Models in Planning

Models in Planning

An Introduction to the Use of Quantitative Models in Planning

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

Write a review

  • Author: C. Lee
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137377

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Models in Planning: An Introduction to the Use of Quantitative Models in Planning focuses on some of the techniques utilized for the construction of urban and regional models, with emphasis on the understanding of model structure rather than on rigorous mathematical analysis. Organized into eight chapters, this book begins by explaining the role of models in the planning process. Subsequent chapters elucidate the principles for the design and use of models, and the mathematical preliminaries involved. The different models, namely, linear, gravity, and Lowry models, are also described including their optimization. This material will be very useful for students and practicing planners with a limited numerate background. It will allow readers to follow up the extensive literature dealing with the more complex operational versions of the discussed models.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments


    1 The Role of Models in the Planning Process

    The Planning Process

    The Nature of Models

    Models in the Planning Process

    2 Principles for the Design and Use of Models

    Problem Definition

    Model Formulation

    Simulation and Validation


    3 Mathematical Preliminaries


    Constants and Parameters

    Relationships and Functions


    Summation Signs


    Solving Equations

    4 Linear Models

    Simple Linear Relationships

    Multiple-Variable Models

    Measuring the Strength of Linear Relationships

    Problems and Limitations

    Examples of Use

    5 Gravity Models

    Origin of Gravity Models

    The Modern Form of the Gravity Model

    Gravity Models as Location Models

    Problems and Limitations

    Examples of Use

    6 The Lowry Model

    Partial and General Models

    The General Structure of the Lowry Model

    The Economic Base Mechanism

    The Location of Activities

    The Integration of the Economic Base and Allocation Mechanisms

    Problems and Limitations

    Examples of Use

    7 Optimizing Models

    Optimizing Models as a Planning Tool

    Graphical Solution of an Optimizing Problem

    Problems and Limitations

    8 Conclusions

    The Characteristics of Urban Systems

    The Characteristics of Existing Urban Models

    A Possible Change of Approach

    Appendix: Calculation of Regression and Correlation Coefficients

    Regression Coefficients

    Correlation Coefficient


Product details

  • No. of pages: 154
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137377

About the Author

C. Lee

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Models in Planning"