Materials Under Extreme Conditions - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128013007, 9780128014424

Materials Under Extreme Conditions

1st Edition

Recent Trends and Future Prospects

Editors: A.K. Tyagi S. Banerjee
eBook ISBN: 9780128014424
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128013007
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 6th February 2017
Page Count: 870
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Description

Materials Under Extreme Conditions: Recent Trends and Future Prospects analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of materials exposed to extreme conditions, such as high temperature, high pressure, hostile chemical environments, high radiation fields, high vacuum, high magnetic and electric fields, wear and abrasion related to chemical bonding, special crystallographic features, and microstructures.

The materials covered in this work encompass oxides, non-oxides, alloys and intermetallics, glasses, and carbon-based materials. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, and condensed matter physics.

Key Features

  • Describes and analyzes the chemical transformation and decomposition of a wide range of materials exposed to extreme conditions
  • Brings together information currently scattered across the Internet or incoherently dispersed amongst journals and proceedings
  • Presents chapters on phenomena, materials synthesis, and processing, characterization and properties, and applications
  • Written by established researchers in the field

Readership

Researchers in academia and industry and technologists in chemical engineering, materials chemistry, chemistry, condensed matter physics

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors
  • About the Editors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Material Studies at High Pressure
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Experimental and Theoretical Methods to Study Materials at High Pressure
    • 3. Diagnostics
    • 4. Some Case Studies
    • 5. Future Prospects
  • Chapter 2. Materials Under Shock Waves
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Dynamic Compression Process
    • 3. Experimental Techniques
    • 4. Case Studies
    • 5. Theoretical Methods
    • 6. Theoretical Studies
    • 7. Summary and Discussion
  • Chapter 3. Materials for Hostile Corrosive Environments
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Corrosion by Liquid Sodium
    • 3. Materials for the Hostile Corrosive Environments in Steam Water Environments of Nuclear Power Plants
    • 4. Materials in Seawater Environments
    • 5. Corrosion Issues of Materials for Nitric Acid Corrosive Environments
    • 6. Pyrochemical Reprocessing of Spent Metallic Fuel and Durability of Materials in Molten Salt and Uranium Environments
    • 7. Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Materials for Hostile Chemical Environments
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Different Types of Hostile Environments
    • 3. Acid-Resistant Materials
    • 4. Alkali-Resistant Materials
    • 5. Materials Resistant to Corrosive Gases (H2S, SOx, NOx, etc.)
    • 6. Methods to Monitor Surface Modifications Occurring With Materials Due to Hostile Environments
    • 7. Stainless Steel in Hostile Chemical Environments
    • 8. Different Types of Steels
    • 9. Classification of Steel for Engineering Uses
    • 10. Surface Roughness
    • 11. Refractory Materials
    • 12. Reaction of Refractory Materials With Slag
    • 13. Pozzolans
    • 14. Tungsten Carbide
    • 15. Silicon Carbide
    • 16. Boron Nitride
    • 17. Gallium Nitride
    • 18. Borosilicate Glass
    • 19. Diamond-Based Materials
    • 20. Resins and Polymers for Hostile Chemical Environments
    • 21. Acrylic Resins
    • 22. Epoxy Resins
    • 23. Silicone Resins
    • 24. Buna N
    • 25. Ethylene Propylenediene Monomer Rubber
    • 26. Fluorocarbon Elastomers
    • 27. Styrene-Butadiene-Based Polymers
    • 28. Plastics That Can Survive Hostile Environments
    • 29. Designing Fibers of Polymers With Resistance to Hostile Chemical Environments
    • 30. Chlorine and Fluorinated Polymers
    • 31. Fluorinated Polymers or Fibers
    • 32. Chemically Resistant Fibers Based on Aromatic Ring-Containing Polymers
    • 33. Composite Materials
    • 34. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. High Performance Polymer Nanocomposites for Structural Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nanofillers
    • 3. Polymers
    • 4. Preparation of Polymer Nanocomposites
    • 5. Characterization of Nanocomposites
    • 6. Tailoring Morphology and Interface of Polymer Nanocomposites
    • 7. High-Modulus Polymer Nanocomposites: Recent Developments
    • 8. Conclusions
    • List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
  • Chapter 6. Glasses and Glass-Ceramics for Vacuum and High-Temperature Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Glass and Glass-Ceramics and Related Properties
    • 3. Wettability and Joining of Metals Using Glasses
    • 4. Types of Seals and Their Configuration
    • 5. Sealants for High Temperature (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Sealants)
    • 6. Preparation of Glass-to-Metal Seals
    • 7. Machinable Glass-Ceramics
    • 8. Future Perspectives
  • Chapter 7. Natural Glasses Under Extreme Conditions
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Glass
    • 3. Natural Glasses of Volcanic Origin
    • 4. Natural Glasses of Nonvolcanic Origin
    • 5. Leaching of Glass
    • 6. Alteration of Natural Glasses Under Extreme Geological Conditions
    • 7. Alteration of Natural Glasses Under Extreme Experimental Conditions
    • 8. Conclusions and Future Directions
  • Chapter 8. Protective Hard Coatings for Tribological Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. General Methods of Deposition
    • 3. Characterization Tools
    • 4. Testing Methods
    • 5. Hard Coatings for Tribological Applications
    • 6. Summary
  • Chapter 9. Intermetallics and Alloys for High Temperature Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Intermetallics
