Mental Retardation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080133713, 9781483137834

Mental Retardation

1st Edition

Some Recent Developments in the Study of Causes and Social Effects of This Problem

Authors: Brian H. Kirman
eBook ISBN: 9781483137834
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 50
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Description

Mental Retardation summarizes some developments in the study of the causes and social effects of mental retardation. The problem of definition and recognition is emphasized, along with its relationship to frequency and to the changes that have occurred in the natural history and prevalence of mental handicap in general and of some of its specific constituent disorders in particular. This book covers a wide range of topics related to mental retardation, from its prevalence and causes to prevention and treatment; chemical disorders and other enzyme defects; the effect of a hypothetical restriction of child-bearing age on trisomic chromosome disorders; and recessive heredity and Mendelian inheritance. Prominence is given to habilitation in the prevention of secondary handicap and to the importance of minimizing cultural retardation. Genetic disorders and their detection are also discussed, along with the link between cerebral palsy and mental retardation; the correlation between blood groups and mental retardation; and congenital malformations such as hydrocephalus, spina bifida, and anencephaly.
This monograph will be a valuable resource for physicians and other health professionals in the field of mental retardation, as well as students of the social sciences, education and medicine and by others who wish to have a simple guide to a complex and common form of human impairment.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Mental Retardation

No Immediate Danger of Decline of National Intelligence

The Need for Information

Prevalence of Mental Retardation

Causes of Mental Retardation

Chemical Disorders

Possibilities of Treatment

Other Enzyme Defects

Recessive Heredity

Children of the Mentally Retarded

Mendelian Inheritance

Consanguinity

Detection of Carriers

Significance of Carrier State

Direct Transmission

Mutations

A Hereditary Deformity of Head and Hands

Parental Age

Chromosome Studies

Abnormalities of Sex Chromosomes

The Barr Body

Turner's Syndrome

Down's Syndrome

Human Mosaics

Malformation of the Nervous System

Hydrocephalus, Spina Bifida and Anencephaly

Blood Groups and Mental Retardation

Cerebral Palsy and Mental Retardation

Twins

Birth Hazards

Potential and Achievement

Research in Rehabilitation

Cultural Retardation

The Brooklands Experiment

The Need for Further Effort

Further Reading

Details

No. of pages:
50
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1968
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483137834

About the Author

Brian H. Kirman

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