composition and Organization

    IV. Cells—Mitochondria—Mitochondrial DNA

    V. Promiscuous DNA

    VI. Genetic Complexity of Plant Mitochondrial Genomes

    VII. Mitochondrial Coding Sequences

    VIII. Gene Copy Number and Mapping

    IX. Transcription

    X. Ribosome Binding and Translation Initiation

    XI. Genomic Reorganization

    XII. Conclusions


    7 The Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Seed Storage Proteins

    I. Globulin Storage Proteins

    II. Synthesis and Deposition of Storage Globulins

    III. Organization and Structure of Storage Globulin Genes

    IV. Regulation of Globulin Gene Expression

    V. Prolamine Storage Proteins

    VI. Synthesis and Deposition of Cereal Prolamines

    VII. Organization and Structure of Prolamine Genes

    VIII. Regulation of Prolamine Gene Expression

    IX. Summary


    8 Stress-Induced Proteins: Characterization and the Regulation of Their Synthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Temperature Stress

    III. Drought and Salt Stress-Induced Proteins

    IV. Anaerobic Stress

    V. Response to Ultraviolet Light Exposure

    VI. Heavy Metal—Induced Proteins and Peptides

    VII. Biological Stress

    VIII. Summary and Perspective


    9 The Thaumatins

    I. Introduction

    II. Isolation and Characterization of Thaumatins

    III. Biochemistry and Physiology

    IV. Molecular Genetics of the Thaumatins

    V. Study of the Natural Genes Encoding Thaumatin

    VI. Production of Thaumatin by Microorganisms

    VII. Expression of Thaumatin in Plants Other Than Thaumatococcus daniellii

    VIII. Conclusions


    10 Cytoskeletal Proteins and Their Genes in Higher Plants

    I. The Cytoskeleton—A Definition

    II. The Structure of Cytoskeletal Elements

    III. Dynamics of the Cytoskeleton in Plant Cells

    IV. Microtubule Proteins and Their Genes

    V. Actin and Other Microfilament Proteins

    VI. Intermediate Filament Proteins


    11 Calmodulin and Calcium-Binding Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Calmodulin: Structure

    III. The Function of Calmodulin in Plant Cells 458

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    12 Plant Hydroxyproline-Rich Glycoproteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Cell Wall Hydroxyproline-Rich Glycoproteins or "Extensins"

    III. Arabinogalactan Proteins

    IV. Solanaceous Lectins

    V. Summary and Insights into Future Plant Hydroxyproline-Rich Glycoprotein Research


    13 Protein Degradation

    I. Introduction

    II. Functions of Protein Degradation

    III. Mechanisms for Degrading Proteins

    IV. Conclusions


    14 Viroids

    I. Introduction

    II. The Biochemical Uniqueness of Viroids

    III. The Biochemical Significance of Viroids

    IV. Molecular Structure

    V. Viroid Function

    VI. Analysis of Structure/Function Relationships

    VII. Mechanisms of Pathogenicity

    VIII. Possible Viroid Origins


    15 Biochemistry of DNA Plant Viruses

    I. Introduction

    II. Caulimoviruses (Double-Stranded DNA Viruses)

    III. Geminiviruses (Single-Stranded DNA Viruses)

    IV. Prospects for Using DNA Viruses as Gene Vectors


    16 Tumor Formation in Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Crown Gall Tumors

    III. Virus-Induced Tumors of Plants

    IV. Habituated Plant Tissues and Genetic Tumors

    V. Transfer of Genetic Information in the Biosphere


    17 Genetic Manipulation of Plant Cells

    I. Introduction

    II. Cell Selection

    III. Protoplast Fusion

    IV. Transformation

    V. Concluding Discussion



    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 724
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1989
  • Published: January 1, 1989
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163361

About the Editor

Abraham Marcus

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