Mechanical Alloying

Mechanical Alloying

Energy Storage, Protective Coatings, and Medical Applications

3rd Edition - April 17, 2020

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  • Author: M. Sherif El-Eskandarany
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128181805
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128181812

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Mechanical Alloying: Energy Storage, Protective Coatings, and Medical Applications, Third Edition is a detailed introduction to mechanical alloying that offers guidelines on the necessary equipment and facilities needed to carry out the process, also giving a fundamental background to the reactions taking place. El-Eskandarany, a leading authority on mechanical alloying, discusses the mechanism of powder consolidations using different powder compaction processes. A new chapter is included on utilization of the mechanically alloyed powders for thermal spraying. Fully updated to cover recent developments in the field, this second edition also introduces new and emerging applications for mechanical alloying, including the fabrication of carbon nanotubes, surface protective coating and hydrogen storage technology. El-Eskandarany discusses the latest research into these applications and provides engineers and scientists with the information they need to implement these developments.

Key Features

  • Guides readers through each step of the mechanical alloying process
  • Includes tables and graphs that are used to explain the stages of the milling processes
  • Presents a comprehensive update on the previous edition, including new chapters that cover emerging applications


Professors involved in Materials Science, Powder Metallurgy, Nanotechnology, Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Metallurgy, Energy Storage, medical applications, Corrosion/Erosion, Surface properties and modifications, and mechanical properties. Researchers, and University and Technical School Students

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    1.1 Advanced materials
    1.2 Strategies used for fabrications of advanced materials
    1.3 Mechanically assisted approach
    1.4 Thermal approach References

    2. Characterizations of mechanically alloyed powders
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Examples of characterization techniques

    3. The history and necessity of mechanical alloying
    3.1 History of story of mechanical alloying
    3.2 Fabrications of ODS alloys
    3.3 Fabrications of other advanced materials
    3.4 Mechanical alloying, mechanical grinding, mechanical milling, and mechanical disordering
    3.5 Types of ball mills
    3.6 Mechanism of mechanical alloying
    3.7 Necessity of mechanical alloying

    4. Controlling the powder-milling process
    4.1 Factors affecting the MA/MD/MM

    5. Ball milling as a superior nanotechnological fabrication’s tool
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Nanocrystalline materials
    5.3 Formation of nanocrystalline materials by ball milling technique
    5.4 Selected examples
    5.5 Effect of ball milling on the structure of carbon nanotubes
    5.6 Pressing and sintering of powders materials
    5.7 Consolidation of nanocrystalline powders
    5.8 Spark plasma sintering for consolidation of ball-milled nanocrystalline powders
    5.9 Fabrication of nanodiamonds and carbon nanotubes by milling

    6. Mechanochimical process for fabrication of 3D nanomaterials
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Reduction of Cu2O with Ti by room temperature rod milling
    6.3 Properties
    6.4 Mechanism of MSSR
    6.5 Fabrication of nanocrystalline WC and nanocomposite WC-MgO refractory materials by MSSR method
    6.6 c-BN
    6.7 NbN

    7. Fabrication of nanocrystalline refractory materials
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Preparation challenges and difficulties
    7.3 Synthesizing and properties of mechanically solid-state reacted tic powders
    7.4 Other carbides produced by mechanical alloying

    8. Fabrication of and consolidation of hard nanocomposite materials
    8.1 Introduction and background
    8.2 Fabrications methods of particulate MMNCs 8.3 WC-based nanocomposites
    8.4 Fabrication of metal matrix/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites by mechanical alloying

    9. Solid-state hydrogen storage nanomaterials for fuel cell applications
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Hydrogen energy
    9.3 Solid-state hydrogen storage
    9.4 Magnesium hydride as an example of solid-state hydrogen storage material

    10. Mechanically induced-catalyzation for improving the behavior of MgH2
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Scenarios for improving the behavior of MgH2
    10.3 Combination of cold rolling and ball milling for improving the kinetics behavior of MgH2 powders

    11. Implementation of MgH2-based nanocomposite for fuel cell applications
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Hydrogen reactors

    12. Utilization of ball-milled powders for surface protective coating
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Thermal spraying

    13. Mechanically induced solid-state amorphization
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Fabrication of amorphous alloys by mechanical alloying process
    13.3 Crystal-to-glass transition
    13.4 Mechanism of amorphization by mechanical alloying process
    13.5 The glass-forming range
    13.6 Amorphization via mechanical alloying when ∆Hfor = Zero; mechanical solid-state amorphization of Fe50W50 binary system
    13.7 Special systems and applications 13.8 Difference between mechanical alloying and mechanical disordering in the amorphization reaction OF Al50Ta50 in a rod mill
    13.9 Mechanically induced cyclic crystalline-amorphous transformations during mechanical alloying
    13.10 Consolidation of multicomponent metallic glassy alloy powders into  full-dense bulk materials
    13.11 Recent studies

    14. Mechanical alloying for preparing nanocrystalline high-entropy alloys
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Preparations of nanocrystalline HEAs by mechanical alloying References

    15. Biomedical applications of mechanically alloyed powders
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Metallic biomaterials
    15.3 Mechanical alloying for fabrication of metallic biomaterials

Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2020
  • Published: April 17, 2020
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128181805
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128181812

About the Author

M. Sherif El-Eskandarany

A full Professor of Materials Science and Nanotechnology gained his Master and Doctor Degrees at Tohoku University, Japan. He worked as a Professor at Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Japan, Professor at Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Egypt. Until 2007, he worked as First-Under-Secretary of Egyptian Minster of Higher Education and Scientific Research, and the former Vice-President of The Academy of Scientific Research and Technology of Egypt. He has joined Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research to work as Senior Research Scientist in 2007. Since then, he works as Senior Research Scientist and Program Manager of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials. He is the founder of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials of KISR and the Project Leader of Establishing Nanotechnology Center in Kuwait. In 2018, he promoted to Principle Research Scientist. He has published more than 280 peer-reviewed papers in high-cited international scientific journals in the field of materials science, nanoscience and nanotechnology and more than 250 papers in the proceedings of several international conferences. He awarded six patents from the United States Patent and Trademark Office in the area of nanomaterials, protective coating and hydrogen storage nanocomposites. He is the author of six scientific books and received many national and international awards, two of them given by the His Excellency the Former Egyptian President and the other one given by His Highness The Prince of Kuwait.

Affiliations and Expertise

Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

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