Metal Hydrides - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483232157, 9781483272931

Metal Hydrides

1st Edition

Editors: William M. Mueller James P. Blackledge George G. Libowitz
eBook ISBN: 9781483272931
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 804
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Description

Metal Hydrides focuses on the theories of hydride formation as well as on experimental procedures involved in the formation of hydrides, the reactions that occur between hydrides and other media, and the physical and mechanical properties of the several classes of hydrides. The use of metal hydrides in the control of neutron energies is discussed, as are many other immediate or potential uses, e.g., in the production of high-purity hydrogen and in powder metallurgy. It is hoped that this book will serve as a valuable reference to students, research professors, and industrial researchers in metal hydrides and in allied fields. Selected chapters may serve specialists in other fields as an introduction to metal hydrides. The information contained herein will also be of lasting and practical value to the metallurgist, inorganic chemist, solid-state physicist, nuclear engineer, and others working with chemical or physical processes involving metal-hydrogen systems.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Chapter 1. An Introduction to the Nature and Technology of Hydrides

1-1 Classification of the Hydrides

1-2 Deutendes and Tritides

1-3 Massive Hydrides

1-4 Uses for Metal Hydrides

1-5 Hydrogen Embrittlement in Metals

References

Chapter 2. Hydrides in Nuclear Reactor Applications

2-1 Neutron Physics

2-2 Hydrides in Reactor Components

2-3 Moderators

2-4 Metal Hydrides as Moderator Materials

2-5 Reflectors

2-6 Metal Hydrides as Reflector Materials

2-7 Shields

2-8 Metal Hydrides as Shielding Materials

2-9 Controls

2-10 Metal Hydrides as Control Materials

2-11 Hydrogen Containment

2-12 Radiation Stability of Metal Hydrides

2-13 Thermal Stability of Metal Hydrides

References

Chapter 3. The Thermodynamics of Metal-Hydrogen Systems

3-1 Adsorption of Hydrogen on Metal Surfaces

3-2 Solution of Hydrogen in Metals and Formation of Hydrides

References

Chapter 4. Statistical Mechanics of Metal-Hydrogen Systems

4-1 Ideal Solutions of Hydrogen in Metals

4-2 Interaction of Hydrogen Atoms in Solution

4-3 Lattice Defects in the Hydride Phase

4-4 Summary

References

Chapter 5. Chemistry of Metal Hydrides as Related to Their Applications in Nuclear Technology

5-1 Chemical Reactions

5-2 Preparation of the Hydrides

5-3 Analytical Techniques for Determination of Hydrogen Content

References

Chapter 6. Saline Hydrides

6-1 General Information

6-2 Dissociation Behavior of the Saline Hydrides

6-3 Properties of the Saline Hydrides

6-4 Ionic Crystal Theory Applied to the Saline Hydrides

6-5 Preparation of the Saline Hydrides and of Beryllium Hydride

References

Chapter 7. Zirconium Hydrides and Hafnium Hydrides

7-1 Zirconium Hydride

7-2 Zirconium-Hydrogen Phase System

7-3 Properties of Zirconium Hydrides

7-4 Hafnium Hydride

7-5 Hafnium-Hydrogen Phase System

7-6 Zirconium-Hafnium-Hydrogen Phase System

References

Chapter 8. Titanium Hydrides

8-1 Titanium-Hydrogen Phase System

8-2 Thermodynamic Properties of the Titanium-Hydrogen System

8-3 Physical and Mechanical Properties of Titanium-Hydrogen Alloys

8-4 Titanium-Base Alloy-Hydrogen Systems

References

Chapter 9. The Rare-Earth Hydrides

9-1 General Characteristics of the Rare-Earth Hydrides

9-2 Specific Hydrides and Deutendes

References

Chapter 10. Yttrium and Scandium Hydrides

10-1 Yttrium Hydride

10-2 Phase Relations in the Yttrium-Hydrogen System

10-3 Microstructure of Hydrided Yttrium

10-4 Properties of Yttrium Hydrides

10-5 Scandium Hydride

10-6 The Scandium-Yttrium-Hydrogen System

References

Chapter 11. The Actinide Hydrides

11-1 Preparation and Kinetics of Formation of the Hydrides

11-2 Phase Relations

11-3 Crystal Structures

11-4 Thermodynamic Properties

11-5 Electrical and Magnetic Properties

11-6 Metallography and Mechanical Properties

11-7 Other Information on Actinide-Hydrogen Systems

11-8 Three-Component Systems

References

Chapter 12. The Covalent Hydrides and Hydrides of the Groups V to VIII Transition Metals

12-1 Group IB—Copper, Silver, and Gold

12-2 Group II—Beryllium, Magnesium, Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury

12-3 Group III—Boron, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, and Thallium

12-4 Silicon, Germanium, Tin, and Lead

12-5 Group V Transition-Metal Hydrides—Niobium, Vanadium, and Tantalum

12-6 Groups VI and VII—Chromium, Molybdenum, Tungsten, Manganese, Technetium, and Rhenium

12-7 Group VIII Metals—Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Osmium, Iridium, and Platinum

References

Chapter 13. Fabrication of Hydrides

13-1 Preparation of the Hydride

13-2 Fabrication of Powdered Hydrides

13-3 Machining and Grinding

13-4 Cladding and Canning

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
804
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1968
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483272931

About the Editor

William M. Mueller

James P. Blackledge

George G. Libowitz