Modular Treatment Approach for Drinking Water and Wastewater

Modular Treatment Approach for Drinking Water and Wastewater

1st Edition - August 12, 2022

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  • Editors: Satinder Kaur Brar, Pratik Kumar, Agnieszka Cuprys
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323854221
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323854214

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Modular Treatment Approach for Drinking Water and Wastewater is a comprehensive resource that explores the latest studies and techniques in the field of treating water. It offers a new approach to tackling the demand for a high-quality, economic and green water treatment system and providing clean water globally. This book focuses on a modular strategy, which allows for a customized retrofit solution to the constantly changing parameters that are dependent on current demand and requirements. It summarizes the principles of modular design, as well as current developments and perspectives. Beginning with an introduction to sustainable and integrated water management, the book then delves into topics such as the use of modular systems for the removal of organic micropollutants; adsorbent-based reactors for modular wastewater treatment; filtration systems in modular drinking water treatment systems; and the use of solar energy in modular drinking water treatment. The book closes with a chapter on life cycle assessment for drinking water supply and treatment systems. Modular Treatment Approach for Drinking Water and Wastewater provides a detailed overview of wastewater and drinking water treatment and is a must-have for researchers, students and professors working in these areas.

Key Features

  • Presents the whole lifecycle of a modular treatment approach
  • Includes global case studies, detailing the methods needed and the results possible for these treatment approaches
  • Provides flow charts and diagrams, giving the reader a step-by-step guide to implementing these techniques in their work
  • Explores futuristic approaches and changes in the wastewater treatment


Researchers, students and professors working in water and wastewater resources. Municipalities, technicians and students (graduate studies), who are interested in water treatment, nanotechnology, biological, chemical and physical removal techniques for pollutants, modelling, sensors and monitoring devices

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • Chapter 2. Characteristic of wastewater and drinking water treatment
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Wastewater treatment infrastructure
  • 2.3. Macropollutants in water and sludge
  • 2.4. Micropollutants in water and wastewater
  • 2.5. Water quality parameters
  • 2.6. Bottlenecks and limitations of centralized drinking water and wastewater treatment facilities
  • 2.7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Perspectives on the use of modular systems for organic micropollutants removal
  • 3.1. Introduction to challenges related to removal of organic micropollutants and possible solutions
  • 3.2. Organic micropollutants removal: current state of art
  • 3.3. Source-to-tap: Where to apply the new modules?
  • 3.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Modular treatment approach for drinking water and wastewater: introduction to a sustainable approach to decentralized treatment systems
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Wastewater treatment
  • 4.3. Wastewater treatment operations
  • 4.4. Modular wastewater treatment approaches
  • 4.5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Modular water treatment practice in cold countries
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Treatment units for modular drinking water system
  • 5.3. Operational challenges of modular treatment systems in a cold country
  • 5.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Introduction to modular wastewater treatment system and its significance
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Wastewater and its components
  • 6.3. Conventional practices and associated challenges in wastewater treatment
  • 6.4. Prospect of modular wastewater treatment units in developing countries
  • 6.5. Summary of findings
  • Chapter 7. Phytoremediation as a modular approach for greywater treatment
  • 7.1. Phytoremediation and constructed wetlands: a modular approach
  • 7.2. Greywater as a main component of domestic wastewater
  • 7.3. Constructed wetlands as nature-based solutions for greywater treatment
  • 7.4. Case study: authors experience with constructed wetlands and greywater
  • 7.5. Challenges and perspectives
  • Chapter 8. Design and principles of adsorbent-based reactors for modular wastewater treatment
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Adsorbent-based reactors
  • 8.3. Flow direction and the extent of adsorption
  • 8.4. Adsorbents used in adsorption-based reactors
  • 8.5. Principle of adsorption and its mechanism
  • 8.6. Design of multifunctional adsorbents
  • 8.7. Decentralized/modular treatment systems: need, significance, and case studies
  • 8.8. Challenges and future perspectives
  • 8.9. Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Electrode-based reactors in modular wastewater treatment
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Electrooxidation
  • 9.3. Electrochemical disinfection
  • 9.4. CLASS (closed loop advanced sanitation system)
  • 9.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. A review on advanced biological systems for modular wastewater treatment plants: process, application, and future in developing countries
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Modular constructed wetland-based treatment units
  • 10.3. Modular membrane bioreactor–based treatment units
  • 10.4. Modular microbial fuel cell–based treatment units
  • 10.5. Other advanced modular biological wastewater treatment units
  • 10.6. Evaluation of the performance of modular treatment units
  • Chapter 11. A life cycle assessment perspective to conventional and modular wastewater treatment
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Life cycle phases
  • 11.3. LCA of modular wastewater treatment systems
  • 11.4. Case studies centralized versus decentralized
  • Chapter 12. Concept of bioproduct recovery in relation to the modular treatment
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Sludge-to-energy concept
  • 12.3. Biodiesel production
  • 12.4. Biogas generation
  • 12.5. Biofertilizers
  • 12.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 13. Introduction to modular drinking water treatment system
  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Modular drinking water treatment systems: advantages
  • 13.3. Challenges in setting up modular drinking water treatment systems
  • 13.4. Factors affecting selection of modular drinking water treatment systems
  • 13.5. Design considerations for modular drinking water treatment systems
  • 13.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Role and importance of filtration system in modular drinking water treatment system
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Commercialized MDWTS
  • 14.3. Case studies
  • 14.4. Ultrastructure of filter vessel and important steps to be followed for efficient functioning in MDWTS
  • 14.5. Basic sizing formula and example of filter media
  • 14.6. Role of passive filter media to design a novel MDWTS
  • 14.7. Microbiological aspect of drinking water
  • 14.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 15. Role of membrane filtration in modular drinking water treatment system
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Types of membrane systems
  • 15.3. Modular design: a membrane technology aspects for drinking water treatment
  • 15.4. State of the art: application of the membrane treatment systems
  • 15.5. Case studies
  • 15.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 16. Modular drinking water systems: chemical treatment perspective
  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Community drinking water treatment
  • 16.3. The chlorination process
  • 16.4. Chlorination by-products
  • 16.5. Advanced chemical methods
  • 16.6. Challenges and future outlooks
  • 16.7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 17. Modular drinking water treatment system using ozonation and UV
  • 17.1. Ozonation drinking water treatment system (DWTS): a modular approach principle of ozonation
  • 17.2. UV-based treatment of drinking water sources: a modular approach principle of a UV light
  • 17.3. Current benefit and possible challenges to provide solution for a smaller community
  • 17.4. Case study and future perspective for the modular water treatment system
  • 17.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 18. Application of solar energy in modular drinking water treatment
  • 18.1. Introduction
  • 18.2. Solar energy used for desalination purpose
  • 18.3. Disinfection of drinking water using solar energy: solar disinfection
  • 18.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 19. Life cycle assessment drinking water supply and treatment systems
  • 19.1. Introduction
  • 19.2. Case study
  • 19.3. Review of LCA studies in water sector
  • 19.4. Summary
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: August 12, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323854221
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323854214

About the Editors

Satinder Kaur Brar

Satinder Kaur Brar is full professor at York University, Canada. She is leading the research group on the Bioprocessing and Nano-Enzyme Formulation Facility (BANEFF) at INRS. Her research interests lie in the development of finished products (formulations) of wastewater and wastewater sludge based value-added bioproducts, such as enzymes, organic acids, food bioproducts, platform chemicals and circular economy. The facility has so far led to the successful supervision of 30 PhDs, 8 Master’s and 6 postdoctoral students. She has collaborative programs with several industries in Canada and researchers from Argentina, Spain, Chile, Switzerland, France, Vietnam, China, USA, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Morocco, Tunisia and Ivory Coast. She Editor-in-Chief of Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering (Springer Journal) and has more than 400 publications, including ten books and handbooks that are academic standards and 6 patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Full Professor, York University, Ontario, Canada

Pratik Kumar

Pratik Kumar is an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Technology, Jammu (India) in the Department of Civil Engineering. He holds a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Civil Engineering (University Gold Medallist), a Master’s in technology degree in Environmental Engineering and Management (Institute Silver Medallist) and a Ph.D. in Water Science. He has authored over 25 publications in international peer-reviewed journals, more than 6 book chapters and a dozen research communications presented at various conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Jammu, India

Agnieszka Cuprys

Agnieszka Cuprys is currently a MSCA Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Her research involves exploring the most eco-friendly and cost-effective methods to improve wastewater treatment plant efficiency. She holds Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Ph.D. in Water Science (International Outreach Price). She has authored 11 research papers, 3 book chapters and 2 research communications at international conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway

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