Medium and High Temperature

Medium and High Temperature

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Author: Jan Kreider
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141116

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Medium and High Temperature Solar Processes discusses the principles and economic viability of medium- and high-temperature solar processes. This book is organized into seven chapters that focus on the second law of thermodynamics and its use in matching solar collection methods to thermal processes. It also provides general design guidelines for small- and intermediate-scale applications of solar processes. The opening chapter presents an overview of energy use patterns in the United States and of the various solar-thermal processes considered in the book. The concepts of economics of solar systems and possible environmental impacts are also summarized. Chapter 2 deals with the quantity, geographic availability, and quality of solar radiation, with a particular emphasis on beam or direct radiation since it has the highest thermodynamic availability and is used by most elevated-temperature collectors. This chapter also describes the trigonometry of various solar tracking modes and optical properties of materials. Chapter 3 considers selected topics on thermodynamics and heat transfer, including various heat engine designs and their first and second law efficiencies; radiation heat transfer; and the properties of selective surfaces usable at high temperature. Chapter 4 covers the components and systems for medium-temperature processes, such as concentrating collectors, thermal storage, heat exchangers, and energy transport systems. Chapter 5 treats systems for power production, shaft power, industrial process heat, and total energy. Chapter 6 presents engineering design data for high-temperature collectors and their use in solar furnaces; central solar power plants; distributed power plants; and solar thermionics. The concluding chapter addresses the economics of the foregoing systems with an emphasis on methods and principles of analysis.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1 Prologue

    I. Introduction

    II. Solar System Economics

    III. Environmental Impacts of Solar Systems

    2 Principles of Solar Radiation and Optics

    I. Introduction

    II. Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Beam Radiation

    III. Solar Radiation Geometry

    IV. Beam Radiation Intercepted by Surfaces

    V. The Solar Energy Resource

    VI. Instantaneous and Hourly Solar Radiation Calculations

    VII. Daily Solar Radiation Calculations

    VIII. Monthly Radiation Calculations

    IX. Selected Topics in Optics

    3 Selected Topics in Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer for Elevated-Temperature Solar Processes

    I. Thermodynamic Principles

    II. Conduction Heat Transfer

    III. Convection Heat Transfer

    IV. Radiation Heat Transfer

    V. Combined Heat Transfer Modes—Example Calculation

    4 Medium-Temperature Solar Collectors and Ancillary Components

    I. Concentration of Sunlight

    II. Collectors for Medium-Temperature Solar Processes

    III. Ancillary Components of Solar-Thermal Systems

    5 Medium-Temperature Solar Processes

    I. Distributed Solar Power Production Systems

    II. Industrial Process Heat

    III. Shaft Work Production

    IV. Solar Total Energy Systems (STESs)

    V. Long-Term Performance of Medium-Temperature Solar Processes

    6 High-Temperature Solar Processes

    I. Compound-Curvature Solar Concentrators

    II. Solar Furnaces

    III. Central Receiver Solar-Thermal Power Systems

    IV. High-Temperature Distributed Solar Power Production

    V. Solar Thermionics

    VI. Long-Term Performance of High-Temperature Solar Processes

    7 Economic Analysis of Solar-Thermal Systems

    I. Economic Analysis of Solar-Thermal Systems

    II. Selected Topics in Engineering Economics

    III. The Solar System Cost Equation

    IV. Production Functions

    V. Optimal System Selection

    Appendix A Tables

    Appendix Nomenclature



Product details

  • No. of pages: 362
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141116

About the Author

Jan Kreider

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