    • 3. Silicides
    • 4. High-Entropy Alloys
    • 5. Summary
  • Chapter 10. Synthesis and Characterization of Borides, Carbides, and Nitrides and Their Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Phenomena
    • 3. Theoretical Concepts
    • 4. Synthesis
    • 5. Characterization Techniques
    • 6. Properties
    • 7. Applications
    • 8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. High-Temperature Ceramics
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Classification of Ceramics
    • 3. Chemical Bonding
    • 4. Phase Transitions
    • 5. Phase Diagram
    • 6. Preparation and Processing
    • 7. Characterization
    • 8. Properties of Refractory Ceramics
    • 9. Examples of High-Temperature Ceramics and Their Applications
    • 10. Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Cold Plasma Processing of Materials for Extreme Conditions
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. The Role of Plasma in Chemical Vapor Deposition
    • 3. Plasma Sources for Chemical Vapor Deposition Applications
    • 4. Plasma-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition
    • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Tailored Thermal Expansion Material for High-Temperature Applications
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Thermal Expansion of Materials: Some Fundamental Aspects
    • 3. Experimental Techniques for Thermal Expansion Measurements
    • 4. Correlation of the Thermal Expansion Coefficient With Other Physical Properties of Materials
    • 5. Different Classes of Materials Based on Thermal Expansion Behaviors
    • 6. Materials With Low or Negative Thermal Expansion Behavior
    • 7. Tailoring of Thermal Expansion of Materials Based on Crystallographic Concepts
    • 8. Thermal Expansion Behavior of Perovskite-Type Materials
    • 9. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Materials Under Intense Laser Irradiation
    • 1. High Energy Density State of Matter
    • 2. X-Ray Emission from Laser-Produced Plasma
    • 3. Particle Acceleration With Lasers
    • 4. Shock Wave Propagation
    • 5. Warm Dense Matter: an Exotic State
    • 6. Applications
  • Chapter 15. Laser-Induced Vaporization–Mass Spectrometry Studies on Refractory Materials at Ultrahigh Temperatures
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Laser–Solid Interaction
    • 3. Experimental Method
    • 4. Results and Discussion
    • 5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 16. Nanoclusters Under Extreme Ionization Conditions
    • 1. Introduction to Clusters
    • 2. Different Methods for Preparation of Clusters
    • 3. Characterization of Cluster Source
    • 4. Instrumentation
    • 5. Clusters Under Extreme Ionization Conditions: Interaction With Lasers
    • 6. Different Studies Related to Interaction of Laser With Clusters
    • 7. Applications
  • Chapter 17. Materials Response Under Irradiation
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Irradiation – Processes Leading to Extreme Situations
    • 3. Irradiation Using Different Incident Beams
    • 4. Defect Dynamics in Materials Under Irradiation
    • 5. Irradiation-Enhanced Diffusion
    • 6. Irradiation-Induced Segregation
    • 7. Radiation-Induced/Enhanced Phase Transformation
    • 8. Influence of Radiation-induced Microstructure on Mechanical Properties
    • 9. Multiscale Modeling to Predict Irradiation Behavior of Materials
    • 10. Future Trends
    • 11. Summary
  • Chapter 18. Radiation–Matter Interaction and Radiation-Tolerant Oxides
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Nuclear Fission
    • 3. Typical Nuclear Reactors
    • 4. Reactors and Radioactivity
    • 5. Methods to Dispose Nuclear Waste and Material Requirements
    • 6. Damage Caused by Radiation
    • 7. The Rate/Duration of Radiation Damage
    • 8. Methods to Evaluate Damage
    • 9. Ion–Solid Interaction
    • 10. Damage in Nuclear-Stopping Regime
    • 11. Damage in Electronic-Stopping Regime: Track Formation
    • 12. Models of Track Formation
    • 13. Phase Transformations by SHI Irradiation
    • 14. Ion Hammering and Texture Changes
    • 15. Irradiation Effects in Some Representative Nuclear Materials
    • 16. Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Diamond-Based Radiation Detectors for Applications in Highly Corrosive Solutions and High-Radiation Fields
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Structure and Properties of Diamond
    • 3. Diamond as a Host for Radiation Sensing
    • 4. Laboratory Synthesis of Diamond
    • 5. History of Diamond-Based Radiation Detectors
    • 6. Performance of CVD Diamond α-Detectors
    • 7. Factors Governing the Performance of CVD Diamond α-Detectors
    • 8. Neutron Detection in Diamond
    • 9. Challenges and Future Prospective in Diamond Radiation Detectors
    • 10. Conclusions
  • Chapter 20. Severe Plastic Deformation of Materials
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Theory and Phenomena of Severe Plastic Deformation
    • 3. Methods to Impart Severe Plastic Deformation
    • 4. Characterization and Properties
    • 5. Applications
    • 6. Summary
  • Chapter 21. Materials in a High Magnetic Field
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Generation of High Magnetic Fields
    • 3. Response of Materials in a Magnetic Field
    • 4. Superconductors in Magnetic Field
    • 5. Magnetoelastic Materials With Current Technological Interest
    • 6. Future Outlook
  • Chapter 22. Properties of Materials Under High Electric Field
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Interaction of Matter With Electric and Electromagnetic Field
    • 3. Dielectric Materials for High-Speed Electronic Circuits
    • 4. Dielectrics Under Extreme Potential (Dielectric Breakdown)
    • 5. Case Studies on High and Low Dielectric Constant Materials
    • 6. Summary and Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
870
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780128014424
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128013007

About the Editor

A.K. Tyagi

Dr. A.K. Tyagi joined Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, in 1986 through BARC-Training School. Since then he has been working in the field of chemistry of nanomaterials, functional materials, and nuclear materials. He was a Max-Planck Fellow at MPI, Stuttgart, Germany, during 1995-96. Presently he is Head, Solid State Chemistry Section, Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, and also a Professor of Chemistry at Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI). He has published more than 450 papers in international journals, two books, twelve book chapters, and one patent. In recognition of his work, he has been conferred with several prestigious awards, including the Homi Bhabha Science & Technology Award, the Gold Medal of Indian Nuclear Society, the MRSI Medal, the CRSI Medal, the Dr. Laxmi Award by ISCAS, the Rheometric Scientific-ITAS Award, the IANCAS-Dr.Tarun Datta Memorial Award, the RD Desai Memorial Award of ICS, the Rajib Goyal Prize in Chemical Sciences, the DAE-SRC Outstanding Researcher Award, the CRSI-Prof. CNR Rao National Prize for Chemical Sciences, and the ISCB Award for Excellence in Chemical Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK (FRSC), the National Academy of Sciences, India (FNASc), the Indian Academy of Sciences (FASc), and Maharashtra Academy of Sciences (FMASc). He has been a visiting scientist to several countries, including Germany, USA, Canada, France, Spain, Sweden, Portugal, Russia, Japan, Israel, China, Singapore, Malaysia, and Australia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head, Solid State Chemistry Section, Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India, and Professor of Chemistry, Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Mumbai, India

S. Banerjee

Dr. Srikumar Banerjee is presently DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India. He completed his BTech inMetallurgical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, in 1967. He joined the Metallurgy Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, in 1968 after graduating from 11th batch of BARC training School. He obtained his PhD in 1974 from IIT, Kharagpur. He has occupied several important positions such as Head, Metallurgy Division, BARC, Director, Materials Group, BARC, and Director, BARC, and subsequently became Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, India, in 2009, and superannuated in April 2012. He has done pioneering work in the field of martensitic transformations, rapid solidification, omega transformation, quasi-crystalline solids, and shape memory alloys. He has been a senior visiting Fellow at the University of Sussex, UK, Humboldt Foundation Fellow at Max-Planck Institute for Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany, and a visiting Professor at Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.

In recognition of his seminal contribution to the field of Materials Science, Dr. Banerjee has been conferred with numerous national and international prestigious awards, including INSA Young Scientist Award (1976), National Metallurgists' Day Award (1981), Acta Metallurgica Outstanding paper Award (1984), Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize in Engineering Sciences from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (1989); GD Birla Gold Medal of The Indian Institute of Metals (1997), INSA Prize for Materials Science, MRSI - Superconductivity and Material Science Prize (2003); Indian Nuclear Society Award (2003), Alexander von Humboldt Research Award (2004), Prof. Brahm Prakash Memorial Medal (2004) from INSA, Padma Shri from Government of India (2005), Distinguished Materials Scientist Award from MRSI (2008), Indian Science Congress Association’s Excellence in Science and Technology Award (2009), Ram Mohun Puraskar of Rammohun Mission for outstanding contribution to Nuclear Science (2010), CNR Rao Prize Lecture in Advanced Materials (2011), and M. N. Saha Birth Centenary Award (2012) from Indian Science Association Congress. He has been conferred with several Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) degrees from various universities and institutions, including Sathyabama University, Chennai; Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur; Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; Guru Ghasidas University, Chattisgarh, and University of Calcutta. He is an elected Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian National Science Academy, Indian National Academy of Engineering, and Third World Academy of Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai, India