Microbiorobotics is a new engineering discipline that inherently involves a multidisciplinary approach (mechanical engineering, cellular biology, mathematical modeling, control systems, synthetic biology, etc). Building robotics system in the micro scale is an engineering task that has resulted in many important applications, ranging from micromanufacturing techniques to cellular manipulation. However, it is also a very challenging engineering task. One of the reasons is because many engineering ideas and principles that are used in larger scales do not scale well to the micro-scale. For example, locomotion principles in a fluid do not function in the same way, and the use of rotational motors is impractical because of the difficulty of building of the required components.

Key Features

  • Microrobotics is an area that is acknowledged to have massive potential in applications from medicine to manufacturing. This book introduces an inter-disciplinary readership to the toolkit that micro-organisms offer to micro-engineering
  • The design of robots, sensors and actuators faces a range of techology challenges at the micro-scale. This book shows how biological techniques and materials can be used to meet these challenges
  • World-class multi-disciplanry editors and contributors leverage insights from engineering, mathematical modeling and the life sciences – creating a novel toolkit for microrobotics


MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) engineers, Mechanical, biomedical and electrical engineers in corporate R&D groups and academia; robotics professionals; graduate students in disciplines listed

Table of Contents



About the Editors

PART 1. Introduction

Motivation for Microbiorobotics

Historical Overview

Low Reynolds number swimming

Taxis of microorganisms

Artificial bio-inspired microrobots

Biological microrobots


About this Book



PART 2. Fundamentals of Cellular Mechanics

Chapter 1. Fluid–Structure Interactions and Flagellar Actuation

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Hydrodynamics of slender filaments

1.3 Elastic forces in slender filaments

1.4 Swimming velocity of bacterium with helical flagellum

1.5 Fluid–structure interactions in bacterial flagella

1.6 Flagella in viscoelastic fluids

1.7 Fluid–structure interaction in eukaryotic flagella

1.8 Probing dynein coordination using models of spontaneous flagellar beating

Chapter 2. Mathematical Models for Individual Swimming Bacteria

2.1 Introduction

2.2 The biological, mathematical, and numerical background

2.3 A selective survey of recent progress in modeling applications

2.4 Future perspectives


Chapter 3. in Motion

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Tetrahymena as a model cell

3.3 Migratory responses in biology

3.4 Specific signaling pathways

3.5 Microbiorobotics in Tetrahymena

3.6 Migration-specific phenomena

3.7 Strategies in migration assays in Tetrahymena

3.8 Concluding remarks


PART 3. Theoretical Microbiorobotics

Chapter 4. Broadcast Control for a Large Array of Stochastically Controlled Piezoelectric Actuators

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Cellular control system inspired by biological muscles

4.3 Piezoelectric actuator cells with large strain amplification

4.4 Stochastic broadcast feedback

4.5 Fingerprint method for modeling and c


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© 2012
William Andrew
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