Modern Methods for the Separation of Rarer Metal Ions

Modern Methods for the Separation of Rarer Metal Ions

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Author: Johann Korkisch
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483186313

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Description

Modern Methods for the Separation of Rarer Metal Ions describes several separation methods of more than 50 elements. This book is divided into 19 chapters that include separation methods involving the actinide elements, rare earths, and many rarer elements of the main and transition groups of the periodic table. The introductory chapter discusses the principles of the separation techniques presented in this book. The remaining chapters explore the application of specific separation methods, such as ion exchange, chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction, distillation, and coprecipitation. The approach of each chapter is a presentation of separation principle of an element first followed by numerous examples of applications to the solution of practical problems encountered in separation chemistry. Chapters 2 and 3 examine the separations involving the actinides and rare earth elements using ion exchange and liquid-liquid extraction These are followed by chapters dealing with separations of other rarer elements, which have been arranged according to their position in the periodic table. These elements are: Li, Rb, Cs, Fr, Be, Ra, Ga, In, Tl, Ge, Ag, Au, Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Tc, Re and the platinum metals. This book will be of great use to analytical chemists.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1. Separation Techniques

    1.1. Ion Exchange

    1.1.1. Ion Exchange Resins

    1.1.2. Ion Exchange Selectivities

    1.1.3. Ion Exchange Separations

    1.1.4. Inorganic Ion Exchangers

    1.2. Chromatography

    1.2.1. Partition Chromatography

    1.2.2. Paper Chromatography

    1.2.3. Electrochromatography

    1.2.4. Partition Chromatography on Thin Layers

    1.2.5. Reversed-Phase Partition Chromatography

    1.2.6. Gas Chromatography

    1.3. Liquid-Liquid Extraction

    1.3.1. The Extraction Process

    1.3.2. Types of Solute

    1.3.3. Applications

    1.4. Distillation

    1.5. Coprecipitation

    1.6. Selected Bibliography

    2. Actinide Elements

    2.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    2.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    2.2.1. Separation as Anionic Sulphate Complexes ("Sulphate Method")

    2.2.2. Separation as Anionic Chloride Complexes ("Chloride Method")

    2.2.3. Separation as Anionic Nitrate Complexes ("Nitrate Method")

    2.2.4. Separation as Anionic Complexes with Various Other Complexing Agents

    2.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    2.3.1. Separation on Cellulose Columns

    2.3.2. Separation by Paper Chromatography, Paper Electrophoresis and on the Ring-Oven

    2.3.3. Separation by Partition Chromatography on Silica Gel

    2.3.4. Separation by Reversed-Phase Partition Chromatography

    2.4. Extraction Methods

    2.4.1. Extraction with Ethers

    2.4.2. Extraction with Ketones

    2.4.3. Extraction with Ethyl Acetate

    2.4.4. Extraction with Organic Phosphorus Compounds

    2.4.5. Extraction with Chelating Agents

    2.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    3. Rare Earth Elements

    3.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    3.1.1. Hydrochloric Acid Media

    3.1.2. Sulphuric Acid Media

    3.1.3. Nitric Acid Media

    3.1.4. Other Media

    3.1.5. Media Containing Organic Complexing Agents

    3.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    3.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    3.3.1. Separation by Partition Chromatography

    3.3.2. Separation by Reversed-Phase Partition Chromatography

    3.4. Extraction Methods

    3.4.1. Extraction with Ethers, Ketones and Alcohols

    3.4.2. Extraction with Organic Phosphorus Compounds

    3.4.3. Extraction with Chelating Agents

    3.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    4. Lithium

    4.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    4.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    4.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    4.4. Extraction Methods

    5. Rubidium, Caesium and Francium

    5.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    5.1.1. Separation on Cation Exchange Resins

    5.1.2. Separation on Inorganic Cation Exchangers

    5.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    5.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    5.4. Extraction Methods

    5.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    6. Beryllium

    6.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    6.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    6.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    6.4. Extraction Methods

    6.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    7. Radium

    7.1. Separation on Ion Exchangers

    7.2. Other Chromatographic Methods

    7.3. Extraction Methods

    7.4. Separation by Coprecipitation

    8. Gallium, Indium and Thallium

    8.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    8.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    8.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    8.4. Extraction Methods

    8.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    9. Germanium

    9.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    9.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    9.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    9.4. Extraction Methods

    9.5. Distillation Methods

    9.6. Separation by Coprecipitation

    10. Selenium, Tellurium and Polonium

    10.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    10.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    10.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    10.4. Extraction Methods

    10.5. Distillation Methods

    10.6. Separation by Coprecipitation

    11. Silver

    11.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    11.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    11.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    11.4. Extraction Methods

    11.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    12. Gold

    12.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    12.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    12.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    12.4. Extraction Methods

    12.4.1. Extraction of Tetrachloroaurate

    12.4.2. Extraction of Tetrabromoaurate

    12.4.3. Miscellaneous Methods for the Extraction of Gold

    12.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    13. Titanium

    13.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    13.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    13.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    13.4. Extraction Methods

    13.4.1. Extraction of Titanium Thiocyanate

    13.4.2. Extraction of Titanium Cupferrate

    13.4.3. Extraction with Miscellaneous Reagents

    13.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    14. Zirconium and Hafnium

    14.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    14.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    14.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    14.4. Extraction Methods

    14.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    15. Vanadium

    15.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    15.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    15.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    15.4. Extraction Methods

    15.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    16. Niobium and Tantalum

    16.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    16.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    16.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    16.4. Extraction Methods

    16.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    17. Molybdenum and Tungsten

    17.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    17.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    17.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    17.4. Extraction Methods

    17.4.1. Extraction of Halide Complexes

    17.4.2. Extraction of Thiocyanate Complexes

    17.4.3. Extraction of Dithiol Complexes

    17.4.4. Extraction of Benzoin α-Oxime (BO) Complexes

    17.4.5. Extraction of Oxine Complexes

    17.4.6. Extraction of Cupferron Complexes

    17.4.7. Extraction of Acetylacetone Complexes

    17.4.8. Extraction with Alkylphosphates

    17.4.9. Extraction with 2-Thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA)

    17.4.10. Extraction with Miscellaneous Reagents

    17.5. Separation by Coprecipitation

    18. Technetium and Rhenium

    18.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    18.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    18.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    18.4. Extraction Methods

    18.4.1. Extraction with Tetraphenylarsonium Chloride (TPAC)

    18.4.2. Extraction with Cyclic Organic Bases and Ketones

    18.4.3. Extraction of Thiocyanate Complexes

    18.4.4. Extraction with Miscellaneous Reagents

    18.5. Separation by Distillation and Sublimation

    18.6. Separation by Coprecipitation

    19. Platinum Metals

    19.1. Separation on Cation Exchangers

    19.2. Separation on Anion Exchangers

    19.3. Other Chromatographic Methods

    19.4. Extraction Methods

    19.4.1. Extraction with Ethers, Ketones and Esters

    19.4.2. Extraction with Tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP)

    19.4.3. Extraction with Chloroform and Carbon Tetrachloride

    19.4.4. Extraction with Pyridine

    19.4.5. Extraction with Chelating Agents

    19.5. Distillation Methods

    19.6. Separation by Coprecipitation

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483186313

About the Author

Johann Korkisch

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