Description

Global populations have grown rapidly in recent decades, leading to ever increasing demands for shelter, resources, energy and utilities. Coupled with the worldwide need to achieve lower impact buildings and conservation of resources, the need to achieve sustainability in urban environments has never been more acute. This book critically reviews the fundamental issues and applied science, engineering and technology that will enable all cities to achieve a greater level of metropolitan sustainability, and assist nations in meeting the needs of their growing urban populations.

Part one introduces key issues related to metropolitan sustainability, including the use of both urban metabolism and benefit cost analysis. Part two focuses on urban land use and the environmental impact of the built environment. The urban heat island effect, redevelopment of brownfield sites and urban agriculture are discussed in depth, before part three goes on to explore urban air pollution and emissions control. Urban water resources, reuse and management are explored in part four, followed by a study of urban energy supply and management in part five. Solar, wind and bioenergy, the role of waste-to-energy systems in the urban infrastructure, and smart energy for cities are investigated. Finally, part six considers sustainable urban development, transport and planning.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Metropolitan sustainability is an essential resource for low-impact building engineers, sustainability consultants and architects, town and city planners, local/municipal authorities, and national and non-governmental bodies, and provides a thorough overview for academics of all levels in this field.

Key Features

  • Critically reviews the fundamental issues and applied science, engineering and technology that will enable all cities to achieve a greater level of metropolitan sustainability
  • Will assist nations in meeting the needs of their growing urban populations
  • Chapters discuss urban land use, the environmental impact of the build environment, the urban heat island effect, urban air pollution and emissions control, among other topics

Readership

Low-impact building engineers, sustainability consultants and architects; Town and city planners, local/municipal authorities, national and non-governmental bodies; Academics in this field

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Introduction

Part I: Metropolitan sustainability: an introduction

Chapter 1: A living city: using urban metabolism analysis to view cities as life forms

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction: urban metabolism (UM), or urban energy systems

1.2 Divergent measuring approaches in UM analysis

1.3 UM studies

1.4 Understanding cities through UM

1.5 Directions for planning and policy

1.6 Future trends

Chapter 2: Benefit cost analysis for environmental decision making: using discounting to compare benefits and costs that occur at different points in time

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 The rationale for discounting

2.3 A framework for intertemporal discounting

2.4 Discounting for climate change

2.5 Enhancing and improving net present value

2.6 Acknowledgement

Chapter 3: Quantifying sustainability: industrial ecology, materials flow and life cycle analysis

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction to industrial ecology

3.2 Materials flow analysis (MFA)

3.3 Life cycle analysis (LCA)

3.4 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Separation of mixtures: fundamentals and technologies

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Characterization of separation processes

4.3 Balance equations

4.4 Preliminary separation process calculations

4.5 Multi-stage separations

4.6 Filtration

4.7 Conclusions and sources of further information

4.8 Acknowledgement

4.10 Appendix: Algorithm for solving equations 4.4, 4.9 and 4.10

Part II: Earth: urban land use and the environmental impact of the built environment

Chapter 5: The urban heat island effect: causes and potential solutions

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Basic causes an

Details

No. of pages:
776
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9780857090461
Electronic ISBN:
9780857096463

About the editor

F Zeman

Frank Zeman is Assistant Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the Royal Military College of Canada, and the former Director of the Center for Metropolitan Sustainability at the New York Institute of Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Military College of Canada, Canada