Medical Psychology

Medical Psychology

Contributions to Behavioral Medicine

1st Edition - May 28, 1981

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  • Editors: Charles K. Prokop, Laurence A. Bradley
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262147

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Description

Medical Psychology: Contributions to Behavioral Medicine discusses the relationship between medical psychology and behavioral medicine and includes critical reviews of the status of diagnostic, treatment, and preventive approaches to a wide variety of medical disorders such as hypertension, cancer, and chronic pain. A quantitative and qualitative approach to neuropsychological evaluation is also presented. Comprised of 26 chapters, this book begins by tracing the history of the relationship between psychology and medicine and assessing the status of psychology's role in the medical center. The second and third sections deal with approaches to the assessment, treatment, and prevention of various medical disorders including hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. The third section also examines several special problems within the provinces of medical psychology and behavioral medicine. The fourth section presents reviews of clinical and research topics of particular interest to all medical psychologists and behavioral medicine specialists, including adherence to health care regimens and professional services evaluation in a medical setting. This monograph will be of value to research investigators and practitioners within the behavioral sciences and medicine.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1 The Relationship between Medical Psychology and Behavioral Medicine

    Definition of Behavioral Medicine

    Definition of Medical Psychology

    Medical Psychology’s Relationship to Behavioral Medicine

    References

    2 Medical Psychology: Three Decades of Growth and Development

    Growth Trends in Medical Psychology

    Training in Medical Psychology

    Medical Psychology and Related Concepts

    Future Directions

    Reference Notes

    References

    Assessment of Medical Disorders

    3 Type A Behavior: Assessment and Intervention

    Assessment of Type A Behavior

    Modification of Type A Behavior

    Future Directions

    Reference Notes

    References

    4 Assessment of Hypertension

    Assessing the Hypertensives’ Reactions to Stressful Stimuli

    Psychological Assessment of Hypertensives

    Summary and Conclusions

    Reference Notes

    References

    5 Issues and Approaches to the Psychosocial Assessment of the Cancer Patient

    Models of Psychosocial Assessment

    Summary

    Reference Notes

    References

    6 A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach to Neuropsychological Evaluation

    The Complexity of Brain-Behavior Relationships

    Neurological Assessment

    Multiple Inferential Methods to Enhance Qualitative and Quantitative Interpretative Analysis

    Issues of Validity

    Conclusion

    References

    7 Functional Analysis of Alcohol Problems

    A Functional Analysis Model of Drinking Decisions

    Using the Model

    Conclusion

    References

    8 Assessment of Chronic Pain

    Measurement Issues

    Measurement of Objects

    Measurement of Events

    Subjective Estimations

    Conclusions

    References

    9 The Psychosocial Assessment of the Chronically III Geriatric Patient

    The Assessment Process

    The Geriatric Patient

    Assessment of the Geriatric Patient from an Organismic Perspective

    Analysis of the Geriatric Patient from an Ecological Perspective

    The Function of the Psychologist in the Geriatric Health Care Delivery System

    Reference Notes

    References

    Treatment and Prevention of Medical Disorders

    10 Treatment of Cardiovascular Disorders

    Assessing Cardiovascular Disease

    Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease

    Conclusions

    References

    11 Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents

    Cardiovascular Disease May Be Preventable

    Prevalence and Natural History of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Youth

    Variables Associated with Major Risk Factors in Children

    The Coronary-Prone Behavior Pattern

    Promising Trends for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

    Conclusion

    Reference Notes

    References

    12 Psychological Preparation for Stressful Medical Procedures

    Psychological Support

    Information Provision

    Skills Training

    Hypnosis

    Relaxation Training

    Filmed Modeling

    Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions

    Psychological Preparation: Suggestions for Research and Clinical Practice

    Reference Notes

    References

    13 Intervention with the Cancer Patient

    Individual Therapy Intervention with the Adult Cancer Patient

    Individual Therapy Intervention with the Child and Adolescent Cancer Patient

    Group Therapy with Cancer Patients

    Intervention with Staff

    Intervention with the Family

    Less Conventional Interventions

    Conclusions

    Reference Notes

    References

    14 Rehabilitation and Treatment of Central Nervous System Dysfunction: A Behavioral Medicine Perspective

    Terminology

    Neuroanatomy

    Neuropathology

    Brain-Behavior Relationships

    Assessment

    Recovery

    Treatment and Rehabilitation Techniques

    Concluding Remarks

    Reference Notes

    References

    15 Behavioral Treatment of Alcohol Problems

    Treatment Approaches

    Utilization and Application Issues

    Reference Notes

    References

    16 Behavioral Approaches to the Treatment of Chronic Pain

    Therapeutic Modalities

    Experimental and Clinical Suggestions

    Reference Notes

    References

    17 Treatment of the Chronically III Geriatric Patient

    Framework for Viewing the Geriatric Patient in a Context: A Dialectical Perspective

    Treatment of the Geriatric Patient: Excess Disabilities and Reversible Dementia

    Humanizing Dying: The Hospice Movement and Palliative Care

    Major Research Controversies: What to Measure and How

    Reference Notes

    References

    18 Therapeutic Options in the Management of Obesity

    Selection of Studies

    Review of Results

    Treatment Recommendations

    Conclusions

    Appendix: Criteria of Obesity and Weight Change

    Reference Notes

    References

    19 Behavioral Treatment of Smoking Behavior

    Smoking Behavior

    Outcome Research on Smoking

    Current Trends in Smoking Research

    Future Directions

    Conclusion

    Reference Notes

    References

    20 Behavioral Approaches in the Treatment of Bronchial Asthma

    The Nature of Bronchial Asthma

    Behavioral Methods in Asthma Treatment

    Conclusions

    Reference Notes

    References

    21 EMG Biofeedback in the Treatment of Stress-Related Disorders

    Definition and Measurement of Stress and Coping

    Assumptions in the Use of EMG Biofeedback for Coping with Stress

    Clinical Research

    Conclusions and Implications

    Reference Notes

    References

    22 The Use of Biofeedback for Treating Patients with Migraine Headaches, Raynaud’s Disease, and Hypertension: A Critical Evaluation

    Some Initial Comments on Methodology

    Biofeedback and the Treatment of Migraine Headaches

    Biofeedback and the Treatment of Raynaud’s Disease

    Biofeedback and the Treatment of Hypertension

    Conclusions

    References

    Special Topics in Medical Psychology and Behavioral Medicine

    23 Adherence to Health Care Regimens

    Nonadherence: The Extent of the Problem

    Variables Influencing Compliance

    Improving Compliance

    Conclusions and Future Directions

    References

    24 Professional Services Evaluation in a Medical Setting

    Historical Perspective

    Program Evaluation: Theory and Procedures

    Peer Review: Standards for the Health Care Professional

    Summary

    Appendix: Glossary of Terms

    Reference Notes

    References

    25 Methodological Issues in Medical Psychology and Behavioral Medicine Research

    Methodological Issues

    Statistical Issues

    Conclusion and Suggestions for Further Research

    Reference Notes

    References

    26 Medical Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: Summary and Future Concerns

    Current Concerns

    Future Concerns for Medical Psychologists

    Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: May 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262147

About the Editors

Charles K. Prokop

Laurence A. Bradley

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