Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

1st Edition - September 20, 2018

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  • Editors: Surajit Das, Hirak Dash
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128148501
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128148495

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Description

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era presents insights on the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny, along with their applications and respective pros and cons. Though many advanced techniques for the identification of any unknown bacterium are available in the genomics era, a far fewer number of the total microbial species have been discovered and identified to date. The assessment of microbial taxonomy and biosystematics techniques discovered and practiced in the current genomics era with suitable recommendations is the prime focus of this book.

Key Features

  • Discusses the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny with their applications and respective pros and cons
  • Reviews the evolving field of bacterial typing and the genomic technologies that enable comparative analysis of multiple genomes and the metagenomes of complex microbial environments
  • Provides a uniform, standard methodology for species designation

Readership

Researchers in microbiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, genetics and phylogeny

Table of Contents

  • Section I: Overview of microbial diversity
    1.1 Methods of assessment of microbial diversity in natural environments
    1.2 Metagenomic Achievements in Microbial Diversity Determination in Croplands: A Review
    1.3 Genomic diversity and evolution of rhizobia
    1.4 Microbial biodiversity study of a brackish water ecosystem in eastern India: The Chilika Lake
    1.5 Microbial diversity and community analysis of Sundarban mangrove, the world heritage site

    Section II: Molecular tools in microbial diversity
    2.1Analysing Functional Microbial Diversity: An Overview of Techniques
    2.2 Genetic analysis of the bacterioplankton biology and ecology through next-generation high-throughput molecular techniques

      Gurdeep Rastogi, Pratiksha Behera, and Madhusmita Mohapatra
    2.3 Molecular tools in microbial diversity: Functional assessment tool of genome and metagenome by MAPLE
    2.4 A polyphasic taxonomic approach for designation and description of novel microbial species
    2.5 Biochemical strategies to counter nitrosative stress: Nanofactories for value-added products
    2.6 Exploring microbial diversity and function in petroleum hydrocarbon associated environments through Omics approaches

    Section III: Extremophilic microbial diversity
    3.1 Diversity of Psychrophilic Bacteria in Sea and Glacier Ice environments – Insights through Genomics, Metagenomics and Proteomics Approaches
    3.2 Microbial diversity of thermophiles through the lens of next generation sequencing
    3.3 Microbial ecology in extreme acidic environments: use of molecular tools
    3.4 Alkaliphiles: Diversity and bioprospection
    3.5Cyanobacteria from Brazilian extreme environments: toward functional exploitation
    3.6 Comparative genomics of Halobacterium strains from diverse locations
    3.7 Microbial community dynamics of extremophiles/extreme environment
    3.8 Opening the black box of thermophilic autotrophic bacterial diversity

    Section IV: Functional Microbial Diversity
    4.1Functional microbial diversity in context to agriculture
    4.2 Functional microbial diversity in contaminated environment and application in bioremediation
    4.3 Structural and functional diversity of microbial metallothionein genes
    4.4 Functional diversity of bacterial strategies to cope with metal toxicity
    4.5 Functional microbial diversity: Functional genomics and metagenomics using MAPLE
    4.6 Linking the environmental microbial diversity and antibiotic resistance
    4.7 Applications of metagenomics in microbial bioremediation of pollutants: From genomics to environmental cleanup

    Section V: Microbial diversity and infectious diseases
    5.1 Molecular techniques for diagnosis of bacterial plant pathogens
    5.2 Molecular techniques for the study of microbial diversity with special emphasis on drug resistant microbes
    5.3 Exploring human bacterial diversity towards prevention of infectious disease and health promotion
    5.4 Prevalence of Multidrug Resistance Efflux Pumps (MDREPs) in Environmental Communities
    5.5 Pathogenic microbial genetic diversity with reference to significant medical and public health

    Section VI: Future directions of microbial diversity studies
    6.1 Understanding the structure and function of extreme microbiome through genomics: scope and challenges
    6.2 The role and future possibilities of next-generation sequencing in studying microbial diversity
    6.3 Taxonomical diversity of extremophiles in the deep biosphere
    6.4 Molecular evolution of Xenobiotic-degrading genes and mobile DNA elements in soil bacteria

Product details

  • No. of pages: 710
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2018
  • Published: September 20, 2018
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128148501
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128148495

About the Editors

Surajit Das

Dr. Surajit Das is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha, India since 2009. He received his Ph.D. in Microbiology from Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India. He has been the awardee of Endeavour Research Fellowship of Australian Government for carrying out Postdoctoral research at University of Tasmania on marine microbial technology. He is currently conducting research as the group leader of Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology and Ecology (LEnME) on biofilm based bioremediation of PAHs and heavy metals by marine bacteria, nanoparticle-based drug delivery and nano-bioremediation; and the metagenomic approach for exploring the diversity of catabolic gene and immunoglobulins in the Indian Major Carps, with the help of research grants from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology and Ecology, NIT, India

Hirak Dash

Dr. Hirak Ranjan Dash completed his Ph.D. from Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India and currently working as Scientific Officer (DNA), Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India. He did his M.Sc. Microbiology from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. His research interests include molecular microbiology, microbial bioremediation, marine microbiology, microbial phylogeny, genetic manipulation of bacterial systems and microbial diversity. He has developed a number of microbial techniques for assessment of mercury pollution in marine environments. Discovery of a novel approach of mercury resistance i.e. intracellular biosorption in marine bacteria has been reported by him. He has successfully constructed a transgenic marine bacterium for enhanced utilization in mercury removal by simultaneous mercury volatilization and sequestration. He has also worked in the field of genotyping and antibiotic resistance mechanism of pathogenic Vibrio and Staphylococcus spp.

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientific Officer (DNA), Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar Home (Police) Department, Madhya Pradesh, India

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  • HidetoTakami Tue Dec 11 2018

    Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

    Good for srudents