Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models
  • Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development
  • Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes


Chemical engineers, applied physicists, polymer chemists, materials scientists, environmental scientists and engineers, civil engineers, as well as researchers in fields such as desalination, wastewater treatment, food processing etc.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Membrane Distillation
2. Membranes used in MD and design
3. Formation of flat sheet phase inversion MD membranes
4. Formation of hollow fibre MD membranes
5. Thermally induced phase separation for MD membrane formation
6. Membrane modification for MD membrane formation
7. Formation of nano-fibre MD membranes
8. MD membrane characterization
9. MD membrane modules
10. Direct contact membrane distillation
11. Sweeping gas membrane distillation
12. Vacuum membrane distillation
13. Air gap membrane distillation
14. Membrane distillation hybrid systems
15. Economics, energy analysis and costs
17. Future directions in membrane distillation


No. of pages:
© 2011
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the authors

Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Applied Physics I, Faculty of Physics, University Complutense of Madrid, Spain

T. Matsuura

Affiliations and Expertise

Industrial Membrane Research Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Ottawa, Canada