A Modern Treatment

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Author: R. Shone
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258096

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Microeconomics: A Modern Treatment focuses on modern approaches to microeconomics. Alternative systems are discussed including input-output analysis as against neoclassical production theory. The theory of choice and the preference and utility approaches to consumer theory are also considered, along with linear and nonlinear theories of production, the theory of market demand and supply, and welfare economics. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to economic science and its propositions, as well as the importance of establishing a clearly defined set of postulates on which the whole edifice of economic knowledge rests. The discussion then turns to the theory of choice and the preference and utility approaches to consumer theory; neoclassical as opposed to modern consumer choice; production theory and the production set of the economy; and the theory of market demand and supply. Subsequent chapters deal with the theory of exchange and general equilibrium; welfare economics; and stability and introductory dynamics. This monograph will be of value to economists and those interested in microeconomics.

Table of Contents

  • Preface



    Part I Methodology

    Chapter 1 Economic Science

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Classifying Economic Propositions

    1.3 Introduction of a γ-class

    1.4 Refutation and Verification

    1.5 Axiomatics and Model Building

    1.6 A Summing Up

    Part II Consumer Theory

    Chapter 2 The Theory of Choice

    2.1 The Problem Stated

    2.2 The Choice Set and Attainable Set

    2.3 Relations and Orderings

    2.4 The Relations P, R and I

    2.5 The Axioms of Choice Theory

    2.6 Continuity of Preferences

    2.7 'The' General Economic Problem

    2.8 Some Unsettled Questions

    Appendix 2A Choice Under Uncertainty

    Appendix 2B Social Choice

    Chapter 3 Preference and Utility Approaches to Consumer Theory

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 The Consumption Choice Set

    3.3 Important Properties of Rn and En

    3.4 A New Look at Elementary Indifference Curves

    3.5 Convex Sets, Convex/Concave and Quasiconvex/Quasiconcave Functions

    3.6 The Axiom of Convexity

    3.7 The Utility Function

    3.8 Some Deductions from Neoclassical UtiUty Theory

    3.9 Separability of the Utility Function and Some Extensions

    3.10 Revealed Preference Theory

    Chapter 4 Neoclassical and Modern Consumer Choice Compared

    4.1 Neoclassical Optimisation

    4.2 Restrictions on the Demand Equations

    4.3 Compensated Demand Curves

    4.4 Groups of Commodities

    4.5 Prices in the UtiUty Function

    4.6 The Kuhn-Tucker Conditions for an Optimal Solution

    4.7 Neoclassical Optimisation Reconsidered

    4.8 A New Look at Consumer Optimality

    4.9 The GeneraUsed Substitution Theorem

    4.10 Revealed Preference Theory Revisited

    Appendix 4A The Kuhn-Tucker Theorems

    Part III Production Theory

    Chapter 5 The Theory of Production

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Axioms of Production

    5.3 Convex Cones

    5.4 The Production Set of the Economy

    5.5 Profit Maximisation

    5.6 Continuity and Semi-continuity of Functions and Correspondences

    Chapter 6 Linear Theories of Production

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Ricardian Model

    6.3 Input-Output Model

    6.4 Decomposability and Perron-Frobenius Theorem

    6.5 Activity Analysis

    6.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 7 Non-Linear Production Theory

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The Production Function

    7.3 Homogeneous and Homothetic Production Functions

    7.4 Equilibrium of the Firm

    7.5 Comparative Statics of the Firm

    7.6 A Critique of Traditional Production Theory

    Part IV General Equiubrium Theory

    Chapter 8 Theory of Market Demand and Supply

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Derivation of Individual Demand Curves

    8.3 Derivation of Individual Supply Curves

    8.4 Market Demand

    8.5 A First Introduction to Equilibrium

    8.6 Normalised Price Set

    8.7 The Mathematics of EquiUbrium Points

    Chapter 9 Theory of Exchange and General Equilibrium

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Axioms of Exchange

    9.3 Pure Exchange Model — Neoclassical Version

    9.4 Existence of EquiUbrium in a General Exchange Model

    9.5 Existence of EquiUbrium in an Open Leontief Model

    Chapter 10 Welfare Economics

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Pareto Optimality

    10.3 The Social Welfare Function

    10.4 Interdependent Utilities

    10.5 PubUc Goods

    10.6 Theory of Second Best

    10.7 The Core of an Economy

    Part V Introduction to Dynamics

    Chapter 11 Stability and Introductory Dynamics

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Static Stability

    11.3 Dynamics

    11.4 Stability in an Open Leontief Model

    11.5 Conclusion



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 346
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258096

About the Author

R. Shone

About the Editor

Karl Shell

Affiliations and Expertise

Cornell University

